ToR # 06. POLICY OPTIONS FOR SUPPORTING AGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION IN BANGLADESH. IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTION. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) United International University (UIU). STUDY TEAM. Outline of the Presentation. Definition of agricultural diversification
ToR # 06
POLICY OPTIONS FOR SUPPORTING AGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)
United International University (UIU)
Outline of the Presentation
- Expenditure on cereals decreased 28.87% to 28.41% in urban areas and 41.23% to 39.62% in rural areas between 2000 and 2010.
- Expen. on fruits rose from 4.10% to 5.29% and from 2.59% to 3.49% in urban and rural areas.
- Expen. on fish, meat & eggs and spices rose at national level from 12.48% to 13.71%; 8.02% to 10.31% and 7.13% to 9.99%.
What are the past trends of acreage and production of major food commodities and to what extent they differ from the trends of neighbouring countries like India and Pakistan?
What are the changes in the consumption of different food commodities and how they are related to domestic food production?
What changes have been taken place in financial and economic profitability of different food commodities over time and how they affect their production?
What are the constraints to and opportunities for agricultural diversification in Bangladesh?
What are the determinants of agricultural diversification in Bangladesh?
DATA AND METHODOLOGY
PRESENTATION OF RESULTS
PROFITABILITY AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS
Figure 4.3 Benefit cost ratio of modern variety rice production in Bangladesh
Figure 4.5 Benefit cost ratio of wheat production over time in Bangladesh
Figure 4.6 Benefit cost ratio of maize production over time in Bangladesh
Figure 4.8 Relative profitability of cereal, fibre and pulse crops production
Figure 4.11 Benefit cost ratio of fruits production in Bangladesh
The productions of all crops and non-crops enterprises are profitable
2. The profitability of non-cereal crop production is higher than cereal crop production.
3. Perennial fruit prod. are the best and livestock & poultry are the least profitable agricultural commodities.
Source: Rashid et al.2009
Karim et al. 2011
Growth in Production, Acreage and Yield and their decomposition
Comparative Analysis of Bangladesh performance with India and Pakistan
Table 5.1 Index of area, production
and yield of rice crops
Table 5.3 Index of area, producton
and yield of maize
Table 5.4 Index of area, production
and yield of sugarcane
Figure 5.1 Changes in yields (t/ac) of selected
spice crops over the years
Table 5.26 Growth decomposition in production of
cereals in Bangladesh, 1990-2009 (%)
Table 5.28 Growth decomposition in production of sugarcane
in Bangladesh, 1990-2009 (%)
Table 6.1 Comparative indices of area, production and yield
of cereal crops, 1990-2009
Table 6.2 Comparative indices of area, production and yield of fruits
Table 6.3 Comparative indices of area, production and yield
Table 6.4 Comparative indices of area, production and yield of pulses, oilseeds and spices
Table 6.5 Comparative indices of production and yield
of livestock products
DIVERSIFICATION IN FOOD CONSUMPTION
Table 7.2 Trend of per capita availability of major food items in Bangladesh, 1990-2009
Figure 7.1 Per capita consumption of major foods in Bangladesh
Table 7.3 Per capita per day intake (gm)
of major food items by residence
Table 7.4 Per capita intake (gm/day) of major food items by poor and non-poor
7.5 Per capita consumption (gm/day) of major food items by operated land
DIVERSIFICATION IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
The overall agricultural diversity is increasing with fluctuating nature.
A sharp increase that took place in 2007 which was due to the combined effect of sharp increase in the productions and prices of some vegetables, spices, fruits, and fishes.
The highest AD took place at Chittagong and Barisal region over the time due to the increase of the productions and prices of some non-cereal commodities.
The lowest AD took place at Rangpur and Rajshahi region. Its implying a wide scope for diversifying agriculture through introducing high value crops and non-crop commodity to the existing agricultural farming in future.
Comparative ADI of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, 2010
Marginal effect of different variables included in the probit model
Dependent variable = ADI (0 to 1)
Marginal effect of variables determining AD at national level
Figure 9.3 Share of cereal net import over total agricultural trade for Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, 1990-2009
Note: +ve sign represents net import and –ve sign represents net export
4 Share of non-cereal net import over total agricultural trade for Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, 1990-2009
David Dawe, Agricultural Economist, FAO
Mr. CiroFiorillo, CTA, NFPCSP-FAO
Dr. ShahinIaqukb, TAT member, NFPCSP-FAO
Dr. ShaheAlam, TAT member, NFPCSP-FAO
THANKS TO ALL