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Japan’s Development Trajectory. Sara Hsu. Development Influences. Japan’s geography Followed Western nations in industrialization Population (see map) Industrialization (see map). Political-Economic History. Tokugawa through Meiji Closing off to trade after encounter with Westerners

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Presentation Transcript
development influences
Development Influences

Japan’s geography

Followed Western nations in industrialization

Population (see map)

Industrialization (see map)

political economic history
Political-Economic History
  • Tokugawa through Meiji
    • Closing off to trade after encounter with Westerners
    • Government decline
    • Meiji Restoration
    • Tax revenue
    • Government enterprises
political economic history1
Political-Economic History
  • Meiji
    • Technological know-how
    • Infrastructure
    • Monetary and fiscal systems
    • Textile and shipping
    • Agriculture
    • Compulsory education
political economic history2
Political-Economic History
  • WWI to WWII
    • Heavy industry
    • WWI and exports
    • Post WWI lag
    • Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce
    • Ministry of Commerce and Industry
    • Japanese invasion of China
political economic history3
Political-Economic History
  • Post-WWII to Korean War
    • Post-WWII occupation by Allies
    • Rural and urban restructuring
    • Dodge Plan
    • “Rationalization”
    • Booming economy with Korean War
political economic history4
Political-Economic History

Post-Korean War to Eighties

Post-Korean War slump

Increase in domestic demand

Import liberalization

Second agricultural revolution

Booming in sixties and seventies

Financial economy in eighties

industrialization
Industrialization

Industrial power grew between 1881 and 1937

Accompanied by increase in capital stock and horsepower

Started with textile industry

Located from Tokyo through Nagoya and Osaka, to Fukuoka in the northern part of Kyushu

technological progress
Technological Progress

At the end of the nineteenth century, inventions such as scientific measuring instruments, armaments, textiles and food industry inventions were created.

After World War II, additional technology was transferred to Japan from the West.

bottom line
Bottom Line

Japan focused on industrialization and improvement of innovation during the Meiji period

Japan focused on light industry and then textile industry

Post-WWII decline was countered by pro-reindustrialization policies

did you know
Did You Know?

Zaibatsu refer to large, family-controlled banking and industrial conglomerates in Japan

The four largest zaibatsu before WWII were: Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Sumitomo, Yasuda

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Fin

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