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Maritime and Regional Policies 2007-2013. Patrick Bernard-Brunet European Commission Directorate-General for Regional Policy OPEN DAYS 2006 Committee of the Regions – 12 October 2006. Structure of the speech:. (1) EU Cohesion Policy: objectives & priorities

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Maritime and Regional Policies 2007-2013

  • Patrick Bernard-Brunet

  • European Commission

  • Directorate-General for Regional Policy

  • OPEN DAYS 2006

  • Committee of the Regions – 12 October 2006


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Structure of the speech:

  • (1) EU Cohesion Policy: objectives & priorities

  • Opportunities for the Maritime Areas in the 2007-2013 programming period (Regulations and Strategic Guidelines for Cohesion)

  • Other opportunities through the thematic priorities of Structural Funds and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF)


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1. Cohesion: objectives & priorities

  • The Cohesion Policy in simple words and figures:

  • competence of the EU: Article 158 of the Treaty,

  • to reduce the gap between the regions, focussing on the less-developed ones,

  • to help the regions to meet the challenges of the globalisation of the economy,

  • to improve co-operation between EU regions.

  • Cohesion policy = about 1/3 of the EU budget

  •  2000-2006: € 257 billion in total


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The disadvantaged regions (2007-2013)

  • (Overall budget for Cohesion Policy: € 308 billion)

  • “Convergence” Objective:regions in which GDP per head does not reach 75% of the average for the Union € 251,16 billion (81,54%)

  • “Regional Competitiveness and Employment” Objective: regions facing difficulties such as changes in key sectors, decline of traditional activities, economic / social crisis, deterioration in the urban areas, depopulation of rural areas € 49,13 billion (15,95%)

  • “Inter-regional Cooperation” Objective€ 7,75 billion (2,51%)

  • The main novelty: the use of the Structural Funds will be focused on Lisbon priorities (innovation and knowledge society, employment, environment and risk prevention, accessibility)



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2. References to the Maritime Areas in the ERDF Regulation and the Guidelines for Cohesion

  • Regulations : the manual of instructions for the use of Structural Funds (the role of the Commission and the managing authorities, the financial management, evaluation, committees, the scope of each fund…)

  • Strategic Guidelines for Cohesion: how to implement the EU priorities (Lisbon, Gothenburg) through the regional programmes

  • http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy

  • (in the 20 official languages of the EU)


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2. References to the Maritime Areas and the Guidelines for Cohesionin the new ERDF Regulation

  • "Convergence" Objective:

  • No specific reference, but no restriction since the 11 fields of intervention for the ERDF apply to the coastal areas

  • "Regional competitiveness/Employment" Objective:

  • Strengthening secondary transport networks by improving links to TEN-T networks, to regional railway hubs, airports and ports, or to multimodal platforms… and by promoting regional and local inland waterways, and short-sea shipping


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2. References to the Maritime Areas and the Guidelines for Cohesionin the new ERDF Regulation

  • "Territorial Cooperation" Objective:

  • Cross-border cooperation

  • No specific reference, but no restriction since the fields of intervention apply to the coastal areas (joint protection of natural resources, access to transport to reduce isolation, joint use of social infrastructures,…)

  • Trans-national cooperation

  • Actions may include: protection and management of river basins, coastal zones, marine resources…, the promotion of maritime securityand protection against natural and technological risks


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2. References to the Maritime Areas in and the Guidelines for Cohesionthe Strategic Guidelines for Cohesion

  • Expand and improve transport infrastructure

  • More attention should be paid to developing the 'motorways of the sea'and to short-sea shipping as a viable alternative to long-distance road and rail transport

  • (without distinction between Convergence and Competitiveness objectives)

  • Transnational cooperation

  • The actions envisaged include the prevention of natural hazards, water management at river basin level, integrated maritime cooperation and R&D/innovation networks


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2. References to the Maritime Areas in and the Guidelines for Cohesionthe Strategic Guidelines for Cohesion

  • Taking account of the territorial dimension of cohesion policy

  • Cohesion policy can also play a central role in improving the situation regions suffering from handicaps due to their insularity, remoteness (such as the outermost or Arctic regions), by promoting better accessibility, notably in the case of services of general economic interest, by sustaining economic activity and by promoting economic diversification on the basis of their endogenous capacities and natural endowments

  • Cf. ERDF Regulation Art. 10 (Areas with geographical and natural handicaps)


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3. Other opportunities through the and the Guidelines for Cohesionthematic priorities of Structural Funds

  • → How to retain and attract people in remote coastal areas?

  • → How to diversify their activities?

  • Accessibility and coverage with services of general economic interest:

  • short sea shipping, multimodal platforms (sea, rail, road)

  • ICT: web access, e-services, e-health

  • water supply, energy, postal services, health, waste treatment

  • Support to SMEs, RTD & innovation in coastal areas:

  • Creation of SMEs / clusters between SMEs and local universities

  • maritime industry, fishery and aquaculture, sustainable tourism,

  • renewable energy and environment


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Complementarity between the ERDF and and the Guidelines for Cohesionthe European Fisheries Fund (EFF)

  • Risk of overlapping:

  • Infrastructure related to accessibility / transport (fishing ports),

  • Processing and marketing infrastructure in fishery and aquaculture,

  • Economic diversification, support to SMEs, tourism

  • Procedures to ensure complementarity and demarcation:

  • ERDF Regulation: demarcation ERDF/ EFF at the level of the OP,

  • Guidelines: the Member States should ensure complementarity and coherence between actions to be financed by the ERDF, Cohesion Fund, ESF, EFF and EAFRD. The demarcation line should be defined at the level of National Strategic Reference Framework

  • (in principle: ERDF → large scale projects // EFF → small scale projects)


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  • Thank you for your attention and the Guidelines for Cohesion

  • http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy

  • presentation of the all Operational Programmes and their context (economic situation, budget and priorities of the programmes, managing authorities to contact…)

  • http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs

  • background paper N°5 on regional issues


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