A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in eastern and western european states
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A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in Eastern and Western European states. Laura Banks Research Fellow HSPRC, University of Brighton [email protected] With Dr Phil Haynes and Professor Michael Hill

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A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in eastern and western european states

A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in Eastern and Western European states

Laura Banks

Research Fellow

HSPRC, University of Brighton

[email protected]

With Dr Phil Haynes and Professor Michael Hill

This work is supported by UK ESRC research grant: RES-000-22-2114


Background to project

Background to project

  • Comparing older people’s social networks in 18 countries including 3 Eastern European (and 5 non-European)

  • Using a 50+ sample from the ISSP 2001 dataset

  • Key variables include contact with close and extended relatives, friends and social and community groups.


Research questions

Research Questions

  • What are the differences in the level of family contact between Western and Eastern Europe?

  • Which social factors are associated with the differences in family contact?

  • marital status

  • household and family size

  • geographical mobility

  • other social networks (friends and social participation)

  • employment

  • attitudes to caring

  • national expenditure on care

  • national prosperity


Frequency of family contact

Frequency of family contact

  • How often see adult child


See adult child at least once a week

% see adult child at least once a week


See adult child at least once a week1

% see adult child at least once a week


Factor analysis score on contact with close relatives

Factor analysis score on contact with close relatives


Laura banks research fellow hsprc university of brighton l c banks brighton ac uk

Close relative factor score


Close relative factor score

Close relative factor score


Who would turn to spouse first for help when ill

% who would turn to spouse first for help when ill

r= -0.682 p=0.10


Who would turn to adult child first for help when ill

% who would turn to adult child first for help when ill


Relationship between divorce rate oecd and family contact

Relationship between divorce rate (OECD) and family contact

r= -0.666 p= 0.013


Household size

Household size


Relationship between living in a 3 household and family contact

Relationship between % living in a 3+ household and family contact

r=0.916 p<0.0005


People living in single person households who see adult child once a month

% people living in single person households who see adult child < once a month


Relationship between length of time in locality and family contact

Relationship between length of time in locality and family contact

r=0.760 p=0.003


Close friends

Close friends


Relationship between number of close friends and family contact

Relationship between number of close friends and family contact

r =-0.623 p =0.023


Social participation

Social participation


Relationship between social participation and family contact

Relationship between social participation and family contact

r=-0.844 p<0.0005


Relationship between female labour participation and family contact

Relationship between female labour participation and family contact

r= 0.731 p=0.005


Relationship between female labour participation eurostat and family contact

Relationship between female labour participation (Eurostat) and family contact

r= -0.812 p=0.001


Relationship between attitudes on the duty of care and family contact

Relationship between attitudes on the ‘duty’ of care and family contact

r=0.648 p=0.017


Relationship between public spending on care and family contact

Relationship between public spending on care and family contact

r= -0.840 p=0.018


Relationship between 65 in ltc institutions and family contact

Relationship between % 65+ in ltc institutions and family contact

r= -0.784 p= 0.004


Relationship between gdp per head and family contact

Relationship between GDP per head and family contact

r= -0.579 p=0.036


Summary

Summary

In comparison with Western Europe, respondents from Eastern Europe were more likely to:

  • Have higher levels of family contact

  • Turn first to an adult child for support when ill (even when controlling for marital status)

  • Live in larger households and (when controlling for marital status) less likely to live in a single person household, despite having fewer children on average

  • Have lived in the same town or community for a longer period of time

  • Report having a smaller number of close friends

  • Report having lower participation in social and community groups and organisations

  • Have a lower rate of female labour market participation

  • Agree with the belief that adult children have a duty to look after their parents in old age

  • Be living in a country with relatively low GDP per head and low public expenditure on long-term care as a percentage of GDP

    However, family contact was still significantly higher in Southern Europe


Factors most significantly associated with high family contact

Factors most significantly associated with high family contact

  • Social participation (r= -0.844)

  • Length of time in community (r= +0.760)

  • % of female respondents in employment (r= -0.731)

  • Public expenditure on long-term care (r= -0.840)

  • % of 65+ in long-term care institutions (r= -0.784)


A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in eastern and western european states1

A comparative analysis of social networks among older people in Eastern and Western European states

Laura Banks

Research Fellow

HSPRC, University of Brighton

[email protected]

With Dr Phil Haynes and Professor Michael Hill

This work is supported by UK ESRC research grant: RES-000-22-2114


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