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1. 2. Brief Survey of Chinese Language. Content. Chinese Sound System - Pinyin. 四大文明古国. Is China a homogeneous country? . Mandarin Chinese on wikipedia. Chinese dialects https :// maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=209514636316471282648.0004a7e7cb3ebf7d14e93&msa=0

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Content

1

2

Brief Survey of Chinese Language

Content

Chinese Sound System - Pinyin

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

四大文明古国

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

Is China a homogeneous country?

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

Mandarin Chinese on wikipedia

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

Chinese dialects

https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=209514636316471282648.0004a7e7cb3ebf7d14e93&msa=0

Click the city‘s namesand listen to the dialects. They all mean “I am a Chinese student, want to go to study in the United States, and you?” (我是一个中国学生,我想去美国留学,你呢?)

Special thanks to Huini Eder, Tina Zhang, Mia, Yijin Wert for their contributions on the recording.

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Chinese language

Chinese Language

Examples of Chinese languageknown to the world

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Chinese sound system pinyin

Chinese Sound System - Pinyin

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Can you pronounce them

Can you pronounce them?

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


What is pinyin

What is Pinyin?

Pinyin is the most common Standard Mandarin

Romanization system in use.

The correspondence between letter and sound does not follow any single other language, but do not depart any more from the norms of the Latin alphabet than many European languages.

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Value of learning pinyin

Value of learning Pinyin

You will be able to …

  • Speak Mandarin Chinese

  • Learn Chinese characters

  • Look up new characters from a dictionary

  • Type Chinese on a computer

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Image sound

Image & Sound

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


En vs ch examples

En vs. CH Examples

Vowel "a" in English can be pronounced as ə(in the word American), it can also pronounced as [a] (in the word apple, bad)

Final "a" in Chinese always is pronounced as"a"

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


En vs ch

EN vs. CH

You might be able to spell out an English word by only listening to its pronunciation, even you have never learned that word before.

You will never be able to write a character by only listening to it, if you have never learned how to write it.

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


More examples

More Examples

English text

Chinese text

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_language

IC Introduction (Pinyin)

汉语,指汉民族的语言。它可被认作一种语言或一个语系,属于汉藏语系。

Chineseor the Sinitic language(s) can be considered a language or language family[3]. Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China, it forms one of the two branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages.


Father of pinyin

Father of Pinyin – 周有光

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2008/feb/20/zhaou.youguang.pinyin

Use this tool to write Pinyin directly on your computer

http://www.chinese-tools.com/tools/pinyin-editor.html

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


1 syllable initial final tone

1 Syllable = Initial + Final + Tone

Tone

Final

Initial

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Syllabic structure

Syllabic structure

  • One character = One syllable

    σσσ

    initial final initial final initial final

    Ø a d a l iang

    e.g. 啊、阿 e.g. 大、打e.g. 两、凉

In the past, America was translated into four characters based on its phonetic, listen: 阿美利加

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Initials

Initials

There twenty-one initials

b p m f

d t n l

g k h

j q x

z c s

zhch sh r

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Finals

Finals

  • There are 6simple finals

    a o e i u ü

  • There are 30complex finals

    aieiaoou

    an enangengong

    iaiaoieiu (iou)ian in iangingiong

    uauouaiui (uei)uanun (uen)uangueng

    üeüanün

    er

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Combination of initials and finals

Combination of initials and finals

  • Not every initial can combine with every final

  • There are only 413 combinations are used to represent thousands of Chinese characters

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Initials and finals summary

Initials and Finals Summary

Q: Pinyin uses 25 of the 26 English letters. Which of the English letter is not used in Pinyin?

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Chinese tones

Chinese Tones

  • Four tones

  • Neutral tone

    A neutral tone is pronounced briefly and softly, and the pitch value is determined by the stressed syllable

    e.gMāma ‘mother’-- when occurs after the first tone, the tone value is 2

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Tone marks

Tone marks

  • Four tones

    First tone (¯) 1

    Second tone (´) 2

    Third tone (ˇ) 3

    Fourth tone (ˋ) 4

  • Neutral tone 0/5

    No tone marks on the neutral tone

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Four tones and neutral tone

Four Tones and Neutral Tone

mā má mǎ mà ma

妈麻

马骂

mother

flex

horse

curse

Particle

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Tone marks1

Tone Marks

  • Tone basically marks on the main vowel of a syllable.

  • Main vowel sequence: a  o  e i  u ü

    Exception: when i and u are combined into a syllable, the tone marks on the second vowel e.giù , uì

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Pronunciations of initials and finals

Pronunciations of initials and finals

Finals

a

o

e

Online learning from Confucius Institute: http://kid.chinese.cn/pinyin/index.html

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Pronunciations of initials and finals1

Pronunciations of initials and finals

Finals

i

u

ü

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Pronunciations of initials and finals2

Pronunciations of initials and finals

Initials

mo

fo

bo

po

ne

de

te

le

ge

ke

he

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

  • gēgedìdi

a o e i u ü

b p m f d t n l g k h

  • wǒnǐtā

  • kēgēhē

  • kūhūgū

  • bopo mo fo

  • lùlǜ

  • nǔnǚ

  • māmabàba

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

ai

ei

ao

ou

Complex Finals

an

en

ang

eng

ong

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

qi

ji

xi

Initials

Q1: Do you know where did the name China come from?

Q2: Do you understand why Mr. Xi and Mr. Xing have hard time living in the English speaking countries?

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

  • Initials

zi

ci

si

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

Initials

zhi

chi

shi

ri

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

  • aieiaoouan enang eng ong

    j q x zcs zhchshr

  • jīqīxī

  • shāzhāchā

  • sāzācā

  • zīcīsī

  • zhīchīshī

  • zècè

  • zhèchèshè

  • rèrùrì

  • nǐhǎo

  • lǎoshīhǎo

  • shàngkè

  • dǎkāishū

  • dǒngbùdǒng?

  • wǒbùdǒng

  • dǒng le

  • gēnwǒdú

  • hěnhǎo

  • qǐngwèn

  • zhèshìshén me?

  • nàshìshén me?

  • qǐngnǐgěiwǒ...

  • qǐngnǐgàosùwǒ.....

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

Combination of finals

iaiaoiei(o)uian in

iangingiong

uauouai u(e)iuanu(e)n uangueng

üeüanüner

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

If there’s no initial before i, u, and ü, they are written as follows:

  • iiaiaoieiouianiangining

    = yiyayaoye youyanyangyinying

  • uuauaiueiuanuanguenueng

    = wuwawaiweiwanwangwenweng

  • üüeüanün

    = yuyueyuanyun

IC Introduction (Pinyin)


Content

  • The final 'iou' changes into the form 'iu' when spelt with an initial.

    • iou = iu

  • The final 'uei' changes into the form 'ui' when spelt with an initial.

    • uei = ui

  • The final 'uen' changes into the form 'un' when spelt with an initial. uen = un

  • IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Content

    iaiaoiei(o)uianin iangingiong

    uauouaiu(e)iuanu(e)n uangueng

    • üeüanün

    • er

    • tóngxué

    • duìbúduì?

    • búduì / duì

    • qǐnggēnwǒshuō

    • wǒshuō, nǐmentīng

    • xiàkè

    • zuòyè

    • búcuò

    • zàishuōyíbiàn

    • …..zhōngwénzěnmeshuō?

    • ……. shìshénmeyìsi?

    • lóuluó

    • gōuguō

    • jiāqiāxiā

    • jiàoqiàoxiào

    • jiàngqiàngxiàng

    • jìngqìngxìng

    • juānquānxuān

    • juēquēxuē

    • jūnqūnxūn

    • guìkuìhuì

    • zhuōchuōshuō

    • ruò

    • érzièr

    How do I put tone marks on compound finals? Do you remember?


    Initials and finals practice

    Initials and finals practice

    Pinyin song

    Pinyin Table and games

    Self Practice and Quiz

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Pinyin spelling rules

    Pinyin Spelling Rules

    • The seven groups of single syllables cover all types of spelling in Chinese pinyin.

    • Group 1

    • The final 'iou' changes into the form 'iu' when spelt with an initial.

      • iou = iu

  • Group 2

  • The final 'uei' changes into the form 'ui' when spelt with an initial.

    • uei = ui

  • Group 3

  • The final 'uen' changes into the form 'un' when spelt with an initial.

    • uen = un

  • IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Pinyin spelling rules continued

    Pinyin Spelling Rules (continued)

    • Group 4

    • The finals in column ' ü ' should be spelt as 'u' when they are used with the initials 'j', 'q' and 'x', and also ' ü en' changes into 'un'.

      • j ü = ju

      • q ü = qu

      • x ü = xu

      • j ü en = jun

      • q ü en = qun

      • x ü en = xun

  • Group 5

  • 'i' in the syllables 'zi', 'ci' and 'si' is not the common final 'i', but a blade-alveolar vowel. The pronunciations of the syllables 'zi', 'ci' and 'si' are the same as those of the initials 'z', 'c' and 's'.

    • zi = z

    • ci = c

    • si = s

  • IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Pinyin spelling rules continued1

    Pinyin Spelling Rules (continued)

    • Group 6

    • 'i' in the syllables 'zhi', 'chi', 'shi' and 'ri' is not the common final 'i', but a blade-palatal vowel. The pronunciations of the syllables 'zhi' ,

    • 'chi', 'shi' and 'ri' are the same as those of the initials 'zh', 'ch', 'sh' and 'r'.

      • zhi = zh

      • chi = ch

      • shi = sh

      • ri = r

  • Group 7

  • When finals in the columns 'i', 'u' and ' ü ' make syllables themselves without preceding, they are written as follows:

    • i = y

    • u = w

    • ü = yu

    • To avoid confusion, an apostrophe is used to separate two syllables with connecting vowels.

    • nǚ' ér, xī' ān, tiān' ānmén


  • Tone change

    Tone Change

    • Rule 1: If a 3rd tone is followed by a 3rd tone, the first 3rd tone becomes second tone.

      nǐhǎo--> níhǎo (hello)

      xiǎocǎo-->-xiáocǎo (grass)

      lǎogǒu --> láogǒu (old dog)

    • Rule 2: If a 3rd tone is followed by any tone other than the 3rd tone (covered by rule 1) the 3rd tone changes to a "half 3rd tone." A "half 3rd tone" is one that falls, but does not rise.

      nǐbàbaduǒkāi

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Learn numbers through the eye exercise

    Learn numbers through the Eye Exercise

    http://www.china.com.cn/info/zhuanti/brand/2009-08/06/content_18291467.htm

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Listen mark tone marks

    Listen & Mark Tone Marks

    6) Zhengqi

    7) weixiao

    8) shangfeng

    9) xiangfan

    10) liangxin

    1) tongzhi

    2) meili

    3) qianjin

    4) fujian

    5) xingfu

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Learn the rhyme fill in finals mark tone marks

    Learn the Rhyme - fill in finals, mark tone marks

    1 2 3 4 5

    Sh__ng Shan Da Lao H__

    Lao Hu Da B__ Zh__ ___

    Da Dao le Xiao Song Sh __

    R__ngWoShu Yi Sh __

    Yi __r San Si W __

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Make corrections

    Make Corrections

    送        siòng西安    xian方案    fāngàn

    小    shiǎo叫      giào决           jüé破           può

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Make corrections1

    Make Corrections

    前进    jiánjièn文艺    uénì药店    yàodyàn月夜    üeiè

    论文    luènuén对流    duèilioú女装   nǔzhūang

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Matching

    外来语 - Matching

    中文

    英文

    酷kù幽浮    yōufú马达    mǎdá香槟    xiāngbīn基因    jīyīn柠檬    níngméng吉他    jítā

    土司    tǔsī汉堡    hànbǎo

    夹克    jiákè

    • Toast

    • Jacket

    • Gene

    • Guitar

    • Burger

    • UFO

    • Champagne

    • Lemo

    • Motor

    • Cool

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


    Y ng lu b n w ng

    yǒng é 咏 鹅骆 宾 王 luòbīnwáng

    é éé

    鹅 鹅 鹅,

    qūxiàngxiàngtiāngē

    曲 项 向 天 歌,

    báimáofúlǜshuǐ

    白 毛 浮 绿 水,

    hóngzhǎngbōqīngbō

    红 掌 拨 清 波.

    Learn this poem online http://v.youku.com/v_playlist/f3839422.html

    IC Introduction (Pinyin)


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