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Parturition. Parturition. What is it? The process of giving birth. Signs of Parturition. Distended (swollen) udder Fluid from udder changes from a watery solution to the thick, milky colostrum Muscles in the rear begin to shrink and fall away enlargement & swelling of the vulva

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Presentation Transcript
parturition1
Parturition
  • What is it?
    • The process of giving birth
signs of parturition
Signs of Parturition
  • Distended (swollen) udder
  • Fluid from udder changes from a watery solution to the thick, milky colostrum
  • Muscles in the rear begin to shrink and fall away
  • enlargement & swelling of the vulva
  • Nervous & uneasy behavior
  • Muscular contractions as labor begins
presentation of the fetus
Presentation of the Fetus
  • The first water bag appears on the outside, increasing in size until it ruptures due to its own weight.
  • Immediately after the first water bag, the amniotic bladder (the second water bag) follows, containing the fetus.
  • The amniotic bladder ruptures, straining on the female becomes more pronounced and presentation of the fetus soon follows.
normal presentation
Normal Presentation
  • The most common presentation is as follows:
    • front feet first, followed by the nose resting on them
    • Shoulders
    • Middle
    • Hips
    • Hind feet and legs
  • If presentation is normal & within 1-2 hours after the first signs of labor, no assistance is necessary.
abnormal presentation
Abnormal Presentation
  • Anterior Presentations:
    • Hind feet in pelvis
    • Both forelegs bent at the knees
    • Head upward & backward
    • One foreleg bent at knee
abnormal presentations
Abnormal Presentations
  • Buttock Presentation
  • Back Presentation
abnormal presentation1
Abnormal Presentation
  • What should be done to assist if problems occur?
post partum care
Post-Partum Care
  • Make sure offspring has received colostrum
    • What is Colostrum
      • First milk containing antibodies
  • Dry off offspring if the mother hasn’t after about 30 minutes
  • Dip umbilical cord/navel in iodine to prevent infection
newborn calf
Newborn Calf
  • A vigorous calf will attempt to stand in about 15 minutes and will usually be nursing within 30 - 60 minutes.
  • Human assistance is sometimes necessary to get a calf to begin nursing. The weaker the calf, the longer it takes for it to begin nursing.
  • Clean newborn animals using appropriate resources, to ensure that they are dry. Gently remove all mucus and foreign matter from the mouth and nasal passage.
the afterbirth
The Afterbirth
  • Three to six hours after parturition the placenta is expelled.
    • The placenta is commonly known as the afterbirth.
  • If the placenta remains in the cow for more than 24 hours, it must be removed manually.
supplies
Supplies
  • Obstetrical Chains
  • Calf Puller
  • Plastic Gloves
  • Disinfectant
  • Vaseline
  • Navel Cord Clamp
  • Iodine