Assessment of consumers drug knowledge in addis ababa cross sectional survey
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ASSESSMENT OF CONSUMERS DRUG KNOWLEDGE IN ADDIS ABABA: CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ASSESSMENT OF CONSUMERS DRUG KNOWLEDGE IN ADDIS ABABA: CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY Tenaw Andualem and Tsige Gebre-Mariam School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University (INRUD Ethiopia); E-mail: [email protected] INTRODUCTION. Knowledge on drugs is an important element in their proper use.

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ASSESSMENT OF CONSUMERS DRUG KNOWLEDGE IN ADDIS ABABA: CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY

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ASSESSMENT OF CONSUMERS DRUG KNOWLEDGE IN ADDIS ABABA: CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY

Tenaw Andualem and Tsige Gebre-Mariam

School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University (INRUD Ethiopia); E-mail: [email protected]


INTRODUCTION

  • Knowledge on drugs is an important element in their proper use.

  • Studies on adults indicate that individuals are able to discriminate between minor and major ailments. They take care of minor problems on their own.

  • More than 60% of the reported illnesses are dealt with over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. A few studies indicate that adolescents gain drug knowledge through drug consumption, i.e., not prior to taking drugs and college students use the frequently advertised products.


INTRODUCTIONContinued

  • Obviously, such practices may lead to potential risks, particularly so during self-medication.

  • Drugs can be dangerous, particularly to those who have little awareness on the potential risks.

  • One of the factors that contribute to improper use of drugs is lack of overall knowledge on drugs.


INTRODUCTIONContinued

Problem Statement:Knowledge on drugs is an important element for proper drug use. Knowing the names of drugs alone should not be considered as adequate. This is reflected in non-compliance to drugs given and use of drugs by all age groups, gender, disease condition and other socio-demographic condition.


OBJECTIVES

To assess consumers drug knowledge and the influencing factors thereof in the sampled population of Addis Ababa.


METHODS

Design:Cross-sectional Study

Setting:Stratified random samples of community pharmacies were selected as study sites. Included community pharmacies both public and private located at different geographical locations of Addis Ababa City.


METHODSContinued

Study Population:

  • The study includes all drug consumers who came for self-medication during January to February 2004.

  • A total of 1200 convenient samples of self-medicating drug consumers were taken for the study.

    Outcome Measure(s):

  • Assess level of knowledge and perception of consumers about drugs.


RESULTS

  • Respondents consisted of Socio-demographic characteristics of all age categories of both genders; varying educational backgrounds and occupation.

  • As regards information on names of drugs, drug consumers know not only the names of OTC drugs but also of potent prescription only drugs.

  • Among the top 15 frequently recalled drugs, six were antimicrobials, namely, Ampicillin, Tetracycline, Metronidazole, Amoxicillin, Cotrimoxazole and Chloramphenicol.


RESULTS Continued

  • Drug consumers indicated preferences for dosage forms (96%); the highest being for tablets (36.5%), followed by injections (28.3%) and liquid dosage forms (20.2%).

  • Nearly half (50.4%) of drug consumers reported they quit taking the full course of medication before the date advised by the health care provider when illnesses are relieved.


Table 1: Responses of patients on various questions testing their knowledge on drugs (Addis Ababa, Jan-Feb, 2002).


Table 2: Knowledge of drug interactions of drug consumers


Table 3: The frequent reasons for discontinuation of drugs before the date advised by the health care provider


Figure 1: Dosage form preferences of drug consumers (n = 713, Addis Ababa, Jan-Feb, 2002).


CONCLUSION

  • Knowing the name of the drug alone does not necessarily mean adequate knowledge. It was evident from non-compliance on the use of drugs.

  • Adequate information and counseling should be provided to drug consumers on the drugs they request and that have to be assured.

  • The public has to be educated on the proper use of drugs.


Research Question

  • Specific research on the relationship between drug knowledge and self-medication; and drug knowledge, attitude and use (KAU).

  • Interventions research in the areas of consumers knowledge of drugs.

  • Preparation of Proper Drug Use Educational materials (to the public and to the health care providers) to encourage proper use of drugs


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