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RECREATIONAL FISHERY IN LAKE SUPERIOR. Don Schreiner, MNDNR Steve Schram, WIDNR Shawn Sitar, MIDNR Mike Petzold, OMNR. History of Recreational Fishing. Native Americans – first anglers – subsistence Commercial fishing began - fur trade subsidized

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RECREATIONAL FISHERY IN LAKE SUPERIOR

Don Schreiner, MNDNR

Steve Schram, WIDNR

Shawn Sitar, MIDNR

Mike Petzold, OMNR


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History of Recreational Fishing

  • Native Americans – first anglers – subsistence

  • Commercial fishing began - fur trade subsidized

  • Commercial families started resorts began sport fishing


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History of Recreational Fishing

  • Much of first angling experience was from shore/stream

    • Fly fishing

    • Elite class of anglers

    • Superior Fishing-Robert Barnwell Roosevelt-1865

  • First charter captains were commercial fisherman


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History

  • Increased access roads

  • New harbors/marinas

  • WW II

  • Sea Lamprey


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History

  • Sea lamprey control

  • Introduced Pacific salmon

  • Larger/safer boats

  • New electronics/technique


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Characteristics of Fishery

  • Stream fishery in spring and fall

    • Targeted at introduced salmonids

  • Lake fishery relatively near shore - summer

    • Bottom bouncing and jigging for lake trout

    • Planner boards for salmon

  • Bays and estuaries - seasonal

    • Cool water species, splake, brown trout


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Waters of Lake Superior

Bays

0-240 ft (0-80 meters)

> 240 ft (> 80 meters)


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Creel or Angler Surveys

  • Pressure – angler hours

  • Number of fish harvested or caught

  • CPUE – catch per effort or no. of fish/angler hr


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Status – Creel Surveys

  • Wisconsin – 1972 – 2000 May 1 – Sept. 30

  • Minnesota – 1972 – 2000 Memorial W.E. – Sept. 30

  • Michigan – 1987 – 2000 Standard sites May 1 – Sept. 30

  • Ontario – Intermittent – selected sites - diaries












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CPUE for Major Salmonids in Lake SuperiorLake Superior by Agency




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Comparison of Charter CPUE Waters of Among States


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Estimates of Fishing Pressure in Days Among Upper Great Lakes

****From Bence and Smith (1999)




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Mean Size of Major Salmonids Caught Among Upper Great Lakes Salmonids

**Estimates for L. Huron from 1990-1998, L. Michigan from 1995-1997, L. Superior from 1990-2000. For each lake, data were from lake-wide creels


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Mean Catch Composition Among Upper Great Lakes Salmonids

****L.Huron Estimates from 1986-1998, L.Michigan Estimates from 1991-2000, L. Superior Estimates from 1990-2000


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Summary – Upper Lakes SalmonidsRecreational Fishery

  • Fishing pressure much lower on Lake Superior

  • CPUE of sport and charter fishery for Lake Superior equal to or greater than in Lakes Michigan and Huron

  • Catch composition dominated by lake trout in L. Superior, chinook salmon in L. Huron and rainbow trout in L. Michigan

  • Average size of all fish smaller in L. Superior


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Summary Salmonids– Lake Superior Recreational Fishery

  • Fishing pressure has decreased since late 1980s, while catch rate has increased

  • Annual catch of all salmonids averaged approximately 70,000 fish from 1990 - 2000

  • Average CPUE is 0.15 for all salmonids from 1990-2000

  • Approximately 67% of catch composed of lake trout, 17% coho and 8% chinook salmon


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