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The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption Habits and Parenting Style. Katie Hanslits and Stephanie Collins Hanover College. Heavy Drinking Habits Among Parents.

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The relationship between alcohol consumption habits and parenting style l.jpg

The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption Habits and Parenting Style

Katie Hanslits and Stephanie Collins

Hanover College


Heavy drinking habits among parents l.jpg
Heavy Drinking Habits Among Parents Parenting Style

  • Children of alcoholics have been shown to have less emotional support and monitoring. Heavy drinking by both parents is correlated with permissiveness in parenting (van derZwaluw et all 2008).

  • Problematic drinking is associated with poor parenting and authoritarian or permissive parenting styles (Keller et all 2005).


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Parenting Styles Parenting Style

Three different parenting styles(Baumrind, 1966).

Permissive: parent attempts to behave in a non-punitive, acceptant and affirmative manner towards the child's impulses, desires, and actions.

Authoritarian: parent attempts to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of the child in accordance with a set standard of conduct formulated by a higher authority.

Authoritative: parent attempts to direct the child's activities but in a rational, issue-oriented manner.


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Parenting Styles Parenting Style

  • Parenting styles have a long term effect of overall well being of child. Having parents with authoritative styles of parenting elicit higher levels of well-being in the child (Huppert et al., 2010).

  • Children with mothers who are assessed to be authoritarian in their parenting styles are less well behaved in the classroom (Reine, 2001).


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Outcomes for the Children Parenting Style

  • Parental problem drinking has been associated with negative events in their child’s life.

    --303 families of 4-6 graders

    --Parents and children were interviewed and tested

  • Indirect relationship between parental problem drinking and parenting

    --Children with parents who were heavy drinkers were significantly more likely to experience negative life events (Roosa, 1993).


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Basis for Research Question Parenting Style

Heavy Drinking By the Parent

Child’s Health and Well-being

Heavy Drinking By the Parent

Child’s Health and Well-being

Parenting Style


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Hypotheses Parenting Style

  • Parents with heavy drinking habits will tend to have more permissive and authoritarian parenting styles compared to light drinkers

  • Nondrinkers and light drinkers will tend to have more authoritative parenting styles


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Participants Parenting Style

Participants were obtained online through Psychological Research on the Net and Facebook

  • N=63 (Male = 10, Female = 50, Did not wish to answer= 3)

  • Ethnicity

    • Caucasian 69.8%, African-American 11%, Other 19.2%

  • Average Income: $37,111.37

  • Age Range: 18-63 years old

  • Number of children (M= 2.07)


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Measures: Parenting Styles Parenting Style

Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri 1991)

Permissive(.74) Authoritarian(.86) Authoritative (.83)

Permissive

Ex: As a parent, I felt that in a well-run home, the children should have their way in the family as often as parents do.

Authoritarian

Ex: Even if my children did not agree with me, I felt that it was for their own good if they were forced to conform to what I thought was right.

Authoritative

Ex: I have always encouraged verbal give-and-take whenever I have felt that family rules and restrictions were unreasonable.


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Measures: Drinking Habits Parenting Style

Heavy Drinking Questions

  • How many standard alcoholic beverages do you consume a day?

  • On nights when you are in a social setting, how many standard drinks do you consume?

  • Do you ever drink because you are experiencing difficult emotions?


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Procedure Parenting Style

  • Participants will find survey located on the designated website

  • Informed Consent

  • Parenting style assessment and drinking habits obtained through a survey

    -Demographics will be obtained at the beginning of the survey

  • Debriefed, thanked, and given a link to find the results


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Results Parenting Style


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Results: Education Parenting Style

Lower Education

Higher Education


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Discussion Parenting Style

  • Parental priorities shift and Responsibility Slips (Haugland, 2005)

  • Control changes (Huckstadt, 1987)

  • Education level (McCarthy et al., 2002)

    • Experience of Cognitive Dissonance, Labeling, and Occupational Stress

  • Better reasoning in light drinkers (Williams & Skinner, 1990)


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Implications Parenting Style

  • Parents influence their child’s life

  • Stronger support for heavier drinking parents and alcoholic parents

  • Effects of permissive parenting on the child

  • Risk of higher education, drinking, and cognitive dissonance


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Limitations Parenting Style

  • Small Sample of heavy drinkers

  • Number of questions assessing alcohol consumption habits and specificity

  • Nature of alcohol consumption habits questions

  • Gender


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References Parenting Style

  • Baumrind, D. (1966). Effects of Authoritative Parental Control on Child Behavior, ChildDevelopment, 37(4), 887-907.

  •  Huppert, F. A.; Abbott, R. A.; Ploubidis, G. B.; Richards, M.; Kuh, D.; Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences, Vol 40(9), Sep, 2010. pp. 1507-1518. [Journal Article]

  • Keller, P. S., Cummings, E., & Davies, P. T. (2005). The role of marital discord and parenting in relations between parental problem drinking and child adjustment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(9), 943-951. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00399.x

  • Maynard, Dona E.; Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 60(6-B), Jan, 1999. pp. 2988. [Dissertation]

  • Pelham, W. r., & Lang, A. R. (1999). Can your children drive you to drink?: Stress and parenting in adults interacting with children with ADHD. Alcohol Research & Health, 23(4), 292-298. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

  • Roosa, M. W., Tein, J., Groppenbacher, N., Michaels, M., & Dumka, L. (1993). Mothers' parenting behavior and child mental health in families with a problem drinking parent. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 55(1), 107-118. doi:10.2307/352962

  • Stout, M. Lisa; Mintz, Laurie B.; Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol 43(4), Oct, 1996. pp. 466-472. [Journal Article]

  • Tildesley, E. A., & Andrews, J. A. (2008). The development of children's intentions to use alcohol: Direct and indirect effects of parent alcohol use and parenting behaviors. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22(3), 326-339. doi:10.1037/0893-164X.22.3.326

  • van derZwaluw, C. S., Scholte, R. J., Vermulst, A. A., Buitelaar, J. K., Verkes, R., & Engels, R. E. (2008). Parental problem drinking, parenting, and adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31(3), 189-200. doi:10.1007/s10865-007-9146-z


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Questions? Parenting Style


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