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Civics Unit 5. “Elections”. I. Funding Campaigns. Private Funds - money from individual contributors, large corporations, or fundraisers limit of $2300 per person can fund own campaign w/o limit Public Funds- help by matching funds raised but has limits. PACs and Soft Money

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civics unit 5

Civics Unit 5


i funding campaigns
I. Funding Campaigns

Private Funds- money from individual contributors, large corporations, or fundraisers

limit of $2300 per person

can fund own campaign w/o limit

Public Funds- help by matching funds raised but has limits

PACs and Soft Money

Political Action Committees (PACs)- interest groups that try to elect candidates ($5000 limit)

lobbyist- activist for an interest group

Soft money- unlimited money not for campaign but may help one side

Ex: Swift Boat Vets,

4 01 2 review
4.01-2 Review

Name and explain three different types of third-parties

What is an advantage of a multi-party system over a two-party system?

Give an example of a plank for both political parties

What is a way for PACs or other interest groups to get around campaign contribution limits?

What is the purpose of primaries in the election system?

ii nominating candidates
II. Nominating Candidates

Primaries- voting for party candidate for general election (diff. ways of counting votes- winner take all vs. divided)

Caucuses- group of people meet and select candidate

Conventions- Party members meet and pick candidate

iii general election
III. General Election


Labor-intensive- volunteers, rallies, events

Media-driven- TV, radio, internet


Electoral College-

    • determined by number of representatives in state
    • need 270 of 538 to win; if no 270, House decides
  • Inauguration- swearing in

Option 1: Pick a party

Pick which of our two parties you most support. Explain why you support this party. What positions of the party do you agree with and why? Are there other factors like people in gov’t or the culture of the party that affect your affiliation?

Option 2: Pick a candidate

Who will you vote for in the 2012 election, who would you have voted for and why? Think about party, personal qualifications, positions on issues, etc.

We will work on this in class on Friday.

Length- 1-1.5 Double-spaced typed pages

civics unit 51

Civics Unit 5

Media and Public Opinion

i media
I. Media

Propaganda- technique of persuasion to influence behavior

create belief good or bad

Mass media- tv, newspaper, radio, etc.

canvassing- targeting a group of people personally

Methods of propaganda

Glittering generalities- values w/o explanations

Bandwagon- everybody’s doing it

Stack Cards- show one side

Just Plain Folks- show as one of the people

Name Calling- accusatory generalizations

Transfer- combine ideas to transfer attitude toward one idea to the another

Euphemisms- call things by better names

ii public opinion

Very important because reflects voting behavior

  • Public Opinion polls- collect information by asking questions
    • straw poll- unreliable, no control over who responds (ex: internet polls, voluntary polls)
    • scientific polling- get accurate information (ex: Gallup Organization or Harris Survey)
      • sample size about 1000 people
      • margin of error +3-5%
II. Public Opinion
i interest groups

Group of citizens coming together to effect public policy

  • Protected by 1st Amendment: speech, assembly, petition
  • Public Interest Groups- support causes that affect Americans in general
    • ex: League of Women’s Voters: educates voters
I. Interest Groups

Litigation- using courts to further cause

    • NRA stopping DC handgun law
  • Protest- ex: Bus Boycott against segregation
  • Recall- allow voters to remove an elected official from office
i citizenship

Def: members of a country that have rights and responsibilities

  • Citizenship by birth- born in state, territory, military base or to American parents
  • Naturalization- legal process to become a citizen
    • Must demonstrate civic and history knowledge
    • expatriation- give up citizenship
I. Citizenship

Legal Aliens (immigrants)

    • resident aliens have permanent residence in US
    • cannot vote; but pay taxes, attend schools, have legal protection
  • Illegal Aliens risk being deported- sent back to native country
ii duties of citizens

Follow laws

  • Pay taxes
  • Jury duty
  • Attending school
  • selective service (draft)- men must sign up for at age 18
II. Duties of Citizens
iii responsibilities

Democratic process

    • voting in elections
    • stay informed, participate in events, contact representatives, try to make a change
    • Must be 18, citizen, registered, and not a felon
III. Responsibilities


  • Be educated
iv modern issues
IV. Modern Issues
  • Electoral College
  • Separation of Church and State

American multiculturalism: “melting pot” vs. “tossed salad”

    • “E Pluribus Unum”- “from many one”
    • Tolerance- willingness to respect others different than yourself
    • Affirmative Action- preferences given to minorities to correct historical injustice

Pro-choice vs Pro-life

  • Homosexual rights

Balancing budgets

  • Poverty, public transfer payments, progressive tax