Israel and Gaza According to the 5 Dimensions. From 2005-Present. Dimension 1: Who is Involved?. Intergroup- Palestinians fighting amongst themselves- (Hamas v. Fatah)
Israel and Gaza According to the 5 Dimensions
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Intergroup- Palestinians fighting amongst themselves- (Hamas v. Fatah)
International- Both Palestinians in Gaza and the Israelis have allies internationally and support the conflict through $$$ and arms
Iran, Turkey, Arab countries (less since Arab Spring)
US, EU, Canada and Israel consider Hamas a terrorist organization
Transboundary-they are fighting over a border
Dimension #2 What are the sources of the Conflict
Conflict over Resources: they are fighting over control of land Palestine/Israel
Conflict over Values: Religion and the ties to the land are significant for both sides
Conflict over Psychological needs: Palestinians want the right to “self-determination”-
Self-Determination is the right of a people to govern itself and chose the political and legal status of the territory it occupies (Evans 497).
Dimension #3: Relationships between conflicting parties
In biblical terms the Muslims and the Jews are both Children of Abraham
Relationship is characterized as hostile, suspicious, and emotionally tense
There is a tremendous power imbalance (Israel is militarily and economically stronger)
There is also an interdependence- Gaza is reliant on Israel for supplies being let into the territory
Dimension #3: Continued
Currently a positive relationship is not valued-Hamas’ charter seeks to destroy Israel
“There is no solution to the Palestinian problem except by Jihad. The initiatives, proposals and International Conferences are but a waste of time, an exercise in futility. The Palestinian people are too noble to have their future, their right and their destiny submitted to a vain game” (Article 13 Hamas Charter).
Dimension #3: Continued
Article 16 The Jihad for the liberation of Palestine is an individual duty
While there are cultural similarities-the relationship is extremely hostile
Dimension #4: What is the History of the Conflict?