Egypt religion
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EGYPT - Religion. Gods and Godesses, Book of Dead, Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife. Gods and Goddesses. Ancient Egyptians worship of 2000 different gods Before Egypt was united their were 40 tribes all with different gods

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EGYPT - Religion

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Egypt religion

EGYPT - Religion

Gods and Godesses, Book of Dead,Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife


Gods and goddesses

Gods and Goddesses

  • Ancient Egyptians worship of 2000 different gods

  • Before Egypt was united their were 40 tribes all with different gods

  • After all the Gods were kept, meaning many gods had similar characteristics

  • Animals were considered the living images of the gods


How gods dress

How Gods Dress

Tunic with suspenders.

Dress with suspenders.

The short loincloth

The short-sleeved overall

The full-length dress


Important gods ra re

Important Gods Ra (re)

Sun God

Appearance:

A man with the head of a

Hawk wearing a sun disk headdress

He was the most important God

The ancient Egyptians believed that each night Ra was swallowed night by Nut, the sky goddess then reborn in the morning.


Important gods ma at

Important Gods Ma’at

Appearance:

A Woman with a feather on top

of her head

Ma'at was the goddess of truth, justice and harmony.

Ma’at was often associated with the balance of things on earth


Important gods thoth

Important GodsThoth

Appearance: A man with

the head of an ibis holding

a writing palette

Thoth was the god of knowledge and writing

It was said that he gave the gift of hieroglyphics


Important gods anubis

Important GodsAnubis

Appearance: A Man

with the head of a jackal

Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead.

Jackals were often seen found in cemeteries, because of this it was believed that Anubis watched over the dead.


Important gods horus

Important GodsHorus

Appearance: Man with

the head of a hawk

Horus was a god of the sky.

He is the protector of the ruler

of Egypt.

It was believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.


Important gods osiris

Important GodsOsiris

Appearance: A mummified

man who is wearing a white

headdress with feathers

Osiris was the god of the dead,

and ruler of the Underworld.

Osiris was also the god of vegetation (plant matter) that’s why he is green in appearance.


Important gods amun

Important GodsAmun

Appearance: A Man

with a ram-head wearing

an ostrich feather hat

Amun was one of the

most powerful gods in

ancient Egypt.

At the height of Egyptian civilization he was called the 'King of the Gods'.


Important gods atum

Important GodsAtum

Appearance: Man with

the double crown

Atum was a creator god.

It was belived that Atum was

the first god to exist on earth.


Book of the dead reu nu pert em hru

BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru)

  • In Egyptian called reu nu pert em hru which translates into "The Book of Coming forth by Day"

  • Contains spells, charms, passwords and numbers to help secure an easy passage for the deceased into the afterife

  • Egyptians believed that knowledge of the appropriate spells was essential to achieving happiness in the next life

  • The book of the Dead was first inscribed on the sarcophogaus of the deceased in 1600 BCE, then later written on papyrus paper

The book of dead inscribed on tomb 

 weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather


Book of the dead reu nu pert em hru1

BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru)

  • there are many different versions of the Book of the Dead including:

  • copies inscribed in the tombs of Kings from the fifth dynasty and edited by priests of Annu

  • written on papyrus paper and organized into chapters containing only hieroglyphics

The book of dead inscribed on tomb 

 weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather


Book of the dead reu nu pert em hru2

BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru)

  • Spell 125 is one of the most well known segments which is the judging of the soul done by Osiris and his 42 judges

  • The weighing of the heart against Ma'at is considered one of the more important chapters

  • "Book of the Dead" meant to aid deceased in not dying a second time and becoming an akh

The book of dead inscribed on tomb 

 weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather


Spirit of the dead

SPIRIT OF THE DEAD

  • Egyptians believe that each person is composed of three essential elements:

    • ka (life force),

    • ba (soul/personality),

    • and the body in which the soul is kept

  • Ka, ba and akh are believed to be immortal aspects of the soul thus remaining alive inside the body after death

  • Ba

    Ka 


Spirit of the dead1

SPIRIT OF THE DEAD

  • In the Opening of the Mouth ceremony, the ba and ka are released into the next world

  • Upon death, the ba and ka become separated from the body but remain alive

  • Because the body of the deceased is mummified, the body must rely on the ba to seek out the ka

  • Ba leaving the body


Spirit of the dead2

SPIRIT OF THE DEAD

  • During the night when Ra visits the underworld, the ba are allowed to freely roam but

    must always return to the underworld

    because that is where the body

    lies and the ba and body are part

    of the same being

  • If the ba is successful in reuniting itself

    with the ka, it becomes an akh


Spirit of the dead3

SPIRIT OF THE DEAD

  • If successful in becoming an akh,

    the akh inhabits the world after

    as it is believed by the Egyptians that

    three kinds of beings inhabit the world

    after death: gods, the dead (those

    who's ba and ka have not been united)

    and akhs

  • Akhs are believed to be the "spirit

    of the dead"


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