Why Service-Learning?. What is Service-Learning?. Service and learning are two words that alone needn’t be defined, but to put the two words together as Service-Learning , one gets a hybrid definition of both. Its meaning incorporates both knowledge and
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What is Service-Learning?
Service and learning are two words that alone
needn’t be defined, but to put the two words together
as Service-Learning, one gets a hybrid definition of
both. Its meaning incorporates both knowledge and
experience with action and responsibility, which
ultimately enhances education and develops altruistic
ideals and civic responsibility.
History of Service-Learning
The need for service organizations began in the early
1900’s when small towns and villages grew into
larger metropolises eroding the neighborhood
community network. The growing need for service
caused some individuals to respond with
community based action that eventually evolved
into a national effort.
That Was Then; This is Now
service connected curriculum
service-learning between 1984 to 1997 grew 3663 percent!
“I learned the people I served are like me”
“I learned to understand myself better”
“I learned to appreciate other cultures”
THROUGH THE SERVICE-LEARNING EXPERIENCE STUDENTS DEVELOP
Strong leadership skills
Public speaking skills
Ability to work with others
Tolerance for diversity
PERSONAL & INTERPERSONAL DEVELOPMENT
Dewey's "Developmental Democracy"
Service-learning - A new idea?
“… when you apply what you’re learning that’s the way you really learn it… if you don’t practice it, you’re not going to learn it…”-University of San Diego student
SERVICE-LEARNING PROVIDES STUDENTS
A deeper understanding of what is learned in the classroom
The ability to use what is learned
The ability to apply knowledge to real life situations and social issues
Specific skills learned within the context of the service site.
“Service, combined with
value to each and
-Honnet & Poulsen 1989
The role of reflection in
service-learning is to provide
the transformative link
between the action of serving
and the ideas and
understanding of learning.
“… I think the main thing that helps is that all of us in the organization, we sit down and talk about the different problems . . . We do it every Sunday . . . sit down and talk about the different things.”
-Bentley College Student
Small group discussion
Creative expression through art, role play, presentations or other types of projects
Methods of Reflection
Goals of Reflection
The 4 C’s: Principles of Reflection
“All those things we had to do for service-learning. Each one successfully helped me to pull together what I’d learned. As you’re going along, you’re not really seeing what you’re learning every minute. But, when you have to pull it all together and really think about it, I think it helped me realize what had taken place.” -University of San Diego student
“Well, in my opinion. I think that what’s helpful for me is to have personal and also group reflection . . . I think there’s something really important in having a voice and sharing your opinions and ideas and bouncing those off other people.” -University of Colorado student
“After I write down my thoughts and everything, I can look back and find answers to questions that I thought were impossible to find. Like I’ve found answers to some questions just through writing what has happened.” -East Tennessee State University student
Value of Reflection
“I can honestly say that I’ve learned more in this last year in community service than I probably have learned in all four years of college. I’ve learned so much. Maybe because I found something that I’m really passionate about and it makes you care more to learn about it-and to get involved and do more.”
-University of Washington student
Service-learning motivates students to learn
it aids in personal development
helps students connect to others
helps students develop commitment to active citizenship
enhances understanding of issues and subject matter
helps students apply knowledge and skills they learn in one setting to other settings
Service-learning coupled with critical reflection helps students reframe the way they think about complex social issues