Assessment in education 4th annual sadc conference
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ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE. Conference Sub-theme: Standards-based educational reform Tittle of Paper: Educational Standards, What they are and Why they Matter? Planting the Seed of a Standards-led Educational Reform Movement in Botswana Presenter Magolegwa Kwele.

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ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE

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ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATION 4th ANNUAL SADC CONFERENCE

Conference Sub-theme: Standards-based educational reform

Tittle of Paper:

Educational Standards, What they are and Why they Matter? Planting the Seed of a Standards-led Educational Reform Movement in Botswana

Presenter

Magolegwa Kwele


The Quest for Quality in Education

  • Desire to improve quality of education by all education systems

  • Quality of education as a changing phenomenon

  • No One off solution


Indicators of Quality

  • Production of individuals who are able to exercise their right and responsibility as citizens

  • Ability of the individual to live competitively and successfully within the local and international arena


Intervention Adopted in the Past to Improve Quality

  • Quality in education and promulgation of reforms

    - Curriculum Reforms

    -Teaching methods

    -Teacher pupil ratios

    -Teacher qualifications

  • Failure to produce minimal effects


Major Weaknesses of Some of the Intervention Strategies

  • The Lopsidedness of the approaches

    -exclusive focus on inputs

    -exclusive focus on outcomes

    -disregarding the process level

  • Lack of integration/alignment

  • Failure to consider group differences


The Need for a New Approach Towards Dealing with the problem

  • First world countries and the standards-based education reform

  • Emphasis on standard rather than simple comparisons made on the basis of numeric scores


What is a Standard

  • Acceptable level of quality-Oxford

  • A criterion for acceptable outcomes-Wiley,

    (1997)

  • Standards currently permeate modern man’s life


Features of Standards-Based System

  • A systematic approach

  • Articulation and publicising of the different types of standards

  • Accountability system


Types of Educational Standards

  • Content or Academic Standards

  • Performance Standards

  • Opportunity to Learn (OTL) Standards


Botswana’s Education Context

Education is characterised by:

  • Centralised systems

  • Quantitative improvement at input level

  • High priority on national budget


Problems Affecting the Standard of Education in Botswana

  • Low levels of achievement

  • Variability in achievement of learners

  • Disparities in the classroom experiences of learners

  • Lack of accountability


Way Forward for the Botswana Education System

  • Systemic approach to education reform should be embraced

  • Challenging standards for all

  • Stakeholder involvement

  • Consideration of OTL standards

  • An accountability system should be developed


Implications

  • Resource implication

  • Accommodation of change and growth in policy formulation

  • Internalisation of a standards driven culture in education

  • Building teachers’ capacity to implement standards-based approach


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