Improvement in material conditions. development. Developed regions include South Pacific, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Anglo-America, and Japan. Less developed regions: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. The gap between LDCs and MDCs per capita GDP is. widening.
Less developed regions: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia
in peripheral locations
The value of total output of goods and services in a country annually
Less developed countries
It is a good indicator of countries below the poverty level, potential of providing all citizens with a comfortable life, material well being in a country, and spatial distribution of global wealth
Agriculture, mining, fishing, logging
tertiary sector activity
Secondary sector jobs would include construction and manufacturing jobs
Tertiary sector of the economy
most people must produce food for their own survival.
People are more productive
The value of a product minus the costs of raw materials and energy.
through the purchase from less developed countries
minority who have enough wealth to purchase such items as telephones, televisions, and motor vehicles.
MDCs have higher rates of these educational characteristics: literacy rates, teachers per pupil, number of years attending school, and spending per student.
MDCs spend a lower percentage of GDP on education than LDCs
Crude death rate is not an indicator
The following are not major health care problems in Africa and Asia: high ratio of nurses and doctors to patients, inadequate supply of calories and proteins, defective drugs, lack of social security benefits for the elderly.
Low literacy rates is a major problem
different indicators of development are associated with each other
LDCs have the following characteristics: lower percentage of elderly, higher percentage of children under the age of fifteen, higher crude birth rates, and shorter life expectancy.
LDCs do not have lower dependency rates
Petroleum would not be a major raw material of the Anglo-American region
Under communism, Eastern Europe was characterized by government decisions on national economies, most social and demographic indicators became comparable to Western Europe, investment in heavy industries, and favorable balances between population and resources.
Specialization in consumer-oriented products was not a characteristic
Abundant reserves of raw materials
an abundant supply of labor
Clustered primarily in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf States
Southern South America
After 1949 the Chinese people were subjected to increasing amounts of emphasis on rural life, government assignment of specific task to farmers, distribution of food according to need, and control of agricultural land.
There was no fear of famine
arrival of the monsoon.
Development prospects are limited in Sub-Saharan Africa because of colonial legacy, capacity of land to produce food, overworked land and declining output, and poor leadership.
Lack of monsoon rains are not a factor
an elite group initiates innovative activities.
According to the international trade approach to development, a country should identify the following assets: international consumer preferences, high quality manufactured goods, abundant agricultural products, and abundant mineral resources.
Imports to be limited should not be identified
is the biggest problem in promoting through the international trade alternative.
The following are economic changes in China during the 21st century: China is now the world’s largest market for personal consumer products, their manufacturing is driving down prices on consumer goods world wide, low factory wages are driving down wages world wide, and their manufacturing sector is now the world’s second largest.
China is not a leading banking center in Asia
Spreads investment through all sectors of the economy
Requiring licenses for importers.
Embraced the international trade model
The following are indicators of global gender inequality: female literacy is much lower than males in Sub-Saharan Africa, women hold less that one-forth of managerial jobs in LDCs, women have much lower incomes than men in LDCs, women on average have two-thirds of the income of men in MDCs.
Female life-expectancy is less than males in every country of the world is not an indicator of global gender inequality.
balanced growth of all economic sectors.
is not a characteristic of the Fair Trade movement.
Inabilityto pay loans.
Workers in state enterprises losing their jobs and support for dependent citizens being cut.