Elements of a short story terms
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Elements of a Short Story: Terms. (Review: Plot, Characters) Point of View, Symbol, Irony, Foreshadowing, Flashback. Plot. The chain of related events that take place in a story. The plot of a short story centers around conflict. Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces.

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Elements of a Short Story: Terms

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Elements of a short story terms

Elements of a Short Story: Terms

(Review: Plot, Characters)

Point of View, Symbol, Irony, Foreshadowing, Flashback


Elements of a short story terms

Plot

  • The chain of related events that take place in a story.

  • The plot of a short story centers around conflict. Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces.

  • Complications build the reader’s excitement.


Elements of a short story terms

Plot at a Glance

climax

falling action

rising action

resolution

exposition


Elements of a short story terms

  • Exposition-

  • gives the background of the story

  • Rising Action-

  • introduces complications; builds suspense

  • Climax-

  • the turning point of the story

  • suspense reaches its peak

  • Falling Action-

    • the events and complications begin to resolve themselves

  • Resolution-

    • the final outcome or untangling of events in the story, usually ties up loose ends


  • Elements of a short story terms

    • Types of Characters

    • Main or Minor

    • Protagonist or Antagonist

    • Round or Flat

    • Dynamic or Static

    • *Stereotypes=Stock Characters*


    Character

    Character:

    • Protagonist: Clearly central to the story with all major events having some importance to this character

    • Antagonist: The opposer of the main character


    Methods of characterization creating believable characters

    Indirect

    physical appearance

    speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of the character

    The speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of other characters about that character

    Direct

    the narrator’s direct comments about a character

    Methods of CharacterizationCreating Believable Characters


    Round vs flat

    Round vs. Flat

    Round:

    • Complex, three dimensional, multiple aspects…a varied, complete, portrait of a person-usually more realistic and believable

    • May change/grow during the story

    Flat:

    • Usually only one or two traits, stereotypical, simplistic characters-often stereotypes

    • Never change in the story, despite what happens to them


    Dynamic vs static

    Dynamic vs. Static

    Dynamic:

    A round character that CHANGES during the course of the story due to some event, obstacle, conflict or plot device

    (Think: dynamite changes things:)

    Static:

    A round or flat character that does not change during the course of the story, despite the conflict or plot…

    (Think: stays the same)


    Elements of a short story terms

    Point of Viewor . . .

    (Who’s telling this story anyway?)

    -the vantage point from which the story is told.

    -determines how much we, the readers, know about the characters.


    Elements of a short story terms

    • 1st Person

    • Narrator is a character in the story.

    • Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I, me, my, we, us, our to refer to himself or herself.

    • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character and speaks directly to reader.


    Elements of a short story terms

    • 3rd Person Limited

    • Narrator does not participate in action of story.

    • Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. Third person pronouns used (he, she, they, them)

    • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character, but readers are able to maintain some emotional distance from the character.


    Elements of a short story terms

    • 3rd Person Omniscient

    • (All-knowing)

    • Narrator does not participate in action of story.

    • Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. Third person pronouns used (he, she, they, them)

    • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all/many characters; readers get insight into several characters.


    Elements of a short story terms

    What is a symbol?


    Elements of a short story terms

    A symbol is a person, a place, an activity, or an object that stands for something beyond itself.


    Irony

    Irony

    The contrast between what is expected….

    and what is real


    3 kinds of irony

    3 Kinds of Irony:

    • Verbal Irony: Writer says one thing…but means another

      (Think: sarcasm)

    • Situational Irony: What we expect to happen is contradictory to what really happens

      (Think: Surprise!!!)

      3. Dramatic Irony: When the audience (reader) knows something important that a character doesn’t

      (Think: I know Juliet isn’t really dead, but Romeo doesn’t…)


    Foreshadowing

    Foreshadowing:

    • Hints or clues of what is to come in a story

    • It is a method often used to build suspense

    • Think: shadows of what that will happen that come before it actually happens


    Flashback

    Flashback:

    • A reference to an event that takes place prior to the beginning of the story

    • Think: flashing back to something that happened earlier


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