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Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project. Overview of project and Geoprocessing. What is an MPA? . An area set aside for conservation. www.mpa.org. MPA Definition . Federal Definition

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Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project

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Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Project

Overview of project and Geoprocessing


What is an MPA?

An area set aside for conservation

www.mpa.org


MPA Definition

  • Federal Definition

  • MPA is a general term for places given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, federal or tribal authorities national parks

    • wildlife refuges

    • Monuments

    • marine sanctuaries

    • fisheries closures

    • critical habitat

    • habitat areas of particular concern

    • state parks,

    • conservation areas

      estuarine reserves and preserves

http://www.mpa.gov/what_is_an_mpa/definition.html


MPA Definition

  • Constancy of Protection

    • Year-Round

    • Seasonal

    • Rolling

  • Scale of Protection

    • Ecosystem

    • Focal Resource

  • Allowed Extractive Activities

    • Commercial Fishing

    • Recreational Fishing

    • Subsistence Hunting/Fishing

    • Scientific/Educational Collecting

    • Mineral/Energy Extraction

    • Other

  • Primary Conservation Goal

    • Natural Heritage

    • Cultural Heritage

    • Sustainable Production

  • Level of Protection

    • No Access

    • No Impact

    • No Take

    • Zoned With No-Take Areas

    • Zoned Multiple Use

    • Uniform Multiple Use

  • Permanence of Protection

    • Permanent

    • Conditional

    • Temporary

http://www.mpa.gov/what_is_an_mpa/definition.html


Fisheries management tools

  • Management tools for fisheries

    • Quotas – how many

    • Size limits – how big

    • Gear restrictions – trawling prohibited within shoreline to 3 mi

    • Time based restrictions

    • Spatially (place) based –

      • Rockfish conservation areas

      • Cowcod conservation areas

      • Marine protected areas


California's MPAs - Marine Life Management Act

  • 1999 - California State Legislature direct the state to design a network marine protected areas

  • MPA – six classifications

    • State Marine Reserves

      • No take

    • State Marine Park

      • Some recreational fishing allowed

    • State Marine Conservation Areas

      • Some recreational and commercial fishing allowed

http://www.dfg.ca.gov/mrd/mlma/index.html


California's MPAs - Marine Life Management Act

  • Central Coast Project (Point Conception to Pigeon Point)

    • Proposed network of MPAs from Point Conception to Pigeon Point by 2006

    • Rest of the coast between 2006-2011

    • Public input critical!

    • Stakeholders (recreational angling and diving, commercial fishing, ports and harbors, conservation, business )

http://www.dfg.ca.gov/mrd/mlma/index.html


California’s Fisheries

  • Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFin)

    • Fishery catch reported by the commercial industry

      • Landings (lbs)

      • Species

      • Year

      • Location (10 nm blocks)

http://www.psmfc.org/pacfin/overview.html


Your mission is to select MPAs that consists 1 and 2 contiguous fishing blocks that:

  • Have a depth equal to or less than 1200 m

  • The bottom substrate is either hard or mixed

  • Is more than 25 nautical miles from Moss Landing and Morro Bay

  • Will not heavily impact fishers


New Tools you will use:

  • Geoprocessing – in ArcTool Box

    • Dissolve

    • Merge

    • Intersect

    • Clip

    • Buffers

  • Summarizing Tables

  • Joining Tables

  • Model Builder


Combines input features from multiple input sources (of the same data type) into a single, new, output feature class. The input data sources may be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.

Merge

Data Management Tools> General > Merge


Intersect

This tool builds a new feature class from the intersecting features common in both feature classes. It retains the attributes of both feature classes.

Analysis Tools> Overlay > Intersect


Clip

  • This tool uses a polygon boundary to cut features and their attributes from a feature class.

Works like a cookie cutter.

Analysis Tools> Extract > Clip


Buffer

  • This tool creates a new feature class of buffer polygons around either polygon, line, or point features.

Analysis Tools> Proximity > Buffer


Dissolve

  • This tool combines like features based on a specified attribute or attributes.

Data Management Tools> Generalization > Dissolve


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