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Chapter 7: Immigrants and Cities. A NEW WAVE OF IMMIGRATION. NEW IMMIGRANTS. 1880s: in 1 decade as many immigrants came as in the previous 4 decades=“melting pot” Old immigrants: mostly from Great Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandinavia (Northern Europe)

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chapter 7 immigrants and cities

Chapter 7: Immigrants and Cities

A NEW WAVE OF IMMIGRATION

new immigrants
NEW IMMIGRANTS
  • 1880s: in 1 decade as many immigrants came as in the previous 4 decades=“melting pot”
  • Old immigrants: mostly from Great Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandinavia (Northern Europe)
  • New Immigrants: from southern and eastern Europe countries like Italy, Poland, Russia, Greece, and Hungary
    • Brought new cultures and religions like Judaism, Eastern Orthodox, and Catholicism
coming to america
COMING TO AMERICA
  • steerage: lower area of ship where steering was kept; immigrants traveled in this area
        • Cramped and dirty

Europeans arrived at Ellis Island on East Coast/New York Ellis Island

    • Asian immigrants arrived at Angel Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Interrogated and examined physically before admitted
immigrant life
IMMIGRANT LIFE
  • Moved into large cities for work and stayed in neighborhoods with same nationality
  • Lived in tenements—poorly built, overcrowded apartments
  • Benevolent societies: aid organizations established by immigrants to help in case of illness, unemployment, or death
    • Eventually adopted American ways to fit in and promoted the free public education system as key to success in America
immigrant workers
IMMIGRANT WORKERS
  • Most were farmers from their home country but couldn’t afford to be a farmer in America
  • Worked in factories as unskilled labor for little pay and in bad conditions
  • Many worked in small factories making clothing known as sweatshops for long hours and unhealthy conditions
  • Earned living by how many pieces they made=pieceworkers
immigrant workers1
IMMIGRANT WORKERS
  • Many women worked as maids and cooks or ran boardinghouses
  • Some skilled laborers borrowed money and opened their own businesses
  • Many returned to Europe
opposition to immigration
OPPOSITION TO IMMIGRATION
  • Nativists: Americans that were already here
    • Prejudice against Asian and southern and eastern European immigrants’ languages and customs
    • Argued that the immigrants’ lack of education would harm American society
    • Feared they would take away jobs
    • Some took place in violence against immigrants
opposition to immigration1
OPPOSITION TO IMMIGRATION
  • Chinese Exclusion Act: 1882 Congress passed
    • Banned Chinese immigrants for 10 years
    • First time specific nationality was banned
    • Chinese American population dropped in 1800s and Congress extended ban into the 1900s
    • Immigration Restriction League: est. by nativists

-demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write

homework
Homework
  • Using your notes create a crossword puzzle with the key terms
  • We will exchange crossword puzzles on Monday to complete with each other.
  • You can use an online generator like http://www.puzzle-maker.com/crossword_Entry.cgi
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