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Mine Warfare. Mine Warfare. Different than other weapons systems Target comes to the weapon Weapons system activated (planted) without a specific target detected. Don’t have to be there for it to work. Can be crude and still be VERY effective Requires advanced planning.

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Mine warfare1
Mine Warfare

  • Different than other weapons systems

  • Target comes to the weapon

  • Weapons system activated (planted)

    • without a specific target detected.

  • Don’t have to be there for it to work.

  • Can be crude and still be VERY effective

  • Requires advanced planning


History of mine warfare
History of Mine Warfare

  • Revolutionary War

    • Powder keg covered in tar with flintlock firing device

  • Civil War

    • Large scale mining of land and sea

  • World War II

    • 23,000 mines laid sinking or damaging 1,075 Japanese ships

  • Vietnam War

    • Extensive mining of inland waterways


  • Us vs mines
    US vs Mines

    • Of the 18 US Navy ships that have suffered battle damage in the last 50 years, 78 per cent was as a result of mines


    History of mine warfare1
    History of Mine Warfare

    • The U.S. had considerably reduced the use of mines since the end of the cold war

    • Recent Events

      • USS Samuel B. Roberts

      • USS Princeton

      • USS Tripoli

    • Operation Desert Storm

      • The need for a rapid clearing of shallow water minefields were required in preparation for an amphibious assault.


    U s vs mines
    U.S. vs. MINES

    What It Takes To Go”Anytime, Anywhere” by Rear Adm. Horne, Proceedings, Jan 1998






    The mission of mine warfare
    The Mission Of Mine Warfare

    • Detect and Avoid or Eliminate mine threat (Mine Countermeasures (MCM))

    • “Mining is also a force multiplier in today’s and tomorrow’s conflict scenarios....”

    - Force 2001


    Classification of mines
    Classification of Mines

    • By method of delivery

      • Air-delivered mines

      • Surface-delivered mines

      • Submarine-delivered mines

    • By position in the water after delivery

      • Moored mines

      • Bottom mines

      • Drifting mines


    Classification of mines1
    Classification of Mines

    • By method of activation

      • Contact Mines

      • Influence Mines

        • Magnetic

        • Acoustic

        • Pressure

        • Combination


    Typical moored mine
    Typical Moored Mine

    Arming

    Device

    Magnetometer

    Anchor

    Explosive

    Section

    Firing System

    Components

    Mechanism

    Section


    Typical bottom mine
    Typical Bottom Mine

    Tail Fin

    Nose

    Fairing

    Search

    Coil

    Arming

    Device

    Release

    Mechanism

    Parachute

    Pack

    Explosive

    Charge

    Firing System

    Components

    Spoiler


    U s mines
    U.S. Mines

    • Quickstrike

      • based on 500 lb or 2000 lb bombs

      • kits stored to convert bombs to mines

    • Mk 60 Captor (rising, deep ocean)

    • Mk 67 SLMM


    Captor mine mk 60
    CAPTOR Mine (MK 60)

    * Delivered by air or subs

    * Releases a torpedo after

    it detects a sub.

    * Deep-Water Moored Mine

    * Rising Mine

    * Targeted Against Submarines



    Submarine launched mobile mine
    Submarine-Launched Mobile Mine

    * Shallow-water bottom mine

    * Against Surface ships

    * Submarine Delivered

    * Self propelled




    Minefield planning objectives
    Minefield Planning Objectives

    Environmental Consideration

    Geographic location

    Water depth

    Currents

    Bottom type and slope

    Prevailing sea state

    Type of Minefield

    Offensive

    Defensive

    Protective

    What type of Mine do I use?


    Delivering the mines
    Delivering the Mines

    Delivery Considerations

    Type of Minefield

    How many mines needed

    Is the area defended

    What type of mines needed

    How accurate the placement

    Platforms Available

    Aircraft (P-3 & S-3)

    Surface ships

    Submarine (Attack)

    How Do I Plant the Mines?


    Mine countermeasures mcm
    Mine Countermeasures (MCM)

    • Self-Protection

      • Silencing (protection from acoustic mines)

      • Degaussing (protection from magnetic mines)

      • Steaming slowly (protection from pressure mines)

    • Clearing/Removing Mines

      • Mine sweeping

        • Cut cables then activate to destroy (moored mines)

        • Use acoustic/magnetic noisemakers to activate

      • Mine hunting

        • Search and neutralize individual mines

        • Use sonar then investigate every possible target.


    Mine hunting techniques
    Mine Hunting Techniques

    • VHF Active Sonar

    • Divers

    • UUV




    Mine sweepers
    Mine sweepers

    • MCM- Avenger Class

      • Ocean going

      • Fiberglass-wood construction


    Mine sweepers1
    Mine sweepers

    • MHC- Osprey Class

      • Coastal (low endurance)

      • Glass Reinforced Plastic construction

      • Video and Sonar Detection


    Mine sweepers2
    Mine sweepers

    • MCS - Inchon

      • former Amphib Assault Ship

      • 8 helicopters

      • support for MHC’s

      • C4I capabilities


    Mine sweepers3
    Mine sweepers

    • MH-53E Sea Stallion

      • drags sled

      • clears magnetic and acoustic mines


    Built in mine hunter
    Built in Mine Hunter

    What It Takes To Go”Anytime, Anywhere” by Rear Adm. Horne, Proceedings, Jan 1998



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