Hispanic american experience during wwii
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Hispanic American Experience During WWII. Mexican Americans & Mexicans Join the War Effort. Approximately 250,000 – 500,000 Mexican Americans served during WWII. A higher proportion of Mexican Americans fought in combat units than any other ethnic group. Changing Jobs.

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Mexican americans mexicans join the war effort
Mexican Americans & Mexicans Join the War Effort

  • Approximately 250,000 – 500,000 Mexican Americans served during WWII.

  • A higher proportion of Mexican Americans fought in combat units than any other ethnic group.


Changing jobs
Changing Jobs

  • Labor shortages during the war allow thousands of Mexican Americans to leave their rural, agricultural lives.

  • To replace Mexican American farm labor, the government instituted the BRACERO PROGRAM.

    • Mexican citizens received short-term contracts to come to U.S. and farm


The zoot suit
The Zoot Suit

  • Initially an African American youth fashion connected to jazz culture.

  • Adopted by Mexican American kids.


Characteristics
Characteristics

  • Unwritten rules demanded that people of color remain unseen and unheard in public spaces, but the zoot suit, with broad shoulders, narrow waist, and ballooned pants, was loud and bold.

  • Statement of defiance.

  • Zootsuiters asserted themselves when fabric was being rationed for war effort.


Occasional dress
Occasional Dress

  • Reserved for special occasions

    • Dances

    • Birthday Parties


Zoot suit riots
Zoot Suit Riots

  • June 1943

  • Clashes between sailors on leave and Mexican Americans turned violent


Newspaper excerpt
Newspaper Excerpt

  • The worst violence occurred on Monday, June 7.

  • One Los Angeles paper printed a guide on how to "de-zoot" a zootsuiter:

    "Grab a zooter. Take off his pants and frock coat and tear them up or burn them."


Magazine cover
Magazine Cover

  • Create a front cover of Time Magazine about the Bracero Program or the Zoot Suit Riots.

  • Include:

    • A catchy headline

    • An image

    • A teaser: What would a full-length article be about?

    • Smaller headlines for other stories.


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