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Adolf Hitler. From Artist to Fuhrer. Early Life. Born April 20, 1889 in Austria 1 of 6 children, 3 of his siblings died at early ages Hitler hated his father, Alois , there may have been some potential Jewish roots through his grandfather

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adolf hitler

Adolf Hitler

From Artist to Fuhrer

early life
Early Life
  • Born April 20, 1889 in Austria
  • 1 of 6 children, 3 of his siblings died at early ages
  • Hitler hated his father, Alois, there may have been some potential Jewish roots through his grandfather
  • Hitler was very close to his mother, Klara, and was VERY upset when she died of breast cancer when he was 18
education
Education
  • Hitler’s father wanted him to be a civil servant, but after his father’s death he tried to get into the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts.
  • He was shunned from the Academy and ended up living in Austria in poor conditions and often on the streets. He painted and tried to sell these to people to make money.
vienna where it all began
Vienna – where it all began
  • Influences from living on the street mainly German nationalism and Anti-Semitism
    • Hatred of Jewish businessmen that had so much and he had so little.
    • Wanted a stronger Germany
krieg
KRIEG!
  • WWI broke out in August, and Germany joined with Austria.
    • Hatred for Slavs
    • Left Vienna for Germany
    • Conscripted
  • Hitler joined the Bavarian Unit of the German Army
world war i
World War I
  • Served as a messenger
    • Awarded 2 Iron Cross Medals
    • Promotion
  • Wounded
    • Shell, Gas
  • Outraged when the war ended
  • Why do you think Hitler and other German soldiers were outraged?
treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles

What were the conditions?

weimar republic
Weimar Republic
  • Overthrow of the Kaiser and a small democracy was set up
  • Germany was at political and economical unrest
    • Rise of communists and fascists
  • Not many people trusted the center, they were either leftist or towards the right
  • Joined the Free Corps organization
  • World War I defined his values
german workers party
German Workers Party
  • Spied on them in 1919, and got intrigued by them
  • Passionate speaker, and he started to draw lots of attention from Germans
    • Member number 7
  • Became the spokesperson and renamed the organization to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NDSAP) or known as the Nazi Party in 1920.
  • Adopted the Swastika as a symbol of strength
  • Used the Free Corps as muscle, renamed as the SA or the Sturmabteilung.
rise of the party and the putsch
Rise of the Party and the Putsch
  • Party appealed to many Germans. Hitler seemed like a man with all the answers
  • Used Jews as a scapegoat for the loss of the war and horrible economic times.
1923 munich putsch
1923 Munich Putsch
  • Stormed a beer hall and announced a revolution had begun.
  • Very poorly planned and executed, and Hitler was arrested and tried for treason
  • Imprisoned at Landsberg prison, and this is where he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) in 1925.
  • His message resonated with many of the inmates
  • Only served 9 months before being released.
political rise
Political Rise
  • Nazis wanted their power through elections
  • 1930 election : 18% of the vote.
  • 1932: 30% of the vote.
  • Hitler ran against Paul von Hindenburg for President but lost.
  • Nazis caused political unrest in the Reichstag (German Parliament)
  • How do you think Hindenburg solved the issue?

“Freedom and Bread”

deal with the devil
Deal with the Devil…
  • Hindenburg agreed to make Hitler Chancellor in exchange for political support.
  • Celebrated with a torch-lit parade
    • Horst-Wessel Lied
from chancellor to german fuhrer
From Chancellor to German Fuhrer
  • Reichstag Fire
    • Communists blamed
    • Maybe staged?
  • Enabling Act
    • Gives Hitler full control of leadership
  • Night of the Long Knives
    • Political, SA
  • Hindenburg dies in 1934, Hitler becomes successor
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