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Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the global Internet for the public good. John L. Crain, Chief Technical Officer, ICANN

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Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the global Internet for the public good. John L. Crain, Chief Technical Officer, ICANN [email protected] A little about the IANA. Jon Postel first started keeping track of numbers around 1969. (In a notebook)

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Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the globalInternet for the public good.

John L. Crain, Chief Technical Officer, ICANN

[email protected]

a little about the iana
A little about the IANA
  • Jon Postel first started keeping track of numbers around 1969. (In a notebook)
  • Added staff in the early 80’s (Joyce Reynolds, now RFC editor)
  • Started being called “the IANA” in the late 80’s
  • Became a function of ICANN in 1998
what does the iana do
What does the IANA do?
  • Registers Unique Identifiers and related information for use on the Internet.
  • IP Addresses, AS #’s, Port #’s, many others… including TLD’s.
    • That last bit effects you 
country code top level domains
Country Code Top Level Domains
  • Referred to as a CcTLD
  • codes are assigned from a table known as ISO-3166-1
  • IANA current practices summary is called ICP1
    • http://www.icann.org/icp/icp-1.htm
services for cctld s
Services for CcTLD’s
  • Mainly related to changes in the root zone or whois data.
    • Change of DNS servers
    • Change of IP addresses for DNS servers
    • Change of POC details (Point Of Contact)
cctld changes
CcTLD changes
  • Make sure you have all of your data in order
  • Check at
    • http://www.iana.org/cctld/cctld-whois.htm
samples
Samples
  • http://www.iana.org/root-whois/nl.htm

.nl – Netherlands

  • http://www.iana.org/root-whois/br.htm

.br - Brazil

making changes
Making Changes

Be sure of the changes that you want to make!

Think them through! Write them down!

Make sure that everyone involved at your end is aware of the upcoming change!!

(Tech Contact and Admin Contact)

the template
The Template

Text version currently available from IANA website

http://www.iana.org/tld/cctld-template.txt

Will automatically generate templates in the future

fill out the relevant parts
Fill out the relevant parts

Fill in each section but if no change,

write “No Change”

Will save everyone’s time 

1 description and 2 tld
(1) Description and (2) TLD

1. Purpose/Description.............: Free text describing the change

“Renumbering Server”, “Changing contact data”, “Adding servers”, “Deleting Server”

2. Top-Level Domain Name...........: Country Code

“tl”, “mn”, “la”, “kz”, “nl”, “bn”, “br”, “th” etc

3 sponsoring organisation
(3) Sponsoring Organisation

3a. Organization Name (Registrant)..: “No Change”

3b. Street Address..................:

3c. City............................:

3d. State...........................:

3e. Postal Code.....................:

3f. Country Code (2 letter).........:

4 administrative contact
(4) Administrative Contact
  • 4a. (omitted)
  • 4b. (I)ndividual or (R)ole?.........: No Change
  • 4c. Name............................:
  • 4d. Organization Name...............:
  • 4e. Street Address..................:
  • 4f. City............................:
  • 4g. State...........................:
  • 4h. Postal Code.....................:
  • 4i. Country Code (2 letter).........:
  • 4j. Phone Number....................:
  • 4k. Fax Number......................:
  • 4l. Email Address...................:
5 technical contact
(5) Technical Contact
  • 5a. (omitted)
  • 5b. (I)ndividual or (R)ole?.........:
  • 5c. Name............................:
  • 5d. Organization Name...............:
  • 5e. Street Address..................:
  • 5f. City............................:
  • 5g. State...........................:
  • 5h. Postal Code.....................:
  • 5i. Country Code (2 letter).........:
  • 5j. Phone Number....................:
  • 5k. Fax Number......................:
  • 5l. Email Address...................:
6 primary name server
(6) Primary Name Server
  • 6a. Primary Server Hostname.........:
  • 6b. Primary Server Netaddress.......:
  • a is the name such as ns.primary.nl
  • b is the IP address such as 193.0.0.193
7 secondary name server repeat as needed
(7) Secondary Name Server (repeat as needed)
  • 7a. Secondary Server Hostname.......:
  • 7b. Secondary Server Netaddress.....:
  • 7a. Secondary Server Hostname.......:
  • 7b. Secondary Server Netaddress.....:
8 registration and 9 whois
(8) Registration and (9)Whois
  • 8. URL for Registration Services...:
    • “http://www.nic.nl
  • 9. Whois Server....................:
    • “whois.nic.nl”
confirmation
Confirmation
  • IANA staff will ask for confirmation from both the administrative contact and the technical contact.
  • Make sure they both know the changes are happening!!
  • Confirmations don’t take place without their confirmation.
technical checks
Technical checks
  • IANA staff will check that the servers are there and responding correctly.
  • If there are technical issues, IANA staff will work with you to resolve them.
current policy issues
Current policy issues
  • Policies will and do change
  • http://www.iana.org/procedures/comments.html

(Refer to document)

assuming all is ok
Assuming all is ok
  • IANA will forward the changes to the NTIA of the USDoC who check only that process was followed.
  • The changes get forwarded to VeriSign who update the zone.
policy and icann
Policy and ICANN
  • ccNSO: http://ccnso.icann.org/
  • “The ccNSO is the policy development body for a narrow range of global ccTLD issues within the ICANN structure”

Joining?

  • http://ccnso.icann.org/applications/clean-app.shtml
usefull links
Usefull links
  • IANA main page
    • http://www.iana.org
  • CcTLD whois data
    • http://www.iana.org/cctld/cctld-whois.htm
  • ICP1 (IANA practices)
    • http://www.icann.org/icp/icp-1.htm
  • Format, Content, and Technical Requirements for Requests to Change TLD Contact Information
    • http://www.iana.org/cctld/contact-change-requests-09may01.htm
useful links
Useful links
  • Template for changes
    • http://www.iana.org/tld/cctld-template.txt
  • Step by step procedure
    • http://www.iana.org/cctld/nameserver-change-procedures-13may03.htm
  • ICANN main page
    • http://www.icann.org
  • ccNSO:
    • http://ccnso.cann.org
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