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“Health Matters”. Cholesterol Awareness With: Vicki Lindseth, RN. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. Each year more than a million Americans have heart attacks, and about half million people die from heart disease.

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“Health Matters”

Cholesterol Awareness

With: Vicki Lindseth, RN


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September is Cholesterol Awareness Month the United States.

  • 1 out of every 3 men and 1 out of every 4 women will develop heart disease sometime in their life.

  • Whether you have heart disease or want to prevent it, you can reduce the risk of heart attack by lowering your cholesterol level.


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Why is Cholesterol so important? the United States.

  • High blood cholesterol is one of the major risk factors for heart disease.

    • A risk factor is a condition that increases your chance of getting a disease.


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How Does Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease? the United States.

  • When there is too much cholesterol (a fat like substance) in your blood, it builds up in the walls of your arteries.

  • Over time, this build up causes “hardening of the arteries”. The arteries become narrow and blood flow to the heart is slowed down or blocked.

  • Blood carries oxygen to the heart. If enough blood and oxygen cannot reach your heart, you may suffer chest pain.

  • If the blood supply to a portion of the heart is completely cut off by a blockage, the result is a heart attack.


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  • High blood cholesterol itself does not cause symptoms the United States.

  • Many people are unaware their cholesterol is too high.

  • Lowering cholesterol levels that are too high lessens the risk for developing heart disease and reduces the chance of heart attack or dying of heart disease, even if you already have it.


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Cholesterol lowering is important the United States.

for everyone:

  • younger, middle age, and older adults.

  • Women and men.

  • People with or without heart disease.


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Know your numbers, know your risk! measured every 5 years.

  • The best way to measure your cholesterol level is by having a “lipoprotein profile”.

  • This is a simple blood test performed after a 9-12 hour fast.

    This test is offered for a special reduced price at the PMC Health Fair in May.


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A Lipoprotein profile will give you information about your: measured every 5 years.

  • Total cholesterol

  • LDL (bad) cholesterol

  • HDL (good) cholesterol

  • Triglycerides-another form of fat in your blood.


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Triglycerides can also raise for HDL, higher numbers are better.

heart disease risk.

  • Levels that are borderline high= (150-199 mg/dL)

  • High = (200mg/dL or more) may require treatment for some people.


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What Affects Cholesterol Levels? for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Diet

  • Weight

  • Physical activity

  • Age and gender

  • Heredity


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Things you can control : for HDL, higher numbers are better.

Diet

Weight

Physical Activity


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Diet for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Saturated fat and cholesterol in the food you eat make your cholesterol levels go up.

  • Saturated fat is the main culprit, but cholesterol in foods also matters.

  • Reducing the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol in your diet helps lower your blood cholesterol levels.


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Weight for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Being overweight is a risk factor for heart disease.

  • It also tends to increase your cholesterol.

  • Loosing weight can help lower your LDL and total cholesterol levels, as well as raise your HDL and lower your triglyceride levels.


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Physical Activity for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Not being physically active is a risk factor for heart disease.

  • Regular physical activity can help lower LDL and raise HDL levels.

  • It also helps you loose weight.

    You should try to be physically active for 30 minutes on most, if not all days.


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Things you can not control: for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Age-As women and men get older, cholesterol levels rise. Before menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After menopause, women’s LDL levels tend to rise.

  • Heredity- Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families.


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Treating High Cholesterol for HDL, higher numbers are better.

  • Lower LDL

    • Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC)

    • Drug Treatment


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Questions????? for HDL, higher numbers are better.

Visit with your Health Care Provider

Or call

Presentation Medical Center

477-3161

Dr. Robert Percell, Cardiologist is available to see patients in Rolla at the PMC Outreach Clinic on the Third Thursday of each month.


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