Civics Unit 5. “Elections”. I. Funding Campaigns. Private Funds - money from individual contributors, large corporations, or fundraisers limit of $2300 per person can fund own campaign w/o limit Public Funds- help by matching funds raised but has limits. PACs and Soft Money
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Private Funds- money from individual contributors, large corporations, or fundraisers
limit of $2300 per person
can fund own campaign w/o limit
Public Funds- help by matching funds raised but has limits
Political Action Committees (PACs)- interest groups that try to elect candidates ($5000 limit)
lobbyist- activist for an interest group
Soft money- unlimited money not for campaign but may help one side
Ex: Swift Boat Vets, MoveOn.org
Name and explain three different types of third-parties
What is an advantage of a multi-party system over a two-party system?
Give an example of a plank for both political parties
What is a way for PACs or other interest groups to get around campaign contribution limits?
What is the purpose of primaries in the election system?
Primaries- voting for party candidate for general election (diff. ways of counting votes- winner take all vs. divided)
Caucuses- group of people meet and select candidate
Conventions- Party members meet and pick candidate
Labor-intensive- volunteers, rallies, events
Media-driven- TV, radio, internet
Option 1: Pick a party
Pick which of our two parties you most support. Explain why you support this party. What positions of the party do you agree with and why? Are there other factors like people in gov’t or the culture of the party that affect your affiliation?
Option 2: Pick a candidate
Who will you vote for in the 2012 election, who would you have voted for and why? Think about party, personal qualifications, positions on issues, etc.
We will work on this in class on Friday.
Length- 1-1.5 Double-spaced typed pages
Media and Public Opinion
Propaganda- technique of persuasion to influence behavior
create belief good or bad
Mass media- tv, newspaper, radio, etc.
canvassing- targeting a group of people personally
Glittering generalities- values w/o explanations
Bandwagon- everybody’s doing it
Stack Cards- show one side
Just Plain Folks- show as one of the people
Name Calling- accusatory generalizations
Transfer- combine ideas to transfer attitude toward one idea to the another
Euphemisms- call things by better names
Lobbying- representatives from interest groups contacting gov’t officials to further causeII. Other Political Actions