Trends in Mortality by Income in Urban Canada from 1971 to 1996.
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Trends in Mortality by Income in Urban Canada from 1971 to 1996. PART II Russell Wilkins, Edward Ng and Jean-Marie Berthelot Health Analysis and Modeling Group Statistics Canada, Ottawa. Session 65:

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Trends in Mortality by Income in Urban Canada from 1971 to 1996.PART IIRussell Wilkins, Edward Ng and Jean-Marie BerthelotHealth Analysis and Modeling GroupStatistics Canada, Ottawa

Session 65:

Causes of Death Analyses, Differentials and Trends Population Association of America (PAA) 2001 Annual Meeting, Washington DC 29-31 March 2001


Russell wilkins

Russell Wilkins 1996.

Health Analysis and Modeling Group

Statistics Canada, RHC-24A

Ottawa ON K1A OT6

Tel: 1-613-951-5305 Fax: 1-613-951-3959

Email: [email protected]


Trends by cause asmr all ages
Trends by Cause, 1996.ASMR-All Ages

  • Progress towards the goal of Health for All

    • Lower mortality

    • Less inequality

  • Lack of progress

    • Little change in mortality

    • Less inequality but higher mortality

  • Worsening

    • Higher mortality

    • Greater inequality


Perinatal conditions
Perinatal Conditions 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Ischemic heart disease
Ischemic Heart Disease 1996.

ASMR per 100,000



Ischemic heart disease females
Ischemic Heart Disease, Females 1996.

ASMR per 100,000


Uterine cancer
Uterine Cancer 1996.

ASMR x 100,000


Liver cirrhosis females
Liver Cirrhosis, Females 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Liver cirrhosis males
Liver Cirrhosis, Males 1996.

ASMRx 100,000



P edestrians h it by m otor v ehicles b oth s exes
P 1996.edestrians Hit by Motor Vehicles, Both Sexes

ASMRx 100,000


Motor vehicle occupants both sexes
Motor Vehicle Occupants, 1996. Both Sexes

ASMRx 100,000


Lung cancer males
Lung Cancer, Males 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Breast cancer females
Breast Cancer, Females 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Suicide males
Suicide, Males 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Suicide females
Suicide, Females 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Lung cancer females
Lung Cancer, Females 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Mental disorders both sexes
Mental Disorders, Both Sexes 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Infectious diseases both sexes
Infectious Diseases, Both Sexes 1996.

ASMRx 100,000

Includes 1986 AIDS recoded to Infectious Diseases



Diabetes males
Diabetes, Males 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Diabetes females
Diabetes, Females 1996.

ASMRx 100,000


Conclusions trends 1971 1996
Conclusions: Trends 1971-1996 1996.

  • Lower mortality for all income quintiles, both sexes, and for most causes

  • Persistence of an income gradient, though less steep than formerly

    • affects females as well as males, though less sharply

    • highest relative risks in working ages (25-64)

  • Elimination of the remaining disparities would result in gains in potential years of life equivalent to eradicating one of the three leading causes of death


Conclusions trends 1971 1996 cont
Conclusions: Trends 1971-1996 (cont.) 1996.

  • Throughout this period, there were substantially diminished differences across the income quintiles, overall and for most causes of death

    • many causes showed remarkable progress: reduced mortality and diminished differences

    • a few causes showed higher mortality and greater inequality

    • timing of the changes varied by cause


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