The political economy of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. What is HIV-AIDS?. http :// www . who . int / topics / hiv_aids / en /. HIV prevalence. http :// www . unaids . org / globalreport / HIV_prevalence_map . htm. Study Table 1. Social determinants. Decades long political conflicts
The political economy of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia
The nature of the garment industry means that employees can easily be fired (kicked out of factories). Without jobs women become vulnerable and might end up in brothels.
Furthermore, female garment workers are often considered to be bad girls in their home villages. Many fiancés in villages do not want to marry their girlfriends living in the cities once they know that their girlfriends work in garment factories and are free to meet other men.
As Cambodia is a very poor country, the Cambodian government does not crack down on sex tourism, because sex tourism means money. Thus, as the government does not limit the demand, vulnerable women and children keep filling (are forced to) the supply side.
Thailand does not have a better track record. Look at what is going on in Bangkok, Pattaya, Phuket and Koh Samui.
“This study argues that trade liberalization, as one of the social determinants of the epidemic, helps create the necessary context and conditions for the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia”
Most developed countries use about 6 or 7% of GDP for health. So all countries need to improve their spending on hospitals, the pharmaceutical industry, education of doctors and nurses, care of babies and old people, etc. etc!