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The French Revolution. Ch 12 Sec 2. The Spread of the Revolution. King Louis XVI allowed the Estates to Meet. But moved troops to Paris and Versailles. This lead to a general panic known as the Great Fear. Peasants thought that the nobles were planning to crush the rebellion.

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the spread of the revolution
The Spread of the Revolution
  • King Louis XVI allowed the Estates to Meet.
    • But moved troops to Paris and Versailles.
    • This lead to a general panic known as the Great Fear.
      • Peasants thought that the nobles were planning to crush the rebellion.
      • Lafayette formed a National Guard to keep control.
      • The National Assembly ended all Feudal obligations, by 1789 Feudalism was gone in France.
declaration of the rights of man
Declaration of the Rights of Man.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man.
    • Stated that men are born equal and remain equal before the law.
    • Granted freedom of speech, of the press, and of religion.
    • Slogan of the French Revolution “liberty, equality, fraternity.”
    • Rights did not apply to women.
migr s and royalist
Émigrés and royalist
  • Many nobles fled France and went to G.B., Germany, Switzerland and Germany.
  • They plotted how to overthrown the revolution.
  • Many stayed behind in France and lived at the palace with the King.
national convention
National Convention
  • When the Legislative Assembly ended the National Convention took over.
    • National Convention was divided into three groups.
      • Girondins – Feared domination by Paris.
      • Jacobins -- Favored domination by Paris.
        • Lead by Danton, Robespierre and Marat.
      • No definite favor -- but later supported the Jacobins.
national convention1
National Convention
  • The National Convention ruled for three years.
    • First act was to end the monarchy and to begin the republic.
      • Put the king on trial and sentenced him to death on Jan 21, 1793.
exporting the revolution
Exporting the Revolution
  • The French National Convention defeated the Austrian and Prussian forces and invaded the Austrian Netherlands.
    • Monarchs in Europe thought the French would try to over throw them also.
    • Committee of Public Safety.
      • Was set up to direct the army in crushing foreign invaders.
      • They conscripted (drafted) men in to the military.
reign of terror
Reign of Terror
  • Lasted from Sept 1793 to July 1794.
  • Purpose was to eliminate all internal and external enemies to the Republic.
    • Executed nobles, peasants and workers.
  • Danton, wanted to stop the Reign of Terror in the Spring of 1794.
    • Robespierre did not want to and had Danton killed.
    • Robespierre was eventually arrested and executed and the Reign of Terror ended.
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