Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications
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Delay/Disruption-Tolerant Networking Architecture & Applications. Kevin Fall w/help from A. Maffei Intel Research, Berkeley & WHOI [email protected] http://WWW.DTNRG.ORG. Oceanographic Scenario [A. Maffei/WHOI].

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Delay/Disruption-Tolerant Networking Architecture & Applications

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Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

Delay/Disruption-Tolerant NetworkingArchitecture & Applications

Kevin Fall w/help from A. Maffei

Intel Research, Berkeley & WHOI

[email protected]

http://WWW.DTNRG.ORG


Oceanographic scenario a maffei whoi

Oceanographic Scenario [A. Maffei/WHOI]

  • Imagine you are an oceanographer interested in undersea earthquakes. You have deployed instrument clusters of acoustic, chemical, seismic, etc. sensors with acoustic modems attached to them.

  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) gather data from the instruments on a regular basis. Sometimes you make special requests to gather data from specific instruments, for example after an underwater earthquake occurs.


Scientist interactions with instrument platforms

Scientist Interactions with Instrument Platforms

  • As an oceanographer you don’t concern yourself about which data communications assets are used to deliver commands to instruments or how data is delivered back to you.

  • For example, a dtn_file_copy or dtn_traceroute command might be issued from your workstation command line indicating a DTN region and an oceanographic instrument name inside that region.

  • The command might complete 3 weeks later when email arrives telling you that the data has arrived or displaying a report showing the communications path and sample round-trip latency to the instrument(s) you are interested in.


Potential oceanographic dtn regions

Potential Oceanographic DTN Regions

  • First the platforms of interest


Platforms

Platforms

REMUS AUV

CODAR BUOY

ORBCOMM LEO

R/V ENDEAVOR

SLOCUM GLIDER

NASA – AVIRIS


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

INSTRUMENT

AUV

INSTRUMENT

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT


Potential oceanographic dtn regions1

Potential Oceanographic DTN Regions

  • First the platforms of interest

  • Next some Oceanographic DTN regions that could be developed.


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

Oceanographic DTN Regions

INSTRUMENT

AUV

INSTRUMENT

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

Oceanographic DTN Regions

Global Internet Region

INSTRUMENT

AUV

INTERNET

INSTRUMENT

SUBMARINE CABLE

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

INTERNET

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SCIENTIST WS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

UAM

UAM

INSTRUMENT

UAM

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Oceanographic DTN Regions

Global Internet RegionUnderwater Acoustic Modem Region

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

SOLAR BUOY

UAM

A CONTINENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

ISLAND


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SCIENTIST WS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

UAM

UAM

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Oceanographic DTN Regions

Global Internet RegionUnderwater Acoustic Modem RegionShip/Buoy/Port SWAP Region

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

SOLAR BUOY

UAM

A CONTINENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

ISLAND


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

UAM

UAM

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Oceanographic DTN Regions

Global Internet RegionUnderwater Acoustic Modem RegionShip/Buoy/Port SWAP RegionOceanographic Iridium Region

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

ISLAND


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

UAM

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

INSTRUMENT

UAM

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Oceanographic DTN Regions

Global Internet RegionUnderwater Acoustic Modem RegionShip/Buoy/Port SWAP RegionOceanographic Iridium RegionShip/Large Buoy INMARSAT Region

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

ISLAND


Potential oceanographic dtn regions2

Potential Oceanographic DTN Regions

  • First the platforms of interest

  • Next some Oceanographic DTN regions that could be developed.

  • A short animation


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 0 hours

Multicast DTN command sentto Instrument-1, Instrument-2,and Instrument-3

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 0 hours

Multicast DTN command sentto Instrument-1, Instrument-2,and Instrument-3

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

BUNDLE WITHDTN COMMAND

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 10 milliseconds

Bundle containing commandenters Iridium Region and is delivered to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 5 minutes

Bundle containing commandenters Iridium Region and is delivered to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 14 hours

Bundle containing commandenters Iridium Region and is delivered to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 1.5 days

DTN Command Bundle sentand new bundle containingfiles returned to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 3 days

DTN Command Bundle sentand new bundle containingfiles returned to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 4 days

DTN Command Bundle sentand new bundle containingfiles returned to AUV

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 5 days

AUV Docks with dockingstation and delivers high prioritybundles via INMARSAT

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 5 days +

AUV Docks with dockingstation and delivers high prioritybundles via INMARSAT

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 5 days +

AUV Docks with dockingstation and delivers high prioritybundles via INMARSAT

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks

A tanker comes by the bigbuoy and offloads bulk datathat is not so critical

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks

A tanker comes by the bigbuoy and offloads bulk datathat is not so critical

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks

The tanker offloads the bulkdata

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks, 1 day

A tanker comes by the bigbuoy and offloads bulk datathat is not so critical

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks, 1 day

A tanker comes by the bigbuoy and offloads bulk datathat is not so critical

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


Delay disruption tolerant networking architecture applications

AUV

UAM

IRIDIUM MODEMS

INSTRUMENT

INSTRUMENT

INTERNET

SOLAR BUOY

SCIENTIST WS

UAM

DIESEL PWR’D BUOY

AUV DOCK

Ship of Opportunity

INSTRUMENT

UAM

Elapsed Time: 2 weeks, 1 day

A tanker comes by the bigbuoy and offloads bulk datathat is not so critical

INMARSAT

INTERNET

SUBMARINE CABLE

A CONTINENT

INSTRUMENT-1

INSTRUMENT-2

UAM

UAM

ISLAND

INSTRUMENT-3

UAM


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