Parturition
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Parturition. Parturition. What is it? The process of giving birth. Signs of Parturition. Distended (swollen) udder Fluid from udder changes from a watery solution to the thick, milky colostrum Muscles in the rear begin to shrink and fall away enlargement & swelling of the vulva

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Parturition

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Parturition

Parturition


Parturition1

Parturition

  • What is it?

    • The process of giving birth


Signs of parturition

Signs of Parturition

  • Distended (swollen) udder

  • Fluid from udder changes from a watery solution to the thick, milky colostrum

  • Muscles in the rear begin to shrink and fall away

  • enlargement & swelling of the vulva

  • Nervous & uneasy behavior

  • Muscular contractions as labor begins


Presentation of the fetus

Presentation of the Fetus

  • The first water bag appears on the outside, increasing in size until it ruptures due to its own weight.

  • Immediately after the first water bag, the amniotic bladder (the second water bag) follows, containing the fetus.

  • The amniotic bladder ruptures, straining on the female becomes more pronounced and presentation of the fetus soon follows.


Normal presentation

Normal Presentation

  • The most common presentation is as follows:

    • front feet first, followed by the nose resting on them

    • Shoulders

    • Middle

    • Hips

    • Hind feet and legs

  • If presentation is normal & within 1-2 hours after the first signs of labor, no assistance is necessary.


Abnormal presentation

Abnormal Presentation

  • Anterior Presentations:

    • Hind feet in pelvis

    • Both forelegs bent at the knees

    • Head upward & backward

    • One foreleg bent at knee


Abnormal presentations

Abnormal Presentations

  • Buttock Presentation

  • Back Presentation


Abnormal presentation1

Abnormal Presentation

  • What should be done to assist if problems occur?


Post partum care

Post-Partum Care

  • Make sure offspring has received colostrum

    • What is Colostrum

      • First milk containing antibodies

  • Dry off offspring if the mother hasn’t after about 30 minutes

  • Dip umbilical cord/navel in iodine to prevent infection


Newborn calf

Newborn Calf

  • A vigorous calf will attempt to stand in about 15 minutes and will usually be nursing within 30 - 60 minutes.

  • Human assistance is sometimes necessary to get a calf to begin nursing. The weaker the calf, the longer it takes for it to begin nursing.

  • Clean newborn animals using appropriate resources, to ensure that they are dry. Gently remove all mucus and foreign matter from the mouth and nasal passage.


The afterbirth

The Afterbirth

  • Three to six hours after parturition the placenta is expelled.

    • The placenta is commonly known as the afterbirth.

  • If the placenta remains in the cow for more than 24 hours, it must be removed manually.


Supplies

Supplies

  • Obstetrical Chains

  • Calf Puller

  • Plastic Gloves

  • Disinfectant

  • Vaseline

  • Navel Cord Clamp

  • Iodine


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