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RECREATIONAL FISHERY IN LAKE SUPERIOR

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RECREATIONAL FISHERY IN LAKE SUPERIOR. Don Schreiner, MNDNR Steve Schram, WIDNR Shawn Sitar, MIDNR Mike Petzold, OMNR. History of Recreational Fishing. Native Americans – first anglers – subsistence Commercial fishing began - fur trade subsidized

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recreational fishery in lake superior

RECREATIONAL FISHERY IN LAKE SUPERIOR

Don Schreiner, MNDNR

Steve Schram, WIDNR

Shawn Sitar, MIDNR

Mike Petzold, OMNR

slide2

History of Recreational Fishing

  • Native Americans – first anglers – subsistence
  • Commercial fishing began - fur trade subsidized
  • Commercial families started resorts began sport fishing
slide3

History of Recreational Fishing

  • Much of first angling experience was from shore/stream
    • Fly fishing
    • Elite class of anglers
    • Superior Fishing-Robert Barnwell Roosevelt-1865
  • First charter captains were commercial fisherman
slide4

History

  • Increased access roads
  • New harbors/marinas
  • WW II
  • Sea Lamprey
slide5

History

  • Sea lamprey control
  • Introduced Pacific salmon
  • Larger/safer boats
  • New electronics/technique
characteristics of fishery
Characteristics of Fishery
  • Stream fishery in spring and fall
    • Targeted at introduced salmonids
  • Lake fishery relatively near shore - summer
    • Bottom bouncing and jigging for lake trout
    • Planner boards for salmon
  • Bays and estuaries - seasonal
    • Cool water species, splake, brown trout
slide7

Waters of Lake Superior

Bays

0-240 ft (0-80 meters)

> 240 ft (> 80 meters)

creel or angler surveys
Creel or Angler Surveys
  • Pressure – angler hours
  • Number of fish harvested or caught
  • CPUE – catch per effort or no. of fish/angler hr
status creel surveys
Status – Creel Surveys
  • Wisconsin – 1972 – 2000 May 1 – Sept. 30
  • Minnesota – 1972 – 2000 Memorial W.E. – Sept. 30
  • Michigan – 1987 – 2000 Standard sites May 1 – Sept. 30
  • Ontario – Intermittent – selected sites - diaries
estimates of fishing pressure in days among upper great lakes
Estimates of Fishing Pressure in Days Among Upper Great Lakes

****From Bence and Smith (1999)

mean size of major salmonids caught among upper great lakes
Mean Size of Major Salmonids Caught Among Upper Great Lakes

**Estimates for L. Huron from 1990-1998, L. Michigan from 1995-1997, L. Superior from 1990-2000. For each lake, data were from lake-wide creels

mean catch composition among upper great lakes
Mean Catch Composition Among Upper Great Lakes

****L.Huron Estimates from 1986-1998, L.Michigan Estimates from 1991-2000, L. Superior Estimates from 1990-2000

summary upper lakes recreational fishery
Summary – Upper Lakes Recreational Fishery
  • Fishing pressure much lower on Lake Superior
  • CPUE of sport and charter fishery for Lake Superior equal to or greater than in Lakes Michigan and Huron
  • Catch composition dominated by lake trout in L. Superior, chinook salmon in L. Huron and rainbow trout in L. Michigan
  • Average size of all fish smaller in L. Superior
summary lake superior recreational fishery
Summary– Lake Superior Recreational Fishery
  • Fishing pressure has decreased since late 1980s, while catch rate has increased
  • Annual catch of all salmonids averaged approximately 70,000 fish from 1990 - 2000
  • Average CPUE is 0.15 for all salmonids from 1990-2000
  • Approximately 67% of catch composed of lake trout, 17% coho and 8% chinook salmon
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