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Changing the way we work to improve Quality Primary Education for Disadvantaged Children Presented by Dang Tu An Dep - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Changing the way we work to improve Quality Primary Education for Disadvantaged Children Presented by Dang Tu An Department Director - PEDC Project Manager. Quality PE for Disadvantaged Children. Why? What? definition of educationally disadvantaged concept of FSQL How?

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Changing the way we work to improve Quality Primary Education for Disadvantaged ChildrenPresented byDang Tu An Department Director - PEDC Project Manager


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Quality PE for Disadvantaged Children

  • Why?

  • What?

    • definition of educationally disadvantaged

    • concept of FSQL

  • How?

    • Targeting (minimize the gap)

    • Implementation (decentralization approach)

    • Financing (outputs based rather than inputs)

    • Monitoring and Evaluation (process, performance indicator)

  • Challenges


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Why quality PE for disadvantaged Children?


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Why quality PE for disadvantaged Children?(cont.)


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Definition(s)

  • Who are educationally disadvantaged children and why are they disadvantaged ?

    • not attend primary school

    • not “ready to learn”

    • drop-out or non-attended

    • Non achievers

  • Quality PE - the concept of FSQL - 5 elements:

    • School organization and management

    • Teacher development (competency-based standards)

    • Physical infrastructure, learning material and facilities

    • Community participation, and

    • Educational outcomes


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What is quality PE for Disadvantaged Children?

  • provide necessary both pedagogical and non-pedagogical interventions to:

    • get children into school,

    • ensure all pupils complete primary education,

    • ensure all children have the opportunity to reach their full potential and meet a defined standard of learning performance.

  • strengthenpolicy environment,management system; and

  • improve funding mechanism => focusing on education outputs rather than inputs




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Program Framework

  • Using National EFA Action Plan as a coherent sub-sector development plan

  • Identify the targeted districts, schools

  • Applying minimum service standards (Fundamental School Quality Levels)

  • Monitoring progress and outcomes


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Identify the targeted districts and schools

  • Districts ranked according to “FSQL-gap” needs, using educational index:

    • Enrolment rate

    • Drop-out and repeating rate

    • Completion proxy

    • Student performance outcomes



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Program implementation Framework

  • District and school level as focus of operation

  • District and school output targets agreed upon through a “contract” as condition for receiving finance – school and district development plan


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Program Financing Framework

  • Calculating the financing gap to raise schools in disadvantaged districts to FSQL

  • Flow of financing through contractual arrangements to provinces, district and school in accordance with pro-poor, FSQL-deficiency-related criteria,

  • Monitoring and accountability over implementation process and education outputs.

    • Family contributions are significant and need to be phased out as they are a barrier to access


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Monitoring and Evaluation

  • Performance indicators –database from district and school audits

    • Educational indicators

    • Management process

    • policy indicators


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Change the way we work

Student

participation

& achiev.

National

Policy change

M&E

Local

Sch/Com.

Planning & Manag’t

funding


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Challenges

  • New initiatives => Policy vs. Practice

    • Decentralization => greater autonomy to school

    • Professional development => aim to competency based evaluation

    • community participation =>other than financial contribution

    • Funding mechanism => FSQL deficiency and education outputs.

    • Student assessment=> to achieve min standards

  • Institutional changes, coordination among GOV agencies =>role of MPI, MOF, and MOET

  • M&E => ensure that support to the most needy schools and children


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It’s long way to get there….. butTogether ….we make the difference

Thank you!


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