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ESM 595 Chris Gibson. " A lake is the landscape\'s most beautiful and expressive feature. It is the earth\'s eye; looking into which the beholder measures the depth of his own nature." Henry David Thoreau, "Walden". Background Agencies

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slide2
"A lake is the landscape\'s most beautiful and expressive feature. It is the earth\'s eye; looking into which the beholder measures the depth of his own nature."

Henry David Thoreau,"Walden"

slide3
Background
  • Agencies
  • Programs/Projects
  • Updates
great lakes water quality agreement glwqa
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA)
  • Created in 1972, revised in 1978
  • Purpose is to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes basin ecosystem."
  • International Joint Commission (IJC)
slide7
The International Joint Commission prevents and resolves disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.
slide8
Remedial Action Plans (RAPS)
  • 43 total
    • 26 in US
    • 12 in Canada
    • 5 shared
  • Ecosystem approach
slide10
Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy
    • Toxics Reduction Team
    • Virtual Elimination Pilot Project
  • Pollution Prevention Grant Assistance Program
slide11
Strategy for the virtual elimination

of persistent toxic substances in

the Great Lakes

  • Acknowledges and builds on the existing Canadian and U.S. regulatory programs which address the targeted substances
  • Encourages ongoing programs or emerging initiatives to better address toxic releases
  • Provides a context of basin-wide goals for localized actions
slide12
The Four Step Analytical Process

1.Gather information

2. Analyze current regulations, initiatives, and programs which manage or control substances

3. Identify cost-effective options to achieve further reductions

4. Implement actions to work toward the goal of virtual elimination

slide13
Mercury
  • PCBs
  • Dioxin/Furans
  • Benzo[a]pyrene & HCB
  • Pesticides
  • Alkyl Lead
  • Octachlorostyrene
critical pollutants
Level I Substances

Aldrin/dieldrin Benzo(a)pyrene {B(a)P} Chlordane DDT (+DDD+DDE) Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) Alkyl-lead Mercury and mercury compounds Mirex Octachlorostyrene PCBs PCDD (Dioxins) and PCDF (Furans) Toxaphene

Level II Substances

Cadmium and cadmium compounds 1,4-dichlorobenzene 3,3\'-dichlorobenzidine Dinitropyrene Endrin Heptachlor

Hexachlorobutadiene Hexachlorocyclohexane 4,4\'-methylenebis Pentachlorobenzene Pentachlorophenol Tetrachlorobenzene

Tributyl tin

PAHs

Critical Pollutants
slide15
Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy
    • Toxics Reduction Team
    • Virtual Elimination Pilot Project
  • Pollution Prevention Grant Assistance Program
p2 grant assistance program
P2 Grant Assistance Program
  • 1992 –1995: GLNPO awarded over $1,600,000 in grants
  • Funded general P2 technical assistance to supporting activities
  • Built a network of environmental professionals
list of projects funded by the great lakes national program office in 1997
Council of Great Lakes IndustryMobilizing/Coordinating Industry Support of the Virtual Elimination Strategy

$70,000

Great Lakes United                                              Virtual Elimination Strategy Implementation Project

$70,000

Illinois Environmental Protection Agency Reducing Mercury Releases Through Pollution Prevention in Healthcare Facilities

$82,800

Indiana Department of AgricultureClean Sweeps

$30,000

Menominee Indian Tribe of WisconsinHousehold Hazardous Waste Cleansweep

$12,000

Michigan Department of AgricultureClean Sweeps

$60,000

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Mercury Pollution Prevention Project

$100,000

National Wildlife Federation                Non-governmental Organization Involvement in Implementating Virtual Elimination

$70,000

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection  A Partnership for Prevention (Mercury)

$75,000

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Pollution Prevention Specialist

$18,400

LIST OF PROJECTS FUNDED BY THE GREAT LAKES NATIONAL PROGRAM OFFICE IN 1997
slide18
Restoration of degraded sites
  • Prevention and control of pollution
  • Conservation and protection of human and ecosystem health
  • Great Lakes Cleanup Fund
slide19
Great Lakes Commission
  • Online partnership
  • State, provincial, federal and regional partner agencies and organizations
great lakes regional pollution prevention roundtable glrppr
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
  • Started in 1990
  • U.S. EPA Region 5 States
  • Today – over 160 organizations and 345 individuals from the Great Lakes States and Ontario
slide21
Ban use of mixing zones
    • 70,000 toxic pounds annually
  • Prohibits new discharges
  • 10 year phase out
  • 300/600 major industrial and municipal facilities affected
slide22
Historical P2
    • Focused on TSS and BOD loadings
    • Implemented 2º treatment facilities
  • Present P2
    • Concerned with chlorinated organics
    • Replaced elemental Cl with ClO2
  • Future P2
    • No discharge of effluent
    • Introduce the closed-cycle mill
web links
Web Links
  • Great Lakes Information Network
    • www.great-lakes.net
  • EPA Great Lakes National Program Office
    • www.epa.gov/glnpo
  • Environment Canada Great Lakes Information Management Resource
    • www.on.ec.gc.ca/glimr
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