Developing the research problem
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Developing the Research Problem. KNES 510 Research Methods in Kinesiology. Finding a Topic. Be aware of research being done in your department by the research faculty (website) Be alert for controversial issues in your area of interest Read a review paper

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Developing the research problem

Developing the Research Problem

KNES 510

Research Methods in Kinesiology


Finding a topic

Finding a Topic

  • Be aware of research being done in your department by the research faculty (website)

  • Be alert for controversial issues in your area of interest

  • Read a review paper

    • primary source – firsthand source of data in research; the original study

    • secondary source – source of data in research in which an author has evaluated and summarized previous research


Criteria in selecting a research problem

Criteria in Selecting aResearch Problem

  • Is the problem in the realm of research?

  • Does it interest you?

  • Is it worthwhile?

  • Is it feasible?

  • Is it timely?

  • Can you attack the problem without prejudice?

  • Are you prepared in the techniques to address the problem?


What s the difference

What’s the Difference?


Purposes of the literature review

Purposes of the Literature Review

  • Identify the problem

  • Develop the hypotheses

  • Develop the methods


Steps in the literature search

Steps in the Literature Search

  • Write the problem statement

  • Consult secondary sources

    • Encyclopedias

    • Research reviews

  • Determine descriptors (CV)

  • Find primary sources using

    • Indexes and bibliographies

    • Computer searches

  • Read and record the literature

  • Write the literature review


Step 1 the problem statement

Step 1 – The Problem Statement

  • Specify the research question you are asking

  • Be complete but concise


Step 2 consult secondary sources

Step 2 – Consult Secondary Sources

  • This step is necessary only if you have very limited knowledge of your subject

    • Encyclopedias – Dated info but provides basic terms, appropriate journals, etc.

    • Research reviews – written by experts, summarizes current research, provides suggestions for future research


Step 3 determine descriptors

Step 3 – Determine Descriptors

  • Critical Variables

  • Terms to help locate sources

  • Too broad – too many results

  • Too narrow – too few results


Where do i look

Where do I Look?

  • Textbook

  • Recent articles are best (search reference lists)

  • Internet

  • PubMed (Medline)

  • CSUF Library

    • Research and information services

    • Online databases

    • CINAHL

    • SPORTDiscus


How do i look

How do I Look?

  • Peer reviewed journals

  • No popular magazines

  • Keywords (and, or, “”)

  • Authors

  • Ideas

  • Professional meetings

    • Posters, orals and symposia


Step 4 find primary sources

Step 4 – Find Primary Sources

  • See example using CSUF library website via portal


Search the lit cont

Search the Lit cont…

  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi


Step 5 read and record the literature what they did found meaning

Step 5 – Read and Recordthe Literature(what they did, found & meaning)


Methods

Methods


Instruments

Instruments


Step 6 write the literature review

Step 6 – Write theLiterature Review

  • Three components:

    • Introduction (1-2 pages)

    • Body (10-15 pages)

    • Summary and Conclusion (1 page)


Citing your references

Citing Your References

  • For this class, use either American Psychological Association (APA) 5th edition guidelines or AMA journal style (talk to your chair)

  • Example:

Khamoui AV, Brown LE, Nguyen D, Uribe BP, Coburn JW, Noffal, GJ, Tran TT. Relationship between force-time and velocity-time characteristics of dynamic and isometric muscle actions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(1):198-204, 2011.


Reference list

Reference List

  • Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names.

  • Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work.

  • Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title.

1. Celes R, Brown LE, Pereira MCC, Schwartz FP, Junior VAR, Bottaro M. Gender muscle recovery during isokinetic exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 31(12):886-889, 2010.

2. Khamoui AV, Brown LE, Nguyen D, Uribe BP, Coburn JW, Noffal, GJ, Tran TT. Relationship between force-time and velocity-time characteristics of dynamic and isometric muscle actions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(1):198-204, 2011.


Information for authors

Information for Authors

  • http://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Pages/InstructionsforAuthors.aspx


Next class

Next Class

  • Chapter 18

  • No abstract due


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