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ESM 595 Chris Gibson. " A lake is the landscape's most beautiful and expressive feature. It is the earth's eye; looking into which the beholder measures the depth of his own nature." Henry David Thoreau, "Walden". Background Agencies

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" GibsonA lake is the landscape's most beautiful and expressive feature. It is the earth's eye; looking into which the beholder measures the depth of his own nature."

Henry David Thoreau,"Walden"


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  • Background Gibson

  • Agencies

  • Programs/Projects

  • Updates


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Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) Gibson

  • Created in 1972, revised in 1978

  • Purpose is to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes basin ecosystem."

  • International Joint Commission (IJC)


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The International Joint Commission prevents and resolves disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.


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  • Remedial Action Plans (RAPS) disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

  • 43 total

    • 26 in US

    • 12 in Canada

    • 5 shared

  • Ecosystem approach


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  • Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

    • Toxics Reduction Team

    • Virtual Elimination Pilot Project

  • Pollution Prevention Grant Assistance Program


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Strategy for the virtual elimination disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

of persistent toxic substances in

the Great Lakes

  • Acknowledges and builds on the existing Canadian and U.S. regulatory programs which address the targeted substances

  • Encourages ongoing programs or emerging initiatives to better address toxic releases

  • Provides a context of basin-wide goals for localized actions


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The Four Step Analytical Process disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

1.Gather information

2. Analyze current regulations, initiatives, and programs which manage or control substances

3. Identify cost-effective options to achieve further reductions

4. Implement actions to work toward the goal of virtual elimination


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  • Mercury disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

  • PCBs

  • Dioxin/Furans

  • Benzo[a]pyrene & HCB

  • Pesticides

  • Alkyl Lead

  • Octachlorostyrene


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Level I Substances disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

Aldrin/dieldrin Benzo(a)pyrene {B(a)P} Chlordane DDT (+DDD+DDE) Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) Alkyl-lead Mercury and mercury compounds Mirex Octachlorostyrene PCBs PCDD (Dioxins) and PCDF (Furans) Toxaphene

Level II Substances

Cadmium and cadmium compounds 1,4-dichlorobenzene 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine Dinitropyrene Endrin Heptachlor

Hexachlorobutadiene Hexachlorocyclohexane 4,4'-methylenebis Pentachlorobenzene Pentachlorophenol Tetrachlorobenzene

Tributyl tin

PAHs

Critical Pollutants


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  • Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

    • Toxics Reduction Team

    • Virtual Elimination Pilot Project

  • Pollution Prevention Grant Assistance Program


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P2 Grant Assistance Program disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

  • 1992 –1995: GLNPO awarded over $1,600,000 in grants

  • Funded general P2 technical assistance to supporting activities

  • Built a network of environmental professionals


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Council of Great Lakes Industry disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.Mobilizing/Coordinating Industry Support of the Virtual Elimination Strategy

$70,000

Great Lakes United                                              Virtual Elimination Strategy Implementation Project

$70,000

Illinois Environmental Protection Agency Reducing Mercury Releases Through Pollution Prevention in Healthcare Facilities

$82,800

Indiana Department of AgricultureClean Sweeps

$30,000

Menominee Indian Tribe of WisconsinHousehold Hazardous Waste Cleansweep

$12,000

Michigan Department of AgricultureClean Sweeps

$60,000

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Mercury Pollution Prevention Project

$100,000

National Wildlife Federation                Non-governmental Organization Involvement in Implementating Virtual Elimination

$70,000

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection  A Partnership for Prevention (Mercury)

$75,000

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Pollution Prevention Specialist

$18,400

LIST OF PROJECTS FUNDED BY THE GREAT LAKES NATIONAL PROGRAM OFFICE IN 1997


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  • Restoration of degraded sites disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

  • Prevention and control of pollution

  • Conservation and protection of human and ecosystem health

  • Great Lakes Cleanup Fund


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  • Great Lakes Commission disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

  • Online partnership

  • State, provincial, federal and regional partner agencies and organizations


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Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)

  • Started in 1990

  • U.S. EPA Region 5 States

  • Today – over 160 organizations and 345 individuals from the Great Lakes States and Ontario


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  • Ban use of mixing zones (GLRPPR)

    • 70,000 toxic pounds annually

  • Prohibits new discharges

  • 10 year phase out

  • 300/600 major industrial and municipal facilities affected


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  • Historical P2 (GLRPPR)

    • Focused on TSS and BOD loadings

    • Implemented 2º treatment facilities

  • Present P2

    • Concerned with chlorinated organics

    • Replaced elemental Cl with ClO2

  • Future P2

    • No discharge of effluent

    • Introduce the closed-cycle mill


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Web Links (GLRPPR)

  • Great Lakes Information Network

    • www.great-lakes.net

  • EPA Great Lakes National Program Office

    • www.epa.gov/glnpo

  • Environment Canada Great Lakes Information Management Resource

    • www.on.ec.gc.ca/glimr


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