Assessment in education 4th annual sadc conference
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ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE. Conference Sub-theme: Standards-based educational reform Tittle of Paper: Educational Standards, What they are and Why they Matter? Planting the Seed of a Standards-led Educational Reform Movement in Botswana Presenter Magolegwa Kwele.

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ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE

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Assessment in education 4th annual sadc conference
ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE

Conference Sub-theme: Standards-based educational reform

Tittle of Paper:

Educational Standards, What they are and Why they Matter? Planting the Seed of a Standards-led Educational Reform Movement in Botswana

Presenter

Magolegwa Kwele


The quest for quality in education
The Quest for Quality in Education

  • Desire to improve quality of education by all education systems

  • Quality of education as a changing phenomenon

  • No One off solution


Indicators of quality
Indicators of Quality

  • Production of individuals who are able to exercise their right and responsibility as citizens

  • Ability of the individual to live competitively and successfully within the local and international arena


Intervention adopted in the past to improve quality
Intervention Adopted in the Past to Improve Quality

  • Quality in education and promulgation of reforms

    - Curriculum Reforms

    -Teaching methods

    -Teacher pupil ratios

    -Teacher qualifications

  • Failure to produce minimal effects


Major weaknesses of some of the intervention strategies
Major Weaknesses of Some of the Intervention Strategies

  • The Lopsidedness of the approaches

    -exclusive focus on inputs

    -exclusive focus on outcomes

    -disregarding the process level

  • Lack of integration/alignment

  • Failure to consider group differences


The need for a new approach towards dealing with the problem
The Need for a New Approach Towards Dealing with the problem

  • First world countries and the standards-based education reform

  • Emphasis on standard rather than simple comparisons made on the basis of numeric scores


What is a standard
What is a Standard

  • Acceptable level of quality-Oxford

  • A criterion for acceptable outcomes-Wiley,

    (1997)

  • Standards currently permeate modern man’s life


Features of standards based system
Features of Standards-Based System

  • A systematic approach

  • Articulation and publicising of the different types of standards

  • Accountability system


Types of educational standards
Types of Educational Standards

  • Content or Academic Standards

  • Performance Standards

  • Opportunity to Learn (OTL) Standards


Botswana s education context
Botswana’s Education Context

Education is characterised by:

  • Centralised systems

  • Quantitative improvement at input level

  • High priority on national budget


Problems affecting the standard of education in botswana
Problems Affecting the Standard of Education in Botswana

  • Low levels of achievement

  • Variability in achievement of learners

  • Disparities in the classroom experiences of learners

  • Lack of accountability


Way forward for the botswana education system
Way Forward for the Botswana Education System

  • Systemic approach to education reform should be embraced

  • Challenging standards for all

  • Stakeholder involvement

  • Consideration of OTL standards

  • An accountability system should be developed


Implications
Implications

  • Resource implication

  • Accommodation of change and growth in policy formulation

  • Internalisation of a standards driven culture in education

  • Building teachers’ capacity to implement standards-based approach


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