CHOLERA. b y Isaac David Benhaimoud. CHOLERA. • Cholera is a disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. • It was discovered in 1854. • It appeared in India and spread to Europe and America causing millions of deaths. • This is the the bacteria that causes the cholera.
by Isaac David Benhaimoud
• Cholera is a disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
• It was discovered in 1854.
• It appeared in India and spread to Europe and America causing millions of deaths.
•This is the the bacteria that causes the cholera.
•This is Filippo Pacini an italian doctor that discovered the disease.
•The main symptoms are:
-Stools are whitish
-Absence of fever
•Apathy and decay.
•Low voltage,weak pulse, tachycardia.
•Wrinkled hands, by subcutaneous dehydration.
•Increase in blood viscosity for loss of liquids (more probability to suffer ictus and infarcts).
-Watery diarrohea and
high stools makes
think about this disease.
-Others forms to detect the disease are:
•Blood analysis:the reduction of leukocytes is a symptom of the disease.
•Stool examination:the elevated presence of leukocytes is another symptom of the disease.
There are two ways:
•Serums:Used totreat the disease and moisturise the sick.
There are two types:
-Oral:Itconsists of a serum that drips onto the mouth slowly throughout the day.
-Intravenous: Itis used to restore large amount of fluids in patients with a high degree of dehydration or who cannot take oral serum.
•Antibiotic: Reducethe cure time,the duration of diarrohea and fluids requirements.
There are two ways to avoid contracting cholera :
•Hygienic measures: Donot take food in poor condition or untreated water.
•Vaccines:The first vaccine to the cholera was did by the Spanish Doctor Jaume Ferran i Clua.