OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA AND INFORMATION INITIATIVES IN AFRICA. 1 st African Digital Curation Conference CSIR International Conference Centre, Pretoria, South Africa 12 th -13 th February 2008. Dr. Ing. Alfonse M. Dubi Associate Professor and DIRECTOR
1st African Digital Curation Conference
CSIR International Conference Centre, Pretoria, South Africa
12th -13th February 2008
Dr. Ing. Alfonse M. Dubi
Associate Professor and DIRECTOR
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es salaam, Zanzibar, TANZANIA
WHY NOT TALK ABOUT “AFRICAN DATA INITIATIVES?
Africa is so wide, having different political and economic groupings, each country doing “their own things”,
Data on/about/by Africa would cover many disciplines: natural sciences, engineering, technology, social sciences, etc
All Africa Data initiatives would need a separate “CONFERENCE”
OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA AND INFORMATION INITIATIVES IS APPROPRIATE
2. OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA AND INFORMATION INITIATIVES IN AFRICA
In 1998, African Countries embarked on“The African Process for the Co-operation for the Development and Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment”
A Pan-AfricanConference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (PACSICOM) was held in Maputo, Mozambique, in July 1998.
The Maputo Declaration recognised the need for further capacity building, especially the following:
Training and education in marine sciences and technology and their application to sustainable development;
Institutional strengthening; and
“The African Process resulted in a Africa-wide Project, i.e. GOOS – AFRICA with the following priorities:
Oceanographic data is divided into : Biological, Chemical, Geological, Physical, and Meteorology
(a) Intergovernmental Data Centers :
Established by international agreements to archive and manage and deal with multi-national datasets
(b) Research Project Data Centers
Data centers established by specific research projects to manage project datasets until final archiving at Intergovernmental Centers or other final disposition
3.2 SOME INITIATIVES cont’d
(c) Topical & Operational Data Activities - Specially created activity centers that archive and provide data on specific regional or thematic topics, and newly established centers that provide processing and delivery of operational oceanographic products within operational oceanographic systems
e.g. sea level:
UHSLC: University of Hawaii Sea Level Centre:
Website: http://www. ilikai.soest.hawaii.edu
PSMSL: Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level:
Website: http://www.pol.ac.uk/psmsl NODC:
NODC: National Oceanographic Data Centre (US):
JASL:Joint Archive for Sea Level
GLOSS: GLOSS: Global Sea Level Observing System:
TPA: Tanzania Ports Authority
3.3. In- Situ Measurements
THE ODINAFRICA PROJECT
Over 40 institutions in 25 countries
Pointe Noire, Congo (installation 30 March -6 April 2007)
Proposed location at the entrance to the port suitable radar or pressure gauge.
Limbe port - poor security and potential damage from old cargoes piled up on the very small jetty
Numerous passengers from ferries using the jetty.
SONARA Oil Refinery Jetty
Provides best option-long,
Secure, sufficient depth
Nosy Be the jetty has been destroyed and needs to be reconstructed
Port security is very limited. Strong swell within the harbour- pressure and radar sensor records difficult to process because of irregular variation in sea level.
Northern part of the new quay slowly sinking in water, south part not enough space and enough water to install the tide house and tide gauge well.
Installation north of the island too difficult to realise; very shallow waters do not allow an installation alongside the coast.
The only solution would be to build offshore tide gauge huts far from the coastline.
New tide gauge to be located at NIOF
Repairs of tide gauge housing in progress
Network exist of 9 operational tide gauges, most of them with acoustic sensors, proposal to install new at Casablanca.
Old tide gauge location, Casablanca
Not among the original sites, but being considered – depending on availability of resources
for the Meteosat.
(Purchased and configured by Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, United Kingdom).
Left: Casablanca, Morocco
To build capacity in computer modelling in various applications such as ocean and coastal circulation modelling, marine and coastal ecosystem modelling, ecological modelling taking account of Global Climatic Changes and Variability, Sustainability and Ecosystem Based Management.
The Institute, with funding from Sida-SAREC, has acquired the following computer modelling systems: ROMS, MATLAB, MIKE 21, SMS (ADCIRC) and ArcGIS. To enhance computing power, the Institute has acquired a powerful computer.
Customer-tailored products, e.g. climatologies inventories; extreme values; atlases; value- added specialised forecast are to be archived in a database