IMPACT OF PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION ON FARMER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA PAPER PRESENTED AT 2 nd WORLD CONGRESS OF AGROFORESTRY 23-28 AUGUST 2009 NAIROBI KENYA.
IMPACT OF PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION ON FARMER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
PAPER PRESENTED AT 2nd WORLD CONGRESS OF AGROFORESTRY
23-28 AUGUST 2009
Tchoundjeu, Z.; Degrande, A.; Leakey, R.R.B.; Simons, T.; Nimino, G.; Kemajou, E.; Asaah, E.; Facheux, C.; Tsobeng, A.; Mbile, P. and Sado, T.
1. PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION (PTD)
2. IMPACTS ON FARMERS’ LIVELIHOODS
21 countries LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
330 million people
1200 million ha
WCA is a hot spot with more: 1800 endemic plant species
31 endemic threatened birds
35 endemic threatened mammals
Volatility of Coffee Price LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
FOREST IS NOT ONLY LOGS AND TIMBER LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Over two thirds of the 600 million people in Africa rely
directly or indirectly on forest for their livelihoods
Main NTFPs LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
PTD refers to: LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
the means communities select, propagate and manage high-value indigenous fruit trees and medicinal plants and integrate them in the various farming systems,
Species for domestication are mainly selected encompassing indigenous knowledge and genetic selection based on scientific principles
A strong partnership is developed with scientists, civic authorities and private companies.
PTD is a farmer driven and market lead process. It focuses on species farmers consume best with high potentials for local, regional and international marketsParticipatory Tree Domestication (PTD)
Conventional or Classical approach LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Biophysical and phenological assessments
Priority setting (farmer participation)
Germplasm collection priority species
Selection via vegetative propagation techniques
On-station and on-farm evaluation of selected species
Marketing options for maximizing farmer family income
Capacity buildingAPPROACH: Participatory tree domestication
How to multiply the selected species LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA: rooting cuttings
Earlier fruiting, smaller trees and uniform quality
Sites of Impact Studies (DJONTU, 2006) LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Natural assets (Wild trees) LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Role of tree domestication in household’s livelihood
Other livelihood activities
Outcomes: Food and nutrition, Environment resilience, Knowledge empowerment, Housing, quality and Standard of life
Income used to send children to school, to pay for medicines, to dig wells, make bricks, to purchase livestock, to purchase fertilizers and other inputs; improved diet.
Increased knowledge in AF techniques
Impacts: Income for medicines, water and homes; better health; more time for family and farming; creates employment.
Impacts: Technical and business training and knowledge; empowerment of communities; Income for multiple uses; Dissemination of technologies; introduction of germplasm.
Impacts: Provision of money for purchase of agricultural inputs; higher productivity; better livelihoods
Saw application of good practices and diversification,
discussed their needs and aspirations, heard their interest
in new technologies.
Saw farmers and business developing and implementing new technologies and domesticating new crops
Met some dynamic and enthusiastic people excited about the ways the Project was improving their lives. Heard their hopes and aspirations.
Heard that they were making money from their new businesses.
There are so many more people that projects like this need to reach, whether they are farmers, traders or potential business people.
It was exciting to learn about the successes, but sad to think about the people who are still living without much hope.
PARTICIPATORY TREE DOMESTICATION LIVELIHOODS IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Agroforestry has improved our lives
I’m buying fertilizers and have a cow
I’ve improved my house and built a well
I’ve decided to be a nursery man and stay in my village
My family are healthier and going to school
My kids are eating fruits and veg
I’m processing and trading AFTPs
Transforming people’s lives
Indigenous fruit portfolio now at the heart of key global environmental processes
Convention to combat desertification
Agroforestry for land regeneration
Role of agroforestry in biodiversity conservation
Climate Change Convention
Agroforestry as a key to adaptation
Smallholder projects for carbon sequestration
UN Forum on Forests
Key role of trees outside forestsConclusion…