improvement in material conditions
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Improvement in material conditions.

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 61

Improvement in material conditions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on

Improvement in material conditions. development. Developed regions include South Pacific, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Anglo-America, and Japan. Less developed regions: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. The gap between LDCs and MDCs per capita GDP is. widening.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Improvement in material conditions.' - meli


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
developed regions include south pacific eastern europe western europe anglo america and japan

Developed regions include South Pacific, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Anglo-America, and Japan

Less developed regions: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia

gross domestic product

gross domestic product

The value of total output of goods and services in a country annually

countries with very low per capita gdp such as sudan s 400 a year in 1995 are

Countries with very low per capita GDP such as Sudan’s $400 a year in 1995 are

Less developed countries

per capita gdp is not a good indicator of the distribution wealth in a country

Per capita GDP is not a good indicator of the distribution wealth in a country

It is a good indicator of countries below the poverty level, potential of providing all citizens with a comfortable life, material well being in a country, and spatial distribution of global wealth

examples of primary sector activities

Examples of primary sector activities:

Agriculture, mining, fishing, logging

slide10

Tertiary sector activities include government, banking, retail, information systems, and producer services

Secondary sector jobs would include construction and manufacturing jobs

china has a large percentage of it s population involved in agriculture this indicates that

China has a large percentage of it’s population involved in agriculture, this indicates that

most people must produce food for their own survival.

value added

value added

The value of a product minus the costs of raw materials and energy.

today european countries obtain raw materials

Today, European countries obtain raw materials

through the purchase from less developed countries

in less developed countries consumer goods are only available to the

In less developed countries, consumer goods are only available to the

minority who have enough wealth to purchase such items as telephones, televisions, and motor vehicles.

mdcs spend a lower percentage of gdp on education than ldcs

MDCs have higher rates of these educational characteristics: literacy rates, teachers per pupil, number of years attending school, and spending per student.

MDCs spend a lower percentage of GDP on education than LDCs

slide20

Infant mortality, literacy rate, natural increase rate and age structure are indicators of a country’s development.

Crude death rate is not an indicator

low literacy rates is a major problem

The following are not major health care problems in Africa and Asia: high ratio of nurses and doctors to patients, inadequate supply of calories and proteins, defective drugs, lack of social security benefits for the elderly.

Low literacy rates is a major problem

correlating economic social and demographic indicators of development shows that

Correlating economic, social, and demographic indicators of development shows that

different indicators of development are associated with each other

ldcs do not have lower dependency rates

LDCs have the following characteristics: lower percentage of elderly, higher percentage of children under the age of fifteen, higher crude birth rates, and shorter life expectancy.

LDCs do not have lower dependency rates

slide24

The Anglo-American region is world’s leading provider entertainment, food, financial and management services, and sports

Petroleum would not be a major raw material of the Anglo-American region

specialization in consumer oriented products was not a characteristic

Under communism, Eastern Europe was characterized by government decisions on national economies, most social and demographic indicators became comparable to Western Europe, investment in heavy industries, and favorable balances between population and resources.

Specialization in consumer-oriented products was not a characteristic

the major asset of eastern europe is

The major asset of Eastern Europe is

Abundant reserves of raw materials

where are most of the petroleum reserves in the middle east located

Where are most of the petroleum reserves in the Middle East located?

Clustered primarily in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf States

the less developed region with the highest percentage of people living in urban areas is

The less developed region with the highest percentage of people living in urban areas is

Latin America

there was no fear of famine

After 1949 the Chinese people were subjected to increasing amounts of emphasis on rural life, government assignment of specific task to farmers, distribution of food according to need, and control of agricultural land.

There was no fear of famine

lack of monsoon rains are not a factor

Development prospects are limited in Sub-Saharan Africa because of colonial legacy, capacity of land to produce food, overworked land and declining output, and poor leadership.

Lack of monsoon rains are not a factor

according to rostow s development model the process of development begins when

According to Rostow’s development model, the process of development begins when

an elite group initiates innovative activities.

imports to be limited should not be identified

According to the international trade approach to development, a country should identify the following assets: international consumer preferences, high quality manufactured goods, abundant agricultural products, and abundant mineral resources.

Imports to be limited should not be identified

unequal distribution of resources

Unequal distribution of resources

is the biggest problem in promoting through the international trade alternative.

saudi arabia has successfully employed the international trade alternative primarily because of

Saudi Arabia has successfully employed the international trade alternative primarily because of

petroleum reserves

china is not a leading banking center in asia

The following are economic changes in China during the 21st century: China is now the world’s largest market for personal consumer products, their manufacturing is driving down prices on consumer goods world wide, low factory wages are driving down wages world wide, and their manufacturing sector is now the world’s second largest.

China is not a leading banking center in Asia

the self sufficiency approach to development

The self-sufficiency approach to development

Spreads investment through all sectors of the economy

traditional barriers to international investment have included

Traditional barriers to international investment have included

Requiring licenses for importers.

in recent years countries such as india

In recent years, countries such as India

Embraced the international trade model

slide46

The following are indicators of global gender inequality: female literacy is much lower than males in Sub-Saharan Africa, women hold less that one-forth of managerial jobs in LDCs, women have much lower incomes than men in LDCs, women on average have two-thirds of the income of men in MDCs.

Female life-expectancy is less than males in every country of the world is not an indicator of global gender inequality.

the principal benefit of the self sufficiency approach is to promote

The principal benefit of the self-sufficiency approach is to promote

balanced growth of all economic sectors.

protection of workers rights is a high priority for multinational corporations

Protection of workers’ rights is a high priority for multinational corporations

is not a characteristic of the Fair Trade movement.

the biggest problem faced by less developed countries in financing development is

The biggest problem faced by less developed countries in financing development is

Inabilityto pay loans.

slide50

What do critics charge are some effects of Structural Adjustment Programs for refinancing loans to LDCs?

Workers in state enterprises losing their jobs and support for dependent citizens being cut.

ad