The Project: “Conservation and Sustainable Use Grapevine Genetic Resources in the Caucasus and Northern Black Sea Region”. D. Maghradze - The Project Facilitator. France, 23 March, 2007.
The Project: “Conservation and Sustainable Use Grapevine Genetic Resources in the Caucasus and Northern Black Sea Region”
D. Maghradze - The Project Facilitator
France, 23 March, 2007
The Project Coordinates by the European Office of the Bioversity International (Former IPGRI - International Plant Genetic Recourses Institute)
Financial Support of the Government of Luxembourg
The Network of the Project
The Project Facilitator
Res. Inst. of Viticulture and Winemaking
Fellowship and Research
Acad. of Viticulture, Winemaking
Centre de Recherche Public-Gabriel Lippmann
Inst. of Horticulture, Viticulture
The University of Milan
National Inst. for Viticulture and Oenology
Inst. of Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof
Kuban State Agrarian University
Laboratory of archaiobotanic, Rome
Crimean Res. Station of N.I. Vavilov
Inst. of Plant Industry
Nat. Inst. for Vine and Wine “Magarach”
ECP/GR and the Working group on Vitis
Motives and Aim of the Project
The AIM is identifying, collecting, characterizing and conservingthe rich diversity of grapevine genetic resources throughout the Caucasus and the Northern Black Sea region as a basis to improve local viticulture and wine making industry.
Investigation sanitary conditions of old collections
Inventory of local varieties
Mobilization and identification of local varieties & clones
Establishment of new collections
Characterization and description of varieties
Research biodiversity of national grapevines
Inventory of autochthonous grapevine (Vitis sp.) varieties in Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Moldova, Russian Federation and Ukraine was made in 2004.
During implementation this task each countries made observation of their collections, defined more exactly number of existing local (autochthonous, clones, breeding) varieties of project partners and evaluated their conditions with synonyms and some important agronomic traits.
Total number of accessions in the database are 3354from 13 collections
On the basis of the inventory 2004 a database of the Project has been completed in the Excel format, including: institute numbers, names, synonyms, FAO codes for institutions, basic information about their location, origin and sanitary conditions.
The database has been transferred to Dr E. Maul for including it in the European Vitis Database.
2 new collections have been established in the framework of IPGRI’s project :
ARMENIA: A new Ararat collection was established with 190 accessions (90 varieties and 120 clones) in 2005. There are planted autochthonous varieties, their clones and few number of breeding varieties of Armenia.
GEORGIA: New Vashlidjvari collection was established in 2003 in which total number of accessions reached to 350 for today. There are planted Georgian autochthonous varieties, their clones and breeding varieties of Georgia in the collection.
Identified variety from Crimea
TheAim of the fellowships was capacity building among researchers from east and west Europe and transferring basic knowledge to increase Vitis research ability in Ukraine, Russia and Georgia.
The project facilitates development of a molecular lab at the “Magarach” inst.
Investigation of Georgian Germplasm at the University of Milan
Goal - to research biodiversity of Georgian autochthonous varieties by using modern techniques of ampelography and molecular genetics
Characterization of Ukrainian varieties
34 varieties from Ukraine were investigated in the Centre de Recherche Public - Gabriell Lippmann (LUX) with 6 microsatelite loci. Level of heterosigosity and genetic relation have been described among varieties. The dendrogram has been constructed.
7 local varieties of Ukraine have been investigated according to anthocyanins analyzes at the “Magarach” institute.
Characterization of Varieties
Description of Important Autochthonous Varieties for Publication
Historical & geographical background
Intra-variety variability (clones, biotypes)
Susceptibility to pests and diseases
Fruit usage (W, T, R)
Type of wine / Fruit characteristic
50varieties per country will be described
One oral presentation and one poster were presented on the 9th International Conference on Grape Genetics and Breeding in Udine, Italy, in 2-6 June, 2006.
In the book“LA VITE E L’UOMO – Dal rompicapo delle origini al salvataggo delle reliquie”, by F. Del Zan, O. Failla and A. Scienza (edit.) was supported to published basic information about viticulture of the region’s countries and descriptions of they essential varieties.
Publications about the Project
The poster was presented on the 9th International Conference on Grape Genetics and Breeding in Udine, Italy, in 2-6 June, 2006.
The text of this presentation will be published in ‘Acta Horticulturae’ of the ISHS.
The oral presentation about the experience of the collaborative network within the project and some results of the activities was reported on the European Workshop “National Plant genetic resources programmes: from research to policy making”
(15-18 Nov. Luxembourg)
.Archaeobotanical research in the field of ancient grapevine biodiversity was facilitated in the region and information about grapevine fossils from Georgia and Ukraine were collected.
Two trainings have been organized for investigation of archaeological and modern seeds.