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Mine Warfare. Mine Warfare. Different than other weapons systems Target comes to the weapon Weapons system activated (planted) without a specific target detected. Don’t have to be there for it to work. Can be crude and still be VERY effective Requires advanced planning.

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mine warfare1
Mine Warfare
  • Different than other weapons systems
  • Target comes to the weapon
  • Weapons system activated (planted)
    • without a specific target detected.
  • Don’t have to be there for it to work.
  • Can be crude and still be VERY effective
  • Requires advanced planning
history of mine warfare
History of Mine Warfare
  • Revolutionary War
      • Powder keg covered in tar with flintlock firing device
  • Civil War
      • Large scale mining of land and sea
  • World War II
      • 23,000 mines laid sinking or damaging 1,075 Japanese ships
  • Vietnam War
      • Extensive mining of inland waterways
us vs mines
US vs Mines
  • Of the 18 US Navy ships that have suffered battle damage in the last 50 years, 78 per cent was as a result of mines
history of mine warfare1
History of Mine Warfare
  • The U.S. had considerably reduced the use of mines since the end of the cold war
  • Recent Events
    • USS Samuel B. Roberts
    • USS Princeton
    • USS Tripoli
  • Operation Desert Storm
    • The need for a rapid clearing of shallow water minefields were required in preparation for an amphibious assault.
u s vs mines
U.S. vs. MINES

What It Takes To Go”Anytime, Anywhere” by Rear Adm. Horne, Proceedings, Jan 1998

the mission of mine warfare
The Mission Of Mine Warfare
  • Detect and Avoid or Eliminate mine threat (Mine Countermeasures (MCM))
  • “Mining is also a force multiplier in today’s and tomorrow’s conflict scenarios....”

- Force 2001

classification of mines
Classification of Mines
  • By method of delivery
    • Air-delivered mines
    • Surface-delivered mines
    • Submarine-delivered mines
  • By position in the water after delivery
    • Moored mines
    • Bottom mines
    • Drifting mines
classification of mines1
Classification of Mines
  • By method of activation
    • Contact Mines
    • Influence Mines
      • Magnetic
      • Acoustic
      • Pressure
      • Combination
typical moored mine
Typical Moored Mine

Arming

Device

Magnetometer

Anchor

Explosive

Section

Firing System

Components

Mechanism

Section

typical bottom mine
Typical Bottom Mine

Tail Fin

Nose

Fairing

Search

Coil

Arming

Device

Release

Mechanism

Parachute

Pack

Explosive

Charge

Firing System

Components

Spoiler

u s mines
U.S. Mines
  • Quickstrike
    • based on 500 lb or 2000 lb bombs
    • kits stored to convert bombs to mines
  • Mk 60 Captor (rising, deep ocean)
  • Mk 67 SLMM
captor mine mk 60
CAPTOR Mine (MK 60)

* Delivered by air or subs

* Releases a torpedo after

it detects a sub.

* Deep-Water Moored Mine

* Rising Mine

* Targeted Against Submarines

submarine launched mobile mine
Submarine-Launched Mobile Mine

* Shallow-water bottom mine

* Against Surface ships

* Submarine Delivered

* Self propelled

minefield planning objectives
Minefield Planning Objectives

Environmental Consideration

Geographic location

Water depth

Currents

Bottom type and slope

Prevailing sea state

Type of Minefield

Offensive

Defensive

Protective

What type of Mine do I use?

delivering the mines
Delivering the Mines

Delivery Considerations

Type of Minefield

How many mines needed

Is the area defended

What type of mines needed

How accurate the placement

Platforms Available

Aircraft (P-3 & S-3)

Surface ships

Submarine (Attack)

How Do I Plant the Mines?

mine countermeasures mcm
Mine Countermeasures (MCM)
  • Self-Protection
    • Silencing (protection from acoustic mines)
    • Degaussing (protection from magnetic mines)
    • Steaming slowly (protection from pressure mines)
  • Clearing/Removing Mines
    • Mine sweeping
      • Cut cables then activate to destroy (moored mines)
      • Use acoustic/magnetic noisemakers to activate
    • Mine hunting
      • Search and neutralize individual mines
      • Use sonar then investigate every possible target.
mine hunting techniques
Mine Hunting Techniques
  • VHF Active Sonar
  • Divers
  • UUV
mine sweepers
Mine sweepers
  • MCM- Avenger Class
    • Ocean going
    • Fiberglass-wood construction
mine sweepers1
Mine sweepers
  • MHC- Osprey Class
    • Coastal (low endurance)
    • Glass Reinforced Plastic construction
    • Video and Sonar Detection
mine sweepers2
Mine sweepers
  • MCS - Inchon
    • former Amphib Assault Ship
    • 8 helicopters
    • support for MHC’s
    • C4I capabilities
mine sweepers3
Mine sweepers
  • MH-53E Sea Stallion
    • drags sled
    • clears magnetic and acoustic mines
built in mine hunter
Built in Mine Hunter

What It Takes To Go”Anytime, Anywhere” by Rear Adm. Horne, Proceedings, Jan 1998

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