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Spanish Explorations. Unification of Spain. Initially several states Mostly Muslim Ferdinand and Isabel’s marriage Defeated Muslim leader, Abu-al- Hasan Unite various states into Spain. Catholic Spain. Spanish Inquisition Converso (conversions) or expellsiun. Ambitions to Go Abroad.

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Unification of spain
Unification of Spain

  • Initially several states

  • Mostly Muslim

  • Ferdinand and Isabel’s marriage

  • Defeated Muslim leader, Abu-al-Hasan

  • Unite various states into Spain


Catholic spain
Catholic Spain

  • Spanish Inquisition

  • Converso (conversions) or expellsiun


Ambitions to go abroad
Ambitions to Go Abroad

  • Severed relations with Ottoman Empire

  • Portugal found route around Africa

  • Decided not to go northward

  • Only other option: Westward across the Atlantic Ocean


Christopher columbus
Christopher Columbus

  • Conflicting reports

  • Based research off of Marco Polo

  • Miscalculated circumference of the Earth

  • Quest for a donor


Columbus voyages
Columbus’ Voyages

  • 1492

  • 1493

  • 1498

  • 1502


Spain and portugal
Spain and Portugal

  • Rivalries

  • Pope Alexander VI

  • Treaty of Tordesilla(1449)


Conquest of the aztecs
Conquest of the Aztecs

  • Cortes arrives in 1519

  • Initially amicable relationship

  • Kills off huge percentage of Aztec population

  • Disrupted Aztec tribute system


Conquest of the incas
Conquest of the Incas

  • 1533, first encounter

  • Emperor Arahaulpa

  • Conquistador Francisco Pizarro

  • Disease decimates Inca civilization


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