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NEW MODEL FOR FIRE INVESTIGATION. BSPP – Prevention Office - FRANCE. 10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE. BRUSSELS - 3RD, 4TH JUNE 2010. Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD. 10 E Φ A ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010. BSPP Prevention office. NEW MODEL FOR FIRE INVESTIGATION (France).

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NEW MODEL FOR FIRE INVESTIGATION

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New model for fire investigation l.jpg

NEW MODEL FOR FIRE INVESTIGATION

  • BSPP – Prevention Office - FRANCE

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE

BRUSSELS - 3RD, 4TH JUNE 2010


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

NEW MODEL FOR FIRE INVESTIGATION (France)

The RCCI (Search for causes and circumstances of fires) is not a mission for the Fire Brigade, it is a mission for the Police or the Gendarmerie, for the benefit of the Justice Department.


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

  • Given these disparities, the French Civil Security Direction (DSC) created in 2008 a national working group to :

  • standardize practices,

  • list the different trainings.

  • A decree is currently being drafted to set the objectives and the missions of the fire brigades.

  • « It is a complementary and optional mission for the fire brigades. It is not subordinated to the signature of a convention with the Justice Department. »

  • 2 ways to conduct the RCCI:

  • internally, for the Fire Services at the Departments level (SDIS),

  • for the Justice Department.


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

  • THE OBJECTIVES :

  • contribute to the development of a database and statistics to improve fire prevention measures in buildings,

  • contribute to the policy of return of experience of the fire services,

  • contribute by helping protecting the interests of the service,

  • collaborate, under judicial requisitioning, in the framework of a criminal investigation according to the terms of the national convention if such one is established.

  • “However, The RCCI does not include the search of the responsibilities of the blaze”.


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

  • THE MISSIONS :

  • collect information,

  • investigate the stricken places to find the point of origin of the fire,

  • take pictures or film the fire scene or the objects which could be useful in finding the truth,

  • protect certain pieces of evidence which risk to be deteriorated or destroyed by the fire or the water which is used to extinguish the fire,

  • propose to the operating commander, if the operational constrains allow it, to suspend temporarilly the excavation and clearing,

  • communicate all the collected information to the Justice Department in case of a judicial investigation.


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

  • THE TRAINING:

  • “ The RCCI can only be conducted by fireman which have followed the complementary RCCI course of PRV2.”

  • minimum level: superior under-officer,

  • work in the field of prevention;

  • have a recognised RCCI training:

    • ENSOSP (National superior school for fire brigade officers),

    • Committee for validation of titles and diplomas (DSC).


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Chief of Prevention office - O.GAUDARD

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

  • THE CONVENTION WITH THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT:

  • To reinforce the coordination between the Justice Department and the Fire Brigades, a national framework convention can be signed at the level of the departments, after agreement with the Justice Department, the Prefecture and Fire Services at the department level.

  • It foresees and frames lawfully the intervention of the fire brigades in the framework of judicial investigation.

  • The Fire Service at the department level has to be organised in such a way it can respond to judicial requisitions.

  • -It communicates the list of its experts to the prosecutor of the Republic.

  • -The investigator has to hand out his report within three weeks.


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

BSPP

What about fire investigation ?


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

18 585

490 000

6 925

BSPP

Prevention office

In 2009 :

Total interventions

Fires interventions

Fires in buildings

Statistics are used to :

  • Adapt operational means and tactics

  • Prescribe prevention measures for buildings

42 fire deaths

How can we make the amount of fires to decrease ?


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Département 75

Département 92

Département 93

Département 94

Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

Mission : to prescribe safety measures for building projects

BSPP

Prevention office

Since 2007, a new structure attached to the Prevention Office

Prevention officer 24/24

Chief of Prevention Office

Documentation section

Forecasting section

Mission :

Legal foresight

Hydraulic group

Investigation group

Fire engineering group


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

Fire service

Fire safety engineering

Buildings protection

Legal department

BSPP

Prevention office

Mission : To analyse causes and propagations of fires

Work benefits to :

To improve fire safety laws

To contribute to enhance operational tactics

To validate technical studies

To defend the fire service


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

A small and young structure(2 firefighters)

  • Fatalities

  • Many ressources are deployed

  • Special buildings

Investigates uppermost

  • Origine and cause of the fire

  • Progress of the fire

  • Evidences (firefighters, occupants...)

  • Building fire safety device

Targets of investigations

Central Laboratory of Prefecture

of Police

  • Perform and test samples

  • Pass our findings to police service

  • Work as fire expert for court

Actually we don’t

Near 150 investigations per year (2% of fires in buildings)


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

2 aids for investigation data, according to the relevance of the fire

DATABASE

Statistical purpose

FULL REPORTS

Explain particular incidents


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

DATABASE

  • 90 FIELDS

  • FIVE KEY SECTORS

  • Event,

  • Building type,

  • Fire protection devices,

  • Firefighting,

  • Investigation conclusions.


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

2 aids for investigation data, according to the relevance of the fire

DATABASE

Statistical purpose

FULL REPORTS

Explain particular incidents


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Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

FULL REPORTS

  • Building structure details,

  • Conduct of the investigation,

  • Listing of collected evidences,

  • Reconstituted fire chronology,

  • Conclusions and lessons from the incident.


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Location of the victims aware of the fire before they died

Chief of Investigation group - D.LIEBART

10 EΦA ROUNDTABLE, BRUSSELS - 4th June 2010

BSPP

Prevention office

Some statistics about domestic fires, in 2009

76% of fires deaths occur in the home

Domestic fire causes

82% of fires are made-man (careless or intentional)

59% of the victims died in their sleep

of the victims aware of the fire died while they were not originally threatened by fire

44%

  • Need to :

  • Install smoke detectors (obligation by 2015)

  • Increase communitieawarness of risk behaviours :

  • to prevent fire breaks out

  • to teach the good behviour in case of fire


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