IMPACT OF PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION ON FARMER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
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IMPACT OF PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION ON FARMER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA PAPER PRESENTED AT 2 nd WORLD CONGRESS OF AGROFORESTRY 23-28 AUGUST 2009 NAIROBI KENYA.

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IMPACT OF PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION ON FARMER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

PAPER PRESENTED AT 2nd WORLD CONGRESS OF AGROFORESTRY

23-28 AUGUST 2009

NAIROBI KENYA

Tchoundjeu, Z.; Degrande, A.; Leakey, R.R.B.; Simons, T.; Nimino, G.; Kemajou, E.; Asaah, E.; Facheux, C.; Tsobeng, A.; Mbile, P. and Sado, T.


Articulations
ARTICULATIONS LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

1. PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION (PTD)

  • APPROACH OF PTD

  • WHY INDIGENOUS FRUIT TREES

    2. IMPACTS ON FARMERS’ LIVELIHOODS

    CONCLUSION


21 countries LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

330 million people

1200 million ha


Hot spots in wca
HOT SPOTS IN WCA LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

WCA is a hot spot with more: 1800 endemic plant species

31 endemic threatened birds

35 endemic threatened mammals


Distribution of area under cultivation by zone 5 year average 2003 2007
Distribution of Area under Cultivation By Zone LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA5-year Average (2003-2007)


Area under cultivation
Area under Cultivation LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA


Volatility of Coffee Price LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA


FOREST IS NOT ONLY LOGS AND TIMBER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Over two thirds of the 600 million people in Africa rely

directly or indirectly on forest for their livelihoods


Main NTFPs LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA


What is domestication
What is domestication? LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA


Participatory tree domestication ptd

PTD refers to: LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

the means communities select, propagate and manage high-value indigenous fruit trees and medicinal plants and integrate them in the various farming systems,

Species for domestication are mainly selected encompassing indigenous knowledge and genetic selection based on scientific principles

A strong partnership is developed with scientists, civic authorities and private companies.

PTD is a farmer driven and market lead process. It focuses on species farmers consume best with high potentials for local, regional and international markets

Participatory Tree Domestication (PTD)


Approach participatory tree domestication

Conventional or Classical approach LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Progeny trials

Biophysical and phenological assessments

ICRAF approach

Priority setting (farmer participation)

Germplasm collection priority species

Selection via vegetative propagation techniques

On-station and on-farm evaluation of selected species

Marketing options for maximizing farmer family income

Capacity building

APPROACH: Participatory tree domestication


How to multiply the selected species LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA: rooting cuttings


Creation of a cultivar
Creation of a cultivar LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Dacryodes edulis

Earlier fruiting, smaller trees and uniform quality


Sites of Impact Studies (DJONTU, 2006) LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA


Natural assets (Wild trees) LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Role of tree domestication in household’s livelihood

Tree

Domestication

Technology

Subsistence

Improved propagules

Fruits

Leaves

Nuts/Kernels

Bark, firewood

Other livelihood activities

Income

(financial)

FARM

HOUSEHOLD

Invest in

Consumption

Outcomes: Food and nutrition, Environment resilience, Knowledge empowerment, Housing, quality and Standard of life


Agroforestry nurseries
Agroforestry nurseries LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Impacts :

Income used to send children to school, to pay for medicines, to dig wells, make bricks, to purchase livestock, to purchase fertilizers and other inputs; improved diet.

Increased knowledge in AF techniques


Income generation projects
Income generation projects LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Impacts: Income for medicines, water and homes; better health; more time for family and farming; creates employment.


Rural resource centres
Rural Resource Centres LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Impacts: Technical and business training and knowledge; empowerment of communities; Income for multiple uses; Dissemination of technologies; introduction of germplasm.


Microfinance projects
Microfinance Projects LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Impacts: Provision of money for purchase of agricultural inputs; higher productivity; better livelihoods


Farmers
Farmers LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Saw application of good practices and diversification,

discussed their needs and aspirations, heard their interest

in new technologies.


Innovators
Innovators LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Saw farmers and business developing and implementing new technologies and domesticating new crops


Farmer groups
Farmer Groups LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Met some dynamic and enthusiastic people excited about the ways the Project was improving their lives. Heard their hopes and aspirations.


Entrepreneurs
Entrepreneurs LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Heard that they were making money from their new businesses.


Traditional traders
Traditional traders LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

There are so many more people that projects like this need to reach, whether they are farmers, traders or potential business people.

It was exciting to learn about the successes, but sad to think about the people who are still living without much hope.


PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA

Agroforestry has improved our lives

I’m buying fertilizers and have a cow

I’ve improved my house and built a well

I’ve decided to be a nursery man and stay in my village

My family are healthier and going to school

My kids are eating fruits and veg

I’m processing and trading AFTPs

Transforming people’s lives


Conclusion

Indigenous fruit portfolio now at the heart of key global environmental processes

Convention to combat desertification

Agroforestry for land regeneration

Biodiversity Convention

Role of agroforestry in biodiversity conservation

Climate Change Convention

Agroforestry as a key to adaptation

Smallholder projects for carbon sequestration

UN Forum on Forests

Key role of trees outside forests

Conclusion…


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