Greece and geography warm up
Download
1 / 27

Greece and Geography Warm-up - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 314 Views
  • Updated On :

Greece and Geography Warm-up. Definition: settlement- a small community or village shelter- a place that provides protection from weather, such as a house Colonist- a person who lives in a colony 4. merchant- a person who makes money by selling goods.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Greece and Geography Warm-up' - medwin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Greece and geography warm up l.jpg

Greece and GeographyWarm-up

  • Definition:

  • settlement- a small community or village

  • shelter- a place that provides protection from weather, such as a house

  • Colonist- a person who lives in a colony

  • 4. merchant- a person who makes money by selling goods

Please write all of the following definitions and create a sentence for each in your notebooks in the first 10 minutes of class. If you have any questions ,

please raise your hand.


Introduction to greece l.jpg
Introduction to Greece

  • Intro

  • Geography


Geography and the settlement of greece l.jpg
Geography and the Settlement of Greece

  • Ancient Greece flourished between 750 and 338 B.C.E

  • Ancient Greek art, ideas and writings continue to influence us today

  • Greece is a small country in southern Europe

  • It is shaped like a little hand


Activity please complete on the left side of your notebook l.jpg
ActivityPlease complete on the left side of your notebook

  • Use a world map in the back of your

    textbook to locate Greece.

  • Sketch the shape of Greece (like a hand) on

    on your notebook page

  • While you listen and take notes today, you

    must record 10 things you learned inside

    the outline of Greece


Greece geography continued l.jpg
Greece Geography Continued

  • The mainland of Greece is a peninsula, meaning it is surrounded by water on 3 sides

  • Greece also includes many islands throughout the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas

  • The mainland of Greece is steep and rocky

  • The ancient Greeks lived on small farms or in small villages scattered throughout the country

  • The farms and villages were isolated from one another because of the mountains



Isolated communities and the difficulties of travel l.jpg
Isolated Communities and the Difficulties of Travel

  • In ancient Greece, people were isolated from one another because of the mountains

  • It was difficult to travel over the mountains, so there was little communication between settlements

  • Travel by land was especially difficult

  • People traveled by foot or carts pulled by oxen or mules

  • Roads were unpaved

  • Sharp rocks would break wooden wheels and wagons would get stuck in the mud

  • Only wealthy people could afford to ride horses


Isolation problems continued l.jpg
Isolation Problems Continued

  • Travelers could stop by inns along main roads, but many inns provided only shelter

  • People had to bring food, water and another supplies to last throughout their journeys

  • Slaves or pack animals would carry bedding and other necessities

  • With all of these necessities, people would have to travel in groups and it would take long periods of time

  • There was always the danger of being attacked by robbers


Travel made easier l.jpg
Travel made Easier

  • Traveling by boat was easier, but it was still uncomfortable and could be dangerous

  • Travelers could be attacked by pirates

  • The greatest danger was the sea itself

  • Sudden storms could drive ships off course, sometimes sending them into the rocky shoreline

  • Even in open waters, ships could sink


Travel by sea l.jpg
Travel by Sea

  • The Greeks treated the sea with great respect

  • Whenever possible, sailors kept their boats close to shore

  • They sailed only during daylight hours and stopped each night to anchor

  • A wise captain always made a sacrifice to the sea god Poseidon before sailing


Farming in ancient greece l.jpg
Farming in Ancient Greece

  • Most people in Ancient Greece survived by farming

  • Farming was not easy in the mountainous land

  • Even in the plains and valleys, the land was rocky and water was scarce

  • No major rivers are located in Greece and it usually only rains in the winter


Farming continued l.jpg
Farming continued

  • Some farmers built large steps from the earth so they would have more flat land for farming

  • Some farmers grew wheat and barley but most grew crops that needed less land

  • Crops that need less land are grapes and olives

  • Greeks made olive oil from the olives, which was used for cooking and lighting lamps


Farming continued13 l.jpg
Farming Continued

  • Ancient Greek farmers grew food for their own families

  • They had small vegetable gardens

  • They also planted fruit and nut trees

  • Some Greek farmers kept bees to make honey

  • Honey was the best known sweetner in the ancient world


Farming continued14 l.jpg
Farming continued

  • Greek farmers also raised animals

  • Instead of cattle, which need lots of flat land to graze, they raised sheep and goats

  • Sheep were used for their wool to make clothes, while goats provided milk and cheese

  • Farmers kept a few oxen, donkeys and mules for plowing and transportation

  • Some Greek families also kept chickens and pigs


Farming and fighting l.jpg
Farming and Fighting

  • The shortage of good farmland sometimes led to wars between Greek settlements

  • Some settlements were forced to look beyond the mainland to find new sources of goods and food


Starting colonies l.jpg
Starting Colonies

  • As populations in Greece grew some settlements did not have enough food to feed all their people

  • One solution to this problem was to start a new colony

  • Colonies are settlements in distant places

  • Many Greek communities sent people over the sea to see if they could find food or places to grow food

  • These people were called colonists


Colonists l.jpg
Colonists

  • Colonists had many preparations to make before starting their journey

  • Often they began by consulting the Greek gods

  • An oracle was a holy person whom they believed could communicate with the gods


Partner activity part 1 l.jpg
Partner ActivityPart 1

Pretend you have been chosen by your

community to become a colonist. Write one

paragraph describing what type of land you

hope to find (what resources will it have,

what will it look like?).

Write a second paragraph praising the

Greek gods and asking them if you will be

successful.


Partner activity part 2 l.jpg
Partner ActivityPart 2

Pretend you are a Greek oracle who will

need to respond to the colonist. Write one

paragraph telling him/her what land they

will find and if they will be successful.


Colonists preparations continued l.jpg
Colonists Preparations Continued

  • The colonists also gathered food and supplies

  • They made sure to take the burning flame from their town’s sacred fire so they could start a sacred fire in the new land


Starting a colony l.jpg
Starting a Colony

  • Starting a colony was hard work

  • They first had to survive a long sea voyage

  • After the sea voyage they had to locate a place safe enough to start a colony

  • They looked for places that had natural harbors (close to water) and good farmland

  • They also looked for a place that was not populated with people who may try and get rid of them

  • Finally they had to work hard to establish the farming and community


Making successful colonies l.jpg
Making Successful Colonies

  • The Greeks established colonies over a period of 300 years, from 1000 to 650 B.C.E

  • The first group of colonies was called Ionia in present day Turkey

  • Later they started colonies in Spain, France, Italy, Africa and the coast of the Black Sea

  • The colonies helped spread Greek culture


Success of colonies continued l.jpg
Success of Colonies Continued

  • Some of the colonies became wealthy through farming and trade

  • Colonists shared the rights and freedoms of the people in the mainland of Greece

  • Including the right to participate in the Greek athletic games.


Trading for needed goods l.jpg
Trading for Needed Goods

  • Many settlements on the mainland traded to get the goods they needed

  • Some settlements had enough farmland to get what they needed but others needed to trade to survive

  • Olive oil, pottery and wine from the mainland were traded with grain, timber and metals from the colonies


How trading worked l.jpg
How Trading Worked

  • Most goods traveled on ships owned by merchants

  • Merchant ships were built of wood, with large rectangular cloth sails

  • Merchants built their ships for places to store goods rather than for speed

  • The ships traveled about 3 to 5 miles per hour

  • A one way trip to mainland would take about 2 months


Navigating the ships l.jpg
Navigating the Ships

  • Navigating the ships was difficult

  • The Greeks had no compasses or charts

  • They had only the stars to guide them

  • The stars would tell sailors where they were, but they could not tell them about potential dangers

  • No lighthouses warned them of coastline dangers

  • Despite the dangers trade flourished in Greece and the colonies


Activity l.jpg
Activity

Create a merchant trade ships

1.Use the description from your notes to draw the ship and make sure to include some of the goods that would have been carried.

2.Write one paragraph describing where your ship will be traveling, what goods you will be trading and why the colony is trading these goods.


ad