The latin west 1200 1500
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The Latin West 1200-1500. AP World History Ch 16. Chapter 16 Topics. Rural Growth and Crisis Urban Revival Learning, Literature and Renaissance Political and Military Transformations. Tips for understanding. Read the introduction to chapter pg. 394 Review timeline

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The Latin West 1200-1500

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The latin west 1200 1500

The Latin West 1200-1500

AP World History

Ch 16


Chapter 16 topics

Chapter 16 Topics

  • Rural Growth and Crisis

  • Urban Revival

  • Learning, Literature and Renaissance

  • Political and Military Transformations


Tips for understanding

Tips for understanding

  • Read the introduction to chapter pg. 394

  • Review timeline

  • Read conclusion page 415

  • Read “Environment and Technology” section pg. 406 The Clock


Part 1 rural growth and crisis

Part 1. Rural Growth and Crisis


The latin west

The Latin West

  • Western Europeans regarded themselves as “Latin”

  • due to their allegiance to the Latin rites of Christianity and to the Pope in Rome.

  • Latin was also the language used by their literate members.


The latin west1

The Latin West

  • 90% of the western European population was rural during the late Middle Ages.

  • The manor system did not create a huge surplus of food.

  • Peasants overworked and underpaid by Lords


Three field system

Three Field System

  • Agricultural system used to increase crop yields.

  • Crops grown on 2/3 of land.

  • 1/3 of farm planted in oats.

  • Oats replenished the soil and fed draft animals to help work fields.

  • 54 hour week avg. for farmers.

  • Population growth leads to new settlements as food production increases.


The latin west 1200 1500

  • Swamps drained forests cleared for farms.

  • After 1250 many farming on land with poor soil

  • 1315-1317 Great Famine

  • Due to bad weather and poor soils.

  • Starvation widespread in Europe.

  • Life expectancy 30-35 years.


Black death 1347 1351

Black Death 1347-1351

  • Bubonic plague brought to Europe by Genoese )Italian) traders.


Black death 1347 13511

Black Death 1347-1351

  • Killed 1 out of every 3 western Europeans


Impact of plague

Impact of Plague

  • Laborers demand higher pay

  • Peasant Revolutions


The latin west 1200 1500

  • Increase in per capita income

  • Brings about the end of serfdom in western Europe


Social rebellion

Social Rebellion

  • Wat Tylerin 1381 led English peasants in a revolt in London.

  • Demanded an end to serfdom and most kinds of manorial dues (taxes).

  • Wanted higher wages and social changes.

  • Murdered the archbishop of Canterbury and many officials.


The latin west 1200 1500

  • Serfdom practically disappears.

  • The welfare of the rural masses generally improved after the Black Death.


Population growth

Population Growth

  • From 1350-1445 population of Europe doubles to 80 million (about the same as China’s)

  • Causes:

  • Economic growth

  • Warm temperatures

  • Few epidemics

  • New farming techniques


New industries

New Industries

  • Water wheels, windmills and mines spring up along rivers.

  • Waterwheels

  • Had long been common in Islamic societies

  • Along with windmills provided power for increased food production and jobs.


Rise of industry and cities

Rise of Industry and Cities

  • The water wheelprovided the power for increased production.

  • Wind and water driven mills ground flour and corn.

  • The technology had existed in the Islamic world for a century.

  • Mill owners soon became very rich men!


End part 1

End Part 1


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