Social web annotation in e learn 2005
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Social Web, & Annotation in E-Learn 2005. Rosta Farzan January 12, 2006. List of papers. Social Web Discovering the Complex Effect of Navigation Cues in an E-Learning Environment, Dron, University of Brighton, UK A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City, Dron, UK

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Social web annotation in e learn 2005

Social Web, & Annotation in E-Learn2005

Rosta Farzan

January 12, 2006


List of papers

List of papers

  • Social Web

    • Discovering the Complex Effect of Navigation Cues in an E-Learning Environment, Dron, University of Brighton, UK

    • A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City, Dron, UK

    • The Use of Blogs in Teaching, Knowledge Management, and Performance Improvement, Want et al, San Diego State University, USA

  • Annotation

    • Enhancing Online discussion through Web Annotation, Xin & Glass, Siimon Fraser University, Canada

    • Extending Annotations to Make Truly Valuable, Korica et al, Graz University of Technology, Austria

    • Scripted Anchored Discussion of eLectures, Trahasch & Lauer


Social web

Social Web


Discovering the complex effect of navigation cues

Discovering the complex effect of navigation cues …

  • Experiment

    • Determining the effect of visual social navigation cues on user behavior

      • Position

      • Font-size

      • Word-length

    • Subjects

      • 203 users

      • Students & teachers of University of Brighton


Experiment

Experiment


Result

Result

  • Position

    • Strong correlation between list position and chances of being clicked

  • Font size

    • Single item with large font size has strong chance of being clicked

  • Word length

    • No strong correlation


A succession of eyes building an e learning city

A Succession of Eyes: Building an E-Learning City

  • Describes Dwellings

    • Virtual city for learners

    • Supports self-organizing mechanism

    • Interactive collaborative web browsing

    • Bookmark database

    • Content management systems


Dwellings city metaphor

Dwellings & City metaphor

  • Users ~ dwellers

    • Represented by avatars

  • Links ~ dwellings

  • Collection of links ~ street

  • Demo

    • http://dwellings.cofind.net/conf/


Social navigation in dwellings

Social Navigation in Dwellings

  • Real-time

    • Real time chatting with other users

    • See other users who are login to the system at the same time

  • History-rich information

    • Leave graffiti on the buildings

    • Leave footprint as you move

    • View footprints left by others

      • Identify popular sites


Study

Study

  • Pilot study

    • Improve design and further development

    • Two hour period

    • Six graduate students studying communication technologies

    • Data collection

      • Observe activity of students

      • Analyze usage logs

      • Questionnaire


Result1

Result

  • Effect of social navigation

    • Two streets attracted most of the activities

    • Students were attracted by presence of others

      • Mentioned as the most important factor determining where to move

      • High usage of “Who is here now” link

    • No clear influence of presence of footprints


The use of blogs in teaching

The use of blogs in teaching, …

  • Usefulness of blogs

    • Learning tool

      • Facilitate critical thinking

      • Promote discussion

      • Support individual/group learning in classroom settings

    • Knowledge Construction tool

      • Supported by archiving & hyper-linking

        • How ideas connect & evolve over time

        • Self-organization of information

      • Collaborative knowledge construction

        • Leaving comments


Usefulness of blogs

Usefulness of blogs

  • Knowledge Management tool

    • Klogs

      • Gathering and sharing information or knowledge

      • Informal knowledge management

        • Bottom up

  • Performance Improvement tool

    • Blogs improve critical thinking

    • Proactive thinking enhance collective ability of an organization


Annotation

Annotation


Enhancing online discussion through web annotation

Enhancing Online Discussion through Web Annotation

  • Develop web annotation & highlighting

    • Integrated into Moodle discussion forums

  • Study how annotation facilitate discussion

  • Demo

    • http://www.geof.net/code/annotation


Evaluation

Evaluation

  • Future work

    • How are the annotation functions used?

      • What purpose?

      • What context?

    • How do annotation affect behavior of others?

    • What is the role of annotations in ongoing discussion?

    • How annotations help users?

    • Do users revisit annotations?

      • How?


Extending annotation to make them truly valuable

Extending Annotation to Make them Truly Valuable

  • Annotation as a tool for collaboration

    • Private annotations

    • Public annotations

    • Group annotations

      • Group Work space

        • Attached to a unit of material

          • HTML page, PPT slide, a paragraph, a figure, a picture, a table, …

        • Users

          • Username, password, group name

          • Can belong to more than one group


Annotation as work space

Annotation as Work Space

  • Workspace

    • Information

      • Comment, links, or documents inserted by others

    • Question

      • Questions asked by members related to the attached unit

      • Answers to the questions

    • Discussion

      • Discussion forum


Scripted anchored discussions of electures

Scripted Anchored Discussions of eLectures

  • Recording live lectures as educational modules for e-learning

    • Less expensive & more flexible

    • Tool

      • AOF (Authoring on the Fly)

    • Problem

      • Limited interaction of learners

      • Solution

        • Scripted anchored discussion


Scripted anchored discussion

Scripted anchored discussion

  • Exchanging structured comments anchored in documents (synchronously or asynchronously)

    • Defines actions

      • Replace spontaneous intervention of instructors

      • Sentence opener (prompt)

        • Type of contribution

          • Question, Comment, New topic

        • Order of contribution


Representation

Constructive criticism

Response

Closing Analysis

Representation

  • Non-deterministic finite state machine

critic

starts

analyzer

First Analysis

critic

analyzer

analyzer


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