Energycane first year
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 35

Energycane : First Year PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 43 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Energycane : First Year. Brian Baldwin, Herbaceous Feedstocks Meeting San Antonio, Texas 22 February 2010. Energycane. Hybrid of sugarcane and wild cane Bred for high fiber, high biomass Tolerance to cold weather Fermentable sugars. Concept. Energycane

Download Presentation

Energycane : First Year

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Energycane first year

Energycane:First Year

Brian Baldwin,

Herbaceous Feedstocks Meeting

San Antonio, Texas

22 February 2010


Energycane

Energycane

  • Hybrid of sugarcane and wild cane

  • Bred for high fiber, high biomass

  • Tolerance to cold weather

  • Fermentable sugars


Concept

Concept

  • Energycane

    • Cellulose for bioethanol/biomass

      • High yields and perennial

      • Limitations of sugarcane’s abilities in the “North”

      • Sugarcane infrastructure in place

    • Advantage of sucrose

      • Can be fermented if harvestable

      • Sugary bagasse is subject to enhanced fermentation as a precursor to cellulose SSF

      • Capture-able with slow pyrolysis


Common energycane germplasm

Common Energycane Germplasm

*from USDA-ARS-SRU, Houma, LA


Base field dimensions

Base Field Dimensions

  • Plot = 10 m x 3 rows (6m)

    • Sacrifice row (Brix)

    • Harvest 2 rows

  • Base Rep = 10m x 30m

  • Base Test = 132m x 30m

    • (or any combination)

      • inclusion of other genotypes


Spring

Spring

  • Emergence data – date and rating (shoots/plot)

  • Date of 50% emergence and soil temp

  • Data during growing season

    • Height, bi-weekly

    • Brix monthly from sacrifice row


Energycane first year

July

  • Stalk counts and diameter


Fall 2009

Fall 2009

  • Harvest Data EOS

    • Each location needs to fix that time

      • Stalk count and diameter

      • Final height

      • Rating after first hard frost (differences?)

      • Final Brix – want a 50 ml sap sample, freeze

      • Fresh harvest weight

        • Sap yield

        • Stalk moist weight

        • Stalk dry weight

        • Stalk samples for fiber analysis

Starkville MS; Nov 2007


Fall winter

Fall/Winter

  • Harvest (other two rows)

    • Moisture

    • Southern locations

    • Harvest and weigh


Energycane first year

Planting prep Sept. 2007


Energycane first year

Planting of seed cane


Energycane first year

Plant establishment November 2007


Energycane first year

February 2008


Energycane first year

First Year Field

Starkville, MS; Oct 2007


Energycane first year

Starkville November 2007


Energycane first year

Starkville -November 2007


Energycane first year

Starkville - February 2008


Doe feedstock partnership collaborators

DoE Feedstock Partnership Collaborators

  • Bill Anderson via Wayne Hanna (USDA via UGA, Tifton, GA)

  • Brian Baldwin (MSU, Starkville, MS)

  • Jürg Blumenthal (TAMU, College Station, TX)

  • Charlie Brummer (UGA, Athens, GA) – 2008 addition

  • Kenneth Gravois (LSU, St. Gabriel, LA)

  • Jimmy Ray Parish (MSU, Raymond MS)

  • Ed Richard /Tom Tew/Anna Hale (ARS-SRU, Houma, LA)

  • GoroUehara, (U Hawaii, Waimanalo) – 2009 addition

  • Ted Wilson, et al. (TAMU, Beaumont, TX)


Energycane first year

Athens

Starkville

Raymond

Tifton

College Station

St. Gabriel

Houma

Beaumont

Honalulu


Energycane first year

Athens

Starkville

Raymond

Tifton

College Station

St. Gabriel

Houma

Beaumont

Honalulu


Issues major factors

Issues/Major Factors


Obstacles to data collection

Obstacles to Data Collection

  • El Niño

    • Rain, rain, rain, rain, rain, and still rain

    • Starkville ended 2009 @ 84.5” (54” normal)

    • Same at: Tifton, Athens, St. Gabriel

  • The weight of biomass

    • Energycane harvested at 60-70% moisture

    • A dry weight of 3 T/A is actually 4.2 T/A

    • Most sites harvest by hand


Energycane brix starkville october 2008 and 2009

EnergycaneBrixStarkville, October 2008 and 2009

Brix %

Sweet Sorghum

Sugarcane

Energycane


Energycane first year

35

30

25

20

Mean Heights (m)

Monthly Mean Temperature (oC)

15

10

5

0

St. Gabriel, LA (oC)

Starkville, MS (oC)


First year energycane dm yield by location

First Year Energycane DM Yield by Location


Energycane first year

Mean Mg/ha


First year dry matter yield energycane 2009 2010

First Year Dry Matter Yield Energycane 2009-2010


Summary findings

Summary Findings

  • Brix affected by rain

  • Brix affected by genotype

  • Spring onset of growth different

    • Early onset in genotypes closer to sugarcane can lead to higher yields at the southern locations

    • Early onset of genotypes closer to wild cane are not good for maximum growth in the “North” (spring frost)


Summary findings cont d

Summary Findings, cont’d

  • Yield varies by genotype

  • Location matters, with Tifton, GA toping locations

    • Well-drained soils, with excellent rainfall

  • Ho 72-114 seems best adapted to all locations tested.


Energycane first year

US 72-114 (Chacahoula, LA )

US 72-114 (Starkville MS)


Energycane drawbacks

Energycane Drawbacks

  • Energycane

    • Of tropical origin

      • Not photoperiodically senescing

        • Wet harvest

        • Removal of nutrients

      • Limitations of sugarcane’s abilities in the “North”

    • Advantage of sucrose

      • Limited accumulation, especially with excess rain

      • Sugar and fiber are inversely proportional

    • Associative nitrogen fixation


Trans species comparison starkville 2008

Trans-species Comparison(Starkville 2008)

(Mg/ha)

Tonnage


Energycane first year

2009 Second Year Energycane Field

Tifton, GA


  • Login