Glorious Revolution. Navigation Acts. Treaty of Tordesillas. Religious Clashes. Paleo -Indians. Salutary Neglect. Spanish Armada Defeated. Re- anglicanization. Barbados. Ottoman Turks. English Colonies. Population Growth. Cash Crops. Age of Exploration. Slavery.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Spanish Armada Defeated
Age of Exploration
Chesapeake, Middle, New England
Rise of Nations
The Great Awakening
The Duel for North America
Was “1763” a turning point in British-colonial relations?
The World Wars in Europe in America
1688-1697 War of the League of Augsburg King Wm’s War 1689-1697
1701-1713 War of Sp. Succession Queen Anne’s War 1702-1713
1740 -1748 War of Austrian Succession King George’s War 1744-1748
1756-1763 Seven Years War Fr & Indian War 1754-1763
1778-1783 The American Revolution American Revolution 1775-1783
1793-1802 Wars of the French Revolution Undeclared Fr. War 1798-1800
1803-1815 Napoleonic Wars War of 1812 1812-1814
1939-1945 World War II World War II 1941-1945
North America in 1750
1754 The First Clash
The Ohio Valley
Note these two forts!
Fort Necessity Fort Duquesne* George Washington * Delaware & Shawnee Indians
Ben Franklin à representatives from New England, NY, MD, PA
Albany Congress failed Iroquois broke off relations with Britain & threatened to trade with the French.
Gen. Edward Braddock evict the French from the OH Valley & Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)
1756 British-American Colonial Tensions
1757 William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
-col. loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs.
-Lord Loudoun would be removed.
- appoints James Wolfe to command
RESULTS?Colonial morale increased by 1758.
1758-1761 The Tide Turns for England
*By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr.
1763 Treaty of Paris
France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River.
Spain -->got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England.
England -->got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominance in India.
North America in 1763
Worksheet Fr. & Ind. War Transforms Colonial Relations in N. America
The first four years saw nothing but severe reverses for the British regulars and American colonials, primarily because of superior French land forces in the New World. Lack of colonial assistance to the war effort compounded British problems. By the end of 1757, however, the course of the war began to be altered by three major influences.
One was the dynamic leadership of the British prime minister, William Pitt the Elder, who saw that victory in North America was the supreme task in the worldwide struggle and who has been truly called the organizer of victory in the Great War for the Empire.
The second was the increasing superiority of British financial and industrial resources, food supplies, and naval equipment, as opposed to growing national bankruptcy and economic paralysis faced by France.
Finally, both the British and Americans were becoming seasoned wilderness fighters.
English-French rivalry worldwide
World War b/w two powerful empires
English, w/ colonial help, fight Fr. And their Native American allies
Fr. Finally lose war & are expelled from N. America
Eng. Inherit vast new land holdings in N. America
Jot this on the top of your page.
Quickly list the 5 major causes that follow
Effects of the War on Britain?
It doubled the size of Britain’s North American territory and it must be governed
2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. They will have to pay to maintain and control this vast empire. To make matters worse, citizens in Great Britain were already heavily taxed.
Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Intractable American colonists were not about to accept restrictions on their activities. Some colonists, in fact, were beginning to compete effectively with British capitalists and refused to subordinate their economic interests to those of British manufacturers.
Hostile NA in the Appalachian region, who felt threatened by American westward expansion into the Ohio River Valley, needed to be controlled. - Pontiac’s Rebellion
Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary!
Effects of the War on the American Colonials
1.It united them against a common enemy for the first time.
2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated.
3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify.
Stamp Act Crisis
Loyal Nine- 1765
Sons of Liberty– began in NYC:Samuel Adams
No tax collectors
Stamp Act Congress– 1765*Stamp Act Resolves
Declaratory Act– 1766
Townshend Duties Crisis: 1767-1770
: William Pitt, P. M. Charles Townshend, Secretary of the Exchequer (Champagne Charlie).
Colonial Response to the Townshend Duties
1.John Dickinson 1768 * Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania. Like most Americans, no argument w/ Britain’s right to regulate colonial trade but he did argue with Britain’s right to tax colonists to raise revenue
2.1768 2nd non-importation movement:
3.Riots against customs agents:*John Hancock’s ship, the Liberty.* 4000 British troops sent to Boston.
The more radical delegates used Thomas Jefferson’s A Summary View of the Rights of British America to post the following ideas
For the first time,
many colonists began calling people
who joined the non-importation