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Social Web, & Annotation in E-Learn 2005. Rosta Farzan January 12, 2006. List of papers. Social Web Discovering the Complex Effect of Navigation Cues in an E-Learning Environment, Dron, University of Brighton, UK A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City, Dron, UK

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social web annotation in e learn 2005

Social Web, & Annotation in E-Learn2005

Rosta Farzan

January 12, 2006

list of papers
List of papers
  • Social Web
    • Discovering the Complex Effect of Navigation Cues in an E-Learning Environment, Dron, University of Brighton, UK
    • A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City, Dron, UK
    • The Use of Blogs in Teaching, Knowledge Management, and Performance Improvement, Want et al, San Diego State University, USA
  • Annotation
    • Enhancing Online discussion through Web Annotation, Xin & Glass, Siimon Fraser University, Canada
    • Extending Annotations to Make Truly Valuable, Korica et al, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    • Scripted Anchored Discussion of eLectures, Trahasch & Lauer
discovering the complex effect of navigation cues
Discovering the complex effect of navigation cues …
  • Experiment
    • Determining the effect of visual social navigation cues on user behavior
      • Position
      • Font-size
      • Word-length
    • Subjects
      • 203 users
      • Students & teachers of University of Brighton
result
Result
  • Position
    • Strong correlation between list position and chances of being clicked
  • Font size
    • Single item with large font size has strong chance of being clicked
  • Word length
    • No strong correlation
a succession of eyes building an e learning city
A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City
  • Describes Dwellings
    • Virtual city for learners
    • Supports self-organizing mechanism
    • Interactive collaborative web browsing
    • Bookmark database
    • Content management systems
dwellings city metaphor
Dwellings & City metaphor
  • Users ~ dwellers
    • Represented by avatars
  • Links ~ dwellings
  • Collection of links ~ street
  • Demo
    • http://dwellings.cofind.net/conf/
social navigation in dwellings
Social Navigation in Dwellings
  • Real-time
    • Real time chatting with other users
    • See other users who are login to the system at the same time
  • History-rich information
    • Leave graffiti on the buildings
    • Leave footprint as you move
    • View footprints left by others
      • Identify popular sites
study
Study
  • Pilot study
    • Improve design and further development
    • Two hour period
    • Six graduate students studying communication technologies
    • Data collection
      • Observe activity of students
      • Analyze usage logs
      • Questionnaire
result1
Result
  • Effect of social navigation
    • Two streets attracted most of the activities
    • Students were attracted by presence of others
      • Mentioned as the most important factor determining where to move
      • High usage of “Who is here now” link
    • No clear influence of presence of footprints
the use of blogs in teaching
The use of blogs in teaching, …
  • Usefulness of blogs
    • Learning tool
      • Facilitate critical thinking
      • Promote discussion
      • Support individual/group learning in classroom settings
    • Knowledge Construction tool
      • Supported by archiving & hyper-linking
        • How ideas connect & evolve over time
        • Self-organization of information
      • Collaborative knowledge construction
        • Leaving comments
usefulness of blogs
Usefulness of blogs
  • Knowledge Management tool
    • Klogs
      • Gathering and sharing information or knowledge
      • Informal knowledge management
        • Bottom up
  • Performance Improvement tool
    • Blogs improve critical thinking
    • Proactive thinking enhance collective ability of an organization
enhancing online discussion through web annotation
Enhancing Online Discussion through Web Annotation
  • Develop web annotation & highlighting
    • Integrated into Moodle discussion forums
  • Study how annotation facilitate discussion
  • Demo
    • http://www.geof.net/code/annotation
evaluation
Evaluation
  • Future work
    • How are the annotation functions used?
      • What purpose?
      • What context?
    • How do annotation affect behavior of others?
    • What is the role of annotations in ongoing discussion?
    • How annotations help users?
    • Do users revisit annotations?
      • How?
extending annotation to make them truly valuable
Extending Annotation to Make them Truly Valuable
  • Annotation as a tool for collaboration
    • Private annotations
    • Public annotations
    • Group annotations
      • Group Work space
        • Attached to a unit of material
          • HTML page, PPT slide, a paragraph, a figure, a picture, a table, …
        • Users
          • Username, password, group name
          • Can belong to more than one group
annotation as work space
Annotation as Work Space
  • Workspace
    • Information
      • Comment, links, or documents inserted by others
    • Question
      • Questions asked by members related to the attached unit
      • Answers to the questions
    • Discussion
      • Discussion forum
scripted anchored discussions of electures
Scripted Anchored Discussions of eLectures
  • Recording live lectures as educational modules for e-learning
    • Less expensive & more flexible
    • Tool
      • AOF (Authoring on the Fly)
    • Problem
      • Limited interaction of learners
      • Solution
        • Scripted anchored discussion
scripted anchored discussion
Scripted anchored discussion
  • Exchanging structured comments anchored in documents (synchronously or asynchronously)
    • Defines actions
      • Replace spontaneous intervention of instructors
      • Sentence opener (prompt)
        • Type of contribution
          • Question, Comment, New topic
        • Order of contribution
representation

Constructive criticism

Response

Closing Analysis

Representation
  • Non-deterministic finite state machine

critic

starts

analyzer

First Analysis

critic

analyzer

analyzer

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