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Women and the Post Independence State. Women and Civil War With the exception of Chile and Brazil, most Latin American nations experienced decades of civil wars How could the colonial order continue in the midst of war? What could politicians promise women? White women Casta women

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women and the post independence state
Women and the Post Independence State
  • Women and Civil War
    • With the exception of Chile and Brazil, most Latin American nations experienced decades of civil wars
    • How could the colonial order continue in the midst of war?
    • What could politicians promise women?
      • White women
      • Casta women
  • How can we measure women’s importance to the new nation state?
    • Examine legislation regarding gender
    • Look at efforts to educate women
    • Examine women in the national family
    • Women as subjects and citizens
what do we mean by the national family
What do we mean by the national family?
  • If the family was the basic unit of society during the colonial period, how could that be continued after independence?
  • Did the family need to be reinvented?—Look at the first novels men wrote in Latin America
  • Did mothers have a new role in post independence Latin America?
  • Benedict Anderson’s ideas of an “imagined community”
republican motherhood
Republican Motherhood
  • How do we define “Republican motherhood?”
  • How do we invent a new nation? Benedict Anderson’s concept of the Imagined Community
  • Who will be its citizens?
  • What is the role of reproduction compared to patriarchy?
  • How does a state promote reproduction?
  • Does it challenge patriarchy and/or the Church to advance state needs?
how did concepts of liberalism affect women
How did concepts of liberalism affect women?
  • Is liberalism in the 19th century the same as liberalism in the 20th century?
  • Did it vary from country to country?
  • How would issues such as gender, race and ethnicity be factors in thinking about liberalism in Latin America?
political liberalism
Political Liberalism
  • Contract between the governed and the leaders
  • Male equality
  • Guarantee of economic freedom from monopoly, onerous taxation
  • Elimination of special privileges for specific groups of men—church, military, merchants
church and state relations
Church and State Relations
  • In Latin America, many liberals are anti-clerical
  • By the late nineteenth century the keeping of birth and death records, as well as the recording of marriages taken away from the church
  • In some countries anti-clericalism could take a violent form
  • How does this affect women?
liberalism and the family
Liberalism and the Family
  • In the US and Great Britain, the family was not given special privileges by liberal governments
  • Look at US constitution and define the family
  • Look at the French Civil Code of 1804, however, and you see something quite different
  • Where does Latin America fit in?
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