GREEN STREETS

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GREEN STREETS

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1. GREEN STREETS Geoffrey Anderson CEO/President Smart Growth America

3. What is a Complete Street? A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit.

4. Why do we need to Complete the Streets? State Street, Santa BarbaraState Street, Santa Barbara

5. Americans want to walk and bike more 52% of Americans want to bike more than they do now.

6. Americans want to walk and bike more 55% of Americans would prefer to drive less and walk more

7. About one-third of Americans do not drive: 21% of Americans over 65. All children under 16. Many low income Americans cannot afford automobiles.

8. Streets are inadequate: No sidewalks

9. Streets are inadequate: Too narrow to share with bikes

10. Streets are inadequate:

11. Streets are inadequate:

12. Streets are inadequate:

13. Streets are inadequate No room for bikes or pedestrians

14. Streets are inadequate

15. We know how to build right

17. Yet too many roads still turn out like this

18. Streets are inadequate 25% of walking trips take place on roads without sidewalks or shoulders Bike lanes are available for only about 5% of bike trips

19. Top pedestrian complaints are incomplete streets

20. Top bicyclist complaints are incomplete streets

21. Incomplete streets are unsafe.

22. Incomplete streets

23. Complete streets

24. What is a Complete Streets policy? A complete streets policy ensures that the entire right of way is routinely designed and operated to enable safe access for all users.

25. Complete streets policies provide for: Pedestrians Bicyclists Transit Motorists Travelers of all ages and abilities

26. Why have a complete streets policy? To gradually create a complete network of roads that serve all users “Complete Streets” is about a network; it’s not just a single “complete street”. The policy should be to change the practice of street network planning AND the design of the streets themselves.“Complete Streets” is about a network; it’s not just a single “complete street”. The policy should be to change the practice of street network planning AND the design of the streets themselves.

27. Why have a complete streets policy? To change practice, integrating the needs of all road users into everyday transportation planning practices To be sure current transportation projects begins creating better streets now. We are never going to get there if we have to create a special pot of money; using current resourcesWe are never going to get there if we have to create a special pot of money; using current resources

28. An ideal complete streets policy: Is inclusive of all modes Applies to new construction & reconstruction Clarifies senior manager approval for exceptions Specifies and limits exceptions allowed Is context-sensitive Uses latest design standards & is flexible Sets performance standards

29. Complete streets are essential to smart growth Complete streets policies ‘pave the way’ for future walkable development They invest traditional highway funds in meeting basic smart-growth principles.

30. Some Existing Policies Complete Streets policies come in many forms.Complete Streets policies come in many forms.

31. Completing the Streets: State Action Oregon state law: “footpaths and bicycle trails… shall be provided wherever a highway, road or street is being constructed, reconstructed, or relocated.” minimum of 1% of state transportation funds go to bicycling and walking.

32. Massachusetts Project Development & Design Guide “A guiding principle of the Guidebook is that the roadway system of the Commonwealth should safely accommodate all users of the public right-of-way, including: pedestrians, people requiring mobility aids… Bicyclists, drivers and passengers of transit vehicles, trucks, automobiles and motorcycles.”

33. Completing the Streets: Local Action “The safety and convenience of all users of the transportation system including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, freight, and motor vehicle drivers shall be accommodated and BALANCED in all transportation and development projects and through all phases of a project SO THAT…

34. Completing the Streets: Local Action SO THAT even the most vulnerable- children, elderly, and persons with disabilities- can travel safely within the public right-of-way” -City of Chicago Complete Streets Policy

35. Completing the Streets: Local Action Boulder, Colorado is building all arterials as multi-modal corridors for auto, pedestrian, bicycle, and transit.

36. Charlotte NC Street Design Standards Urban Street Design Standards: A six-step process for considering and balancing the needs of all users.

38. Implementation: from policy to practice Four steps to implementationFour steps to implementation

39. New training for planners and engineers An effective policy should result in:

40. An effective policy should result in:

41. Charlotte NC Street Design Standards Urban Street Design Standards: A six-step process for considering and balancing the needs of all users.

42. Re-written design manuals An effective policy should result in:

43. Massachusetts Project Development & Design Guide

44. New measures to track success An effective policy should result in:

45. The many types of Complete Streets

46. The many types of Complete Streets

47. The many types of Complete Streets

48. The many types of Complete Streets

49. The many types of Complete Streets

50. The many types of Complete Streets

51. The many types of Complete Streets

53. Benefits: for safety Designing intersections for pedestrian travel can reduce pedestrian risk by 28%

54. Europe has more bike-ped travel

55. …And far fewer deaths

58. Benefits: for older Americans

59. Benefits: for older Americans 21% of Americans over 65 do not drive More than 50% of non-drivers stay at home on a given day because they lack transportation options.

60. Benefits: for encouraging healthy activity Walking and bicycling help prevent obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and colon cancer. Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks.

61. Benefits: for people with disabilities 20% of Americans have a disability that limits their daily activities. Complete Streets have curb cuts and other features for disabled travelers. Complete Streets reduce isolation and dependence.

62. Benefits: A more effective use of funds for transit providers A single year of paratransit service for a daily commuter: $38,500 Permanent improvements to make a transit stop accessible: $7,000 - $58,000 Paratransit extremely expensive; some trips occur because there is no accessibility Image location (top): Image location (top): Paratransit extremely expensive; some trips occur because there is no accessibility Image location (top): Image location (top):

63. Benefits: the environment Global warming; fewer trip benefits Image location: It doesn’t matter – it’s not a placeGlobal warming; fewer trip benefits Image location: It doesn’t matter – it’s not a place

64. Benefits: for reducing traffic Of all trips in metro areas: 50% -- less than 3 miles 28% -- less than 1 mile 65% of trips under 1 mile are now taken by automobile 2001 NHTS

65. Benefits: for economic activity Multi modal streets have higher value; no definitive study, but lots of stories; people coming back after street improvement to say house values have increased. Mention main street program Image location: Broadway, Portland, ORMulti modal streets have higher value; no definitive study, but lots of stories; people coming back after street improvement to say house values have increased. Mention main street program Image location: Broadway, Portland, OR

67. Benefits: for reducing greenhouse gases

68. National Complete Streets Coalition Steering Committee AARP APBP Active Living by Design America Bikes America Walks American Council of the Blind American Planning Association American Public Transportation Association American Society of Landscape Architects

69. For More Information: www.completestreets.org Links to success stories & existing policies How-to Tools Resources: power-point, brochures Newsletter sign up

70. NE35th & Siskiyou Street Filter Strips Project, Portland, OR Creating Livable Streets

71. NE35th & Siskiyou Street Filter Strips Project, Portland, OR Creating Livable Streets

72. NE35th & Siskiyou Street Filter Strips Project, Portland, OR Creating Livable Streets

74. Bio-Retention - Example Project Street Planters - SW 12th St, Portland, OR

75. Bio-Retention - Example Project Street Planters - SW 12th Street, Portland, OR

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