Herb Gardens through History
Download
1 / 38

Herb Garden - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 525 Views
  • Updated On :

Herb Gardens through History and the Plants Therein Ancient gardens: *Egypt *Islamic *Chinese *Christian monasteries *English Physic gardens Modern gardens. Egyptian garden - formal, with blue walled, & white lotus flowers on the central pond. D. Bown, p. 12, 1995.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Herb Garden' - medwin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

Herb Gardens through History

and the Plants Therein

Ancient gardens:

*Egypt

*Islamic

*Chinese

*Christian monasteries

*English Physic gardens

Modern gardens


Slide2 l.jpg

Egyptian

garden -

formal,

with blue

walled,

& white

lotus flowers

on the central

pond.

D. Bown,

p. 12, 1995.


Slide3 l.jpg

Islamic garden

design - enclosed

and intimate. Plants

of fruit and nut

trees, vines and

scented flowers,

outlined by

pools of water.

The Sultan takes

refreshment and

listens to music.


Slide4 l.jpg

A biblical herb

garden design,

Connecticut:

Damask rose

‘Celsiana’ is focal

point, 3 theme

gardens - Legends,

Mary, & Culinary.

High maintenance

garden - regular

clipping of ivy &

absinthe to

maintain form.


Slide5 l.jpg

The

Chinese

Emperor

Shen

Nung,

wrote

one of the

earliest

herbals

in 200

B.C. He

emphasized

practical

skills.


Slide6 l.jpg

The herb garden at the Cloisters in New York City. It

contains herbs used during the Middle Ages - lavender,

thyme, rosemary, betony, meadowsweet, rue, ….


Slide7 l.jpg

Close-up, the Cloisters, showing wattle fence around

apple tree, various herbs and flowers.


Slide8 l.jpg

4 rings form this knot garden, with barberry and germander

as the rings and a dwarf box draws the design together in the

center. 4 specimens accent the 4 corners and creeping thyme

varieties are planted inside the rings. Garden is easily viewed

from the house.





Slide12 l.jpg

In the 1400’s, a doctor selects herbs for medicinal uses from the

herb garden, which contains both herbs and decorative plants.

From Roman de la Rose (c. 1400).


Slide13 l.jpg

Herbal from the

concoctions

had many uses

including

removing pests

from the

head.


Slide14 l.jpg

A woodcut from from the

Brunschwig’s

1500 book,

Liber de Arte

Distillandi,

Strassburg.

Scene in a medieval

herb garden -

harvesting, drying,

storing,

distilling, …..


Slide15 l.jpg

Harvesting from the

sage leaves,

a popular

medieval

herb.


Slide16 l.jpg

Doctrine of Signatures or Similars: the shape or appearance from the

of an herb indicates what illness it will cure.

Doctrine of Contraries: opposites can cure illness,

e.g. hot fever is treated with cool mints


Slide17 l.jpg

Examples of herbals…. from the

Hippocrates, 400 B.C., an herbal with 400 recipes

Dioscorides, a Greek physician, 60 A.D., De Materia Medica

Li Shi Zhen, Chinese herbalist, 1590, 52 volume practical

compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

Girard, 1600, Elizabethan gardner, Girard’s Herbal, 1000 species

Parkinson, 1630, Theatrum Botanicum, 3800 spp.,

herbalist to Charles I

Culpepper, 1652, English apothecary, The Complete Herbal

zodiac and herbal remedies


Slide18 l.jpg

Hippocrates (500 B.C.) believed in the balance among the from the

4 elements and their associated humors.



Slide20 l.jpg

Dioscorides’ De Materia from the

Medica - the most influential

Western herbal of all time, a

standard reference for

>1500 years! Descriptions

of 600+ herbs. Dioscorides

was a Greek physician who

lived in Rome and

served Anthony and

Cleopatra.



Slide22 l.jpg

John Girard was compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

an English gardener

and herbalist (1597)

who wrote The

Generall Historie

of Plants. It includes

descriptions of plants

from around the

world.


Slide23 l.jpg

John Parkinson wrote the compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

largest herbal in English,

published in 1640. The

title “Paradisus in Sole”

is a play on his name

…Park..in…son.


Slide24 l.jpg

Culpepper’s The compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

English Physitian was

a very popular herbal, it

contained astrological

descriptions of almost

400 herbs. He believed

in the Doctrine of

Signatures and enraged

physicians by his

arrogant disregard for

their learning.


Slide25 l.jpg

Modern herb gardens… compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

*Chelsea Physic garden, London, England

*Cranbourne Manor, England

*George Washington’s Mount Vernon VA

*National Arboretum, DC

*US Botanic Garden

*Cleveland Botanic Garden

*Catnip Acres Connecticut

*Denver Botanic Garden

*Huntington Botanic Garden

Small Features in herb gardens….

*Chamomile Thyme Lawn

*Chamomile Urn

*Wheelbarrow

*Sage & Santolina

*A Narrow herb Garden


Slide26 l.jpg

The Chelsea compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

Physic

Garden,

London

England


Slide27 l.jpg

Shakespeare compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

wrote about many

herbs in his plays….

‘pray remember,

rosemary for

remembrance….”

A few herbs were

difficult to find -

earth smoke (Fumaria),

oxlip (Primula),

samphire (Crithmum),

but many others are

still in use today.


Slide28 l.jpg

Cranbourne compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

Manor -

a formal herb

garden with

clipped boxwood

hedges that

create dark and

light areas.


Slide30 l.jpg

National Arboretum, compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

Washington DC

topiary herb

knot garden


Slide31 l.jpg

National Arboretum Knot Garden, Washington DC compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants


Slide32 l.jpg

US Botanic Garden - formal knot herb garden compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants


Slide33 l.jpg

Cleveland’s Botanic Garden with a very formal compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants

herb knot garden.



Slide35 l.jpg

Denver Botanic Garden compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants


Slide36 l.jpg

Huntington CA Botanic Garden compendia, 2000 drugs, 1170 plants


Slide37 l.jpg

An urn of daisies surrounded A chamomile and thyme

by chamomile. Lawn - hard to maintain.


Slide38 l.jpg

Dark purple sage and yellow thyme

Lady’s mantle with lavender

and mint in the background.

A wheelbarrow full

of herbs in pots

makes a small

herb garden.


ad