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Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project. Overview of project and Geoprocessing. What is an MPA? . An area set aside for conservation. www.mpa.org. MPA Definition . Federal Definition

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Marine protected areas mpa project l.jpg

Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project

Overview of project and Geoprocessing


What is an mpa l.jpg
What is an MPA?

An area set aside for conservation

www.mpa.org


Mpa definition l.jpg
MPA Definition

  • Federal Definition

  • MPA is a general term for places given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, federal or tribal authorities national parks

    • wildlife refuges

    • Monuments

    • marine sanctuaries

    • fisheries closures

    • critical habitat

    • habitat areas of particular concern

    • state parks,

    • conservation areas

      estuarine reserves and preserves

http://www.mpa.gov/what_is_an_mpa/definition.html


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MPA Definition

  • Constancy of Protection

    • Year-Round

    • Seasonal

    • Rolling

  • Scale of Protection

    • Ecosystem

    • Focal Resource

  • Allowed Extractive Activities

    • Commercial Fishing

    • Recreational Fishing

    • Subsistence Hunting/Fishing

    • Scientific/Educational Collecting

    • Mineral/Energy Extraction

    • Other

  • Primary Conservation Goal

    • Natural Heritage

    • Cultural Heritage

    • Sustainable Production

  • Level of Protection

    • No Access

    • No Impact

    • No Take

    • Zoned With No-Take Areas

    • Zoned Multiple Use

    • Uniform Multiple Use

  • Permanence of Protection

    • Permanent

    • Conditional

    • Temporary

http://www.mpa.gov/what_is_an_mpa/definition.html


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Fisheries management tools

  • Management tools for fisheries

    • Quotas – how many

    • Size limits – how big

    • Gear restrictions – trawling prohibited within shoreline to 3 mi

    • Time based restrictions

    • Spatially (place) based –

      • Rockfish conservation areas

      • Cowcod conservation areas

      • Marine protected areas


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California's MPAs - Marine Life Management Act

  • 1999 - California State Legislature direct the state to design a network marine protected areas

  • MPA – six classifications

    • State Marine Reserves

      • No take

    • State Marine Park

      • Some recreational fishing allowed

    • State Marine Conservation Areas

      • Some recreational and commercial fishing allowed

http://www.dfg.ca.gov/mrd/mlma/index.html


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California's MPAs - Marine Life Management Act

  • Central Coast Project (Point Conception to Pigeon Point)

    • Proposed network of MPAs from Point Conception to Pigeon Point by 2006

    • Rest of the coast between 2006-2011

    • Public input critical!

    • Stakeholders (recreational angling and diving, commercial fishing, ports and harbors, conservation, business )

http://www.dfg.ca.gov/mrd/mlma/index.html


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California’s Fisheries

  • Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFin)

    • Fishery catch reported by the commercial industry

      • Landings (lbs)

      • Species

      • Year

      • Location (10 nm blocks)

http://www.psmfc.org/pacfin/overview.html


Your mission is to select mpas that consists 1 and 2 contiguous fishing blocks that l.jpg
Your mission is to select MPAs that consists 1 and 2 contiguous fishing blocks that:

  • Have a depth equal to or less than 1200 m

  • The bottom substrate is either hard or mixed

  • Is more than 25 nautical miles from Moss Landing and Morro Bay

  • Will not heavily impact fishers


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New Tools you will use: contiguous fishing blocks that:

  • Geoprocessing – in ArcTool Box

    • Dissolve

    • Merge

    • Intersect

    • Clip

    • Buffers

  • Summarizing Tables

  • Joining Tables

  • Model Builder


Merge l.jpg

Combines input features from multiple input sources (of the same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

Merge

Data Management Tools> General > Merge


Intersect l.jpg
Intersect same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

This tool builds a new feature class from the intersecting features common in both feature classes. It retains the attributes of both feature classes.

Analysis Tools> Overlay > Intersect


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Clip same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

  • This tool uses a polygon boundary to cut features and their attributes from a feature class.

Works like a cookie cutter.

Analysis Tools> Extract > Clip


Buffer l.jpg
Buffer same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

  • This tool creates a new feature class of buffer polygons around either polygon, line, or point features.

Analysis Tools> Proximity > Buffer


Dissolve l.jpg
Dissolve same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

  • This tool combines like features based on a specified attribute or attributes.

Data Management Tools> Generalization > Dissolve


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