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A GA K HAN D EVELOPMENT N ETWORK. What is the AKDN?.

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what is the akdn
What is the AKDN?

The Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) is a group of international, private, non-denominational development agencies and institutions that seek to empower communities and individuals, usually in disadvantaged circumstances, to improve living conditions and opportunities.

slide3

“There are those who enter the world in such poverty that they are deprived of both the means and the motivation to improve their lot.

Unless they can be touched with the spark which ignites the spirit of individual enterprise and determination, they will only sink into apathy, degradation and despair. It is for us, who are more fortunate, to provide that spark.”

His Highness the Aga Khan

about the akdn s founder
About the AKDN’s Founder
  • His Highness the Aga Khan is the 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims and a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him);
  • He has emphasised the view of Islam as a thinking, spiritual faith, one that teaches compassion and tolerance and that upholds the dignity of man, Allah\'s noblest creation;
  • In recent generations, the Aga Khan’s family has followed a tradition of international service;
  • Over the years the Aga Khan has received numerous decorations, honorary degrees, and awards in recognition of the various dimensions of his work

Stone Town

Zanzibar, Tanzania

core theme education
Core Theme: Education

Pre-Primary

Primary and

Secondary

Higher

Education

Cross

Cutting

  • Early childhood care and education programmes
  • Manages pre-schools
  • Human Development Programme
  • Develops and operates
    • Primary and secondary schools in rural and urban areas
    • Centre of Excellence schools
  • School Improvement Programmes (public, private, community)
  • Professional Development Centres
  • International Academic Partnership
  • Institute for Educational Development
    • Masters programme
    • In-service teacher training
  • Humanities Programme
  • Policy reform
  • Action research
  • Curriculum development

Madrasa programme

Kampala, Uganda

Sultan Mohammed Shah School

Karachi, Pakistan

AKU-Institute for Educational Development

health
Health

Primary Care

Service delivery

Higher

Education

Cross

Cutting

  • Community health care programmes
    • Builds village-level capacity (CHNs TBAs, LHVs)
    • Immunisation
    • Health promotion
    • Mobilisation
    • Health education
  • Develops and operates
    • Basic health care centres in rural areas
    • Secondary health care facilities
    • Diagnostic centres
    • Maternity homes
    • Referral hospitals
  • Medical education
  • Nursing education
    • Pre-service
    • In-service
  • Public health training
  • Health sector reform
  • Technical assistance to government systems
  • Infectious diseases programmes

Lady Health Visitor

Kwale,Kenya

Aga Khan Hospital

AKU-Faculty of Health Sciences

rural development
Rural Development

Rural savings and credit

Northern Areas, Pakistan

Bridge and irrigation channel construction

Tajikistan

Agricultural inputs

North Coast, Mozambique

Check-dam construction

Gujarat, India

Farming practices

Kwale, Kenya

Social mobilisation

Chitral, Pakistan

housing
Housing

Construction of Professional Development Centre, Gilgit, Pakistan

Water supply

Gujarat, India

Sanitation

Zanzibar, Tanzania

ngo enhancement
NGO Enhancement

Micro

Macro

Development management education and leadership development

Enabling Environment Initiative

Strengthening civil society organisations

Building a knowledge base on civil society

Developing professional associations and networks

Indigenous Philanthropy

economic development
Economic Development

Zanzibar Serena Inn

Zanzibar, Tanzania

Financial Services

Development Credit Bank, India

Azito Energie

Côte d’Ivore

Fastoplast SA

Burkina Faso

Frigoken

Kenya

Enterprise Support Facility

Khorog, Tajikistan

architecture
Architecture

Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture

at Harvard University and

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Historic Cities Support Programme

Karimabad and Balit Project,

Hunza, Pakistan

ArchNet.org

Geoffrey Bawa, Sri Lanka

Recipient of the Chairman’s Award, 2001

Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 8th Cycle

Publication

Aga Khan Trust for Culture

Aga Khan Award for Architecture Ceremony

Egypt

culture
Culture

Aga Khan Music Initiative in Central Asia

Silk Road Project with Yo-Yo Ma

Smithsonian Folklife Festival 2002

Aga Khan Museum (under development)

Toronto, Canada

Institute for Studies in Muslim Civilisations

London, UK

pluralism

“My conviction is that the strengthening of institutions supporting pluralism is as critical for the welfare and progress of human

society as are poverty alleviation and conflict prevention. In fact all three are intimately related. ... The inability of human society to recognise pluralism as a fundamental value constitutes a real handicap for its development and a serious danger for our future.”

His Highness the Aga Khan

Pluralism
akdn s geographic presence 31 countries in 6 regions

AKDN’s Geographic Presence: 31 Countries in 6 Regions

  • Central Asia
  • Afghanistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Europe and North America
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Canada
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Russian Federation
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America
  • Middle East
  • Egypt
  • Iran
  • Syria
  • South Asia
  • Bangladesh
  • India
  • Pakistan
  • West Africa
  • Burkina Faso
  • Congo
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Mali
  • Niger
  • Senegal
  • Eastern Africa
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
akdn s organisational structure foundations
AKDN’s Organisational Structure: Foundations

Tourism

Promotion

Services

Financial

Services

Industrial

Promotion

Services

THE IMAMAT

AGA KHAN DEVELOPMENT NETWORK

Social Development

Economic Development

Culture

Aga Khan Fund

for Economic

Development

Aga Khan Trust

for Culture

Aga Khan

Foundation

Aga Khan

University

University of

Central Asia

Aga Khan

Education Services

Aga Khan

Health Services

Aga Khan

Planning and

Building Services

Aga Khan

Award for Architecture

Education

and Culture Programme

Historic Cities Support

Programme

slide16

AGA KHAN FOUNDATION

  • Seeks to develop and promote creative solutions to problems that impede social development, primarily in Asia and Eastern Africa;
  • Focuses on rural development, education, health and enhancement of non-governmental organisations; and
  • Has interest in cross-cutting issues of gender and human resource development.
  • Founded in 1967. Has branches and independent affiliates in 14 countries.

Village Organisation

Sost, Northern Areas, Pakistan

slide17

AGA KHAN TRUST FOR CULTURE

  • Focuses on culture as a means to enhance the physical, social and economic revitalisation of communities in the Islamic world; and
  • Aims to recognise excellence in architecture, conservation and creative re-use of historic buildings and public spaces and strengthen education of architectural practice.
  • In addition to the Aga Khan Award for Architecture and the Museum Unit, conducts the Historic Cities Support Programme and Education and Culture Programme.

Al-Azhar Park Project and Conservation and Rehabilitation of Darb al-Ahzar,Cairo, Egypt

universities
Universities

Tourism

Promotion

Services

Financial

Services

Industrial

Promotion

Services

THE IMAMAT

AGA KHAN DEVELOPMENT NETWORK

Social Development

Economic Development

Culture

Aga Khan Fund

for Economic

Development

Aga Khan Trust

for Culture

Aga Khan

Foundation

Aga Khan

University

University of

Central Asia

Aga Khan

Education Services

Aga Khan

Health Services

Aga Khan

Planning and

Building Services

Aga Khan

Award for Architecture

Education

and Culture Programme

Historic Cities Support

Programme

aga khan university
AGA KHAN UNIVERSITY
  • Aims to promote human welfare by disseminating knowledge and by providing instruction, training, research and services;
  • Comprises the Faculty of Health Sciences (Medical College, School of Nursing, University Hospital), Institute for Educational Development, Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations. Under development are the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and Institute for Human Development;
  • Maintains relationships with leading international universities; and
  • Has campuses in Pakistan, East Africa and UK. Established in 1983. Has over 3,500 alumni.

Faculty of Health Sciences campus

Karachi, Pakistan

slide20

UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL ASIA

  • World’s first university dedicated to education and research in mountain regions and societies;
  • Founded by treaty between Tajikistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan and Ismaili Imamat
  • Located on three campuses Khorog, Tajikistan; Tekeli, Kazakhstan; and Naryn, Kyrgyz Republic;
  • Will offer programmes in Mountain Development, Liberal Arts and Continuing Education and Training; and
  • Will use state-of the-art distance learning technology and English as medium of instruction.

Campus location

Khorog, Tajikistan

private not for profit social service delivery agencies
Private, not-for-profit social service delivery agencies

Tourism

Promotion

Services

Financial

Services

Industrial

Promotion

Services

THE IMAMAT

AGA KHAN DEVELOPMENT NETWORK

Social Development

Economic Development

Culture

Aga Khan Fund

for Economic

Development

Aga Khan Trust

for Culture

Aga Khan

Foundation

Aga Khan

University

University of

Central Asia

Aga Khan

Education Services

Aga Khan

Health Services

Aga Khan

Planning and

Building Services

Aga Khan

Award for Architecture

Education

and Culture Programme

Historic Cities Support

Programme

slide22

Aga Khan Education Services

  • Operates over 300 schools across Eastern Africa, South and Central Asia, from pre-school to higher secondary levels.
  • Enrols 55,000 students and employs 3,500 staff;
  • Aims to diminish the many obstacles to educational access, quality and achievement; and
  • Emphasis on excellence in educational practice and management, child-centred learning, female education, ethics and school-based teacher training.

Aga Khan School

Karachi, Pakistan

slide23

Aga Khan Health Services

  • Operates 320 medical facilities in Eastern Africa, South and Central Asia, comprising primary health care centres in rural areas, dispensaries, diagnostic centres, maternity homes and referral hospitals;
  • Provides technical support in the management of government health systems; and
  • Cares for 1 million people annually and employs 3,900 staff.
  • Major initiatives include assisting communities in manage their health, providing care in modern, efficient and cost-effective facilities and educating health professionals.

Aga Khan Hospital

Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

slide24

Aga Khan Planning and Building Services

  • Improves the built environment through design and construction, village planning, natural hazard mitigation, environmental sanitation and improved water supply systems;
  • Provides material and technical assistance and construction management services for rural and urban areas; and
  • Develops appropriate, low-cost ‘technologies’ for the built environment.

Water and Sanitation activities

Sangodra, India

for profit venture capital development agency
For-profit venture capital development agency

Tourism

Promotion

Services

Financial

Services

Industrial

Promotion

Services

THE IMAMAT

AGA KHAN DEVELOPMENT NETWORK

Social Development

Economic Development

Culture

Aga Khan Fund

for Economic

Development

Aga Khan Trust

for Culture

Aga Khan

Foundation

Aga Khan

University

University of

Central Asia

Aga Khan

Education Services

Aga Khan

Health Services

Aga Khan

Planning and

Building Services

Aga Khan

Award for Architecture

Education

and Culture Programme

Historic Cities Support

Programme

slide26

Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development

  • Strengthens the private sector in developing countries by promoting entrepreneurial activity and supporting private sector initiatives;
  • Catalyses investment in developing or transitional economies;
  • Constructs or rehabilitates infrastructure and builds economically viable enterprises;
  • Operates over 100 companies in the hotel, banking, insurance, microfinance, property development, telecommunications, agro-processing, power, printing and textile industries; and
  • Employs over 15,000 staff.

Sewing factory

Enterprise Support Facility

Khorog, Tajikistan

defining characteristics grounded in ethics
Defining characteristics: Grounded in Ethics

Inclusiveness

Education

and Research

Governance

Compassion

and Sharing

Sustainable

environment

Sound mind

Self-reliance

Respect for life and healthcare

works in difficult often marginalised places
Works in difficult, often marginalised places

Post-conflict

Afghanistan

Resource-poor

Syria

Harsh climate and terrain

Tajikistan

takes a long term perspective
Takes a long-term perspective
  • Engages for the long term to ensure sustainability - in some areas for over 30 years;
  • Moves communities from poverty to self-reliance;
  • Has its own funding sources, reducing the impact of ‘peaks and valleys’ in donor funding; and
  • Builds lasting institutions.

1989

1990

1999

Rural development

Gujarat, India

protocols
Protocols
  • Has agreements and protocols with over 20 countries and international bodies;
  • Provides AKDN with
    • Fiscal privileges
    • Ability to bring in world-class expertise
    • Sustained relationships with host governments; and
  • Demonstrates AKDN’s long-term commitment.

His Highness with President Karzai, 2002

Afghanistan

area development approach
Area development approach

EXAMPLE: Northern Pakistan

AKFED: Micro-credit

AKES: Sultanabad school

AKPBS: Water supply

AKF: Agriculture

AKU: PDC Gilgit

AKHS: Lady Health Visitor

AKTC: Ganesh restoration

slide32

“Development is sustainable only if the beneficiaries become, in a gradual manner, the masters of the process. This means that initiatives

cannot be contemplated exclusively in economic terms, but rather as an integrated programme that encompasses social and cultural dimensions”

His Highness the Aga Khan

broad range of capabilities
Broad range of capabilities
  • Privileged relationships with a broad range of partners
    • Governments – policy dialogue
    • Donor agencies – funding and expertise
    • Technical experts – world-leading expertise
    • Field-level NGOs – operational experience
    • Communities – ownership;
  • Scale (all numbers are for 2002)
    • Annual expenditure: US $825 million
    • Not-for-profit expenditure: US $235 million
    • Number of employees: 28,200;
  • Developed deep expertise in specific fields
    • For example in high-mountain and coastal area development;
  • Efficiency and effectiveness
    • Innovation
    • Systematic, cross-sector and cross-geography learning
    • Relentless focus on quality, evaluation and impact assessment; and
  • Can draw on a diverse set of institutions - to tackle a range of development challenges.

EUPEK School Improvement Programme

Kampala, Uganda

grounded in a constituency
Grounded in a constituency
  • Draws from the presence, locally and globally of the Ismaili community:
    • Extensive voluntary support
    • Leadership and governance
    • Institutional infrastructure
    • Local knowledge and access
    • Financial support.

Partnership Walk

Houston, USA

key drivers
Key drivers
  • Field-driven
    • Over 99 percent of AKDN’s staff is in the field;
  • Community-based
    • Mobilises and engages communities to identify, prioritise and implement development projects;
  • Creates opportunities and not dependence
    • Provides an environment as well as support, for communities to take control of their development; and
  • Facilitates a slip-stream of investment
    • Pioneers development models that others can use
    • Invests seed ‘development’ capital that is leveraged by other investments
    • Leads work in ‘hard-to-reach’ areas, allowing others to join in the development process.

Community group constructing pre-school facility

Zanzibar, Tanzania

impact improved economic indicators
Impact: Improved economic indicators…

“While the AKRSP (Aga Khan Rural Support Programme) is at the top end of a range of global and local comparators for operating costs per household, the estimated economic rate of return of at least 16 percent – probably closer to 25 to 30 percent if all benefits could be quantified and attributed – suggests the investment choices have been sound and the program has been highly efficient”

World Bank Operations and Evaluation Department, 2002

1987

2000

AKRSP programme area

Passu, Northern Areas, Pakistan

and social indicators
…and social indicators

Health case study: Gujarat Health Systems Development Programme

Indicator 1998 2002

Immunisation 49% 74%

Post-natal check-up 13% 57%

Antenatal registration 36% 70%

Incidence of anemia 46% 21%

Community health centre

Gujarat, India

built local capacity and infrastructure
Built local capacity and infrastructure
  • Strengthens local capacity through training, staff development, and replacing expatriate staff with locals;
  • Strengthens existing and builds new local institutions;
  • Enhances government capacity; and
  • Creates infrastructure, for example:
    • Schools and hospitals
    • Banks
    • Roads, bridges and dams
    • Power plants.

Bridge linking Afghanistan and Tajikistan, 2002

Shugnan, Badakshan

policy reform
Policy reform
  • Education – contributed to setting national policies and curricula in early childhood education, in Pakistan and East Africa
  • Health – reformed the pharmaceutical regime in Gorno-Badakshan, Tajikistan
  • NGO Enhancement – enacted legislation for private sector tax incentives, to enhance social sector giving – Pakistan, Kenya and Tanzania
  • Rural development – policy changes in forestry and irrigation to enable sustainable development – India

Health sector

Gorno-Badakshan, Tajikistan

setting new standards
Setting new standards

Nursing profession in Pakistan

AKU-School of Nursing

Setting standards in corporate citizenship, quality

service and progressive employment practices.

Nairobi Serena Hotel

Centre of Excellence school

Mombasa, Kenya

slide41

“Poverty is a problem whose import is ignored at great peril. Perhaps, the greatest lesson of the tragedy of conflict that has recently engulfed

this region is the need to attack its true roots. These lie not in religion or in corruption, but rather in deprivation, poverty, exclusion and lack of opportunity – and therefore hope. ... We firmly believe that the disadvantaged amongst us must be able to build a sound and secure future with dignity and pride – and not merely to survive.”

His Highness the Aga Khan