CHOLERA. b y Isaac David Benhaimoud. CHOLERA. • Cholera is a disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. • It was discovered in 1854. • It appeared in India and spread to Europe and America causing millions of deaths. • This is the the bacteria that causes the cholera.
by Isaac David Benhaimoud
• Cholera is a disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
• It was discovered in 1854.
• It appeared in India and spread to Europe and America causing millions of deaths.
•This is Filippo Pacini an italian doctor that discovered the disease.
•The main symptoms are:
-Stools are whitish
-Absence of fever
•Apathy and decay.
•Low voltage,weak pulse, tachycardia.
•Wrinkled hands, by subcutaneous dehydration.
•Increase in blood viscosity for loss of liquids (more probability to suffer ictus and infarcts).
-Watery diarrohea and
high stools makes
think about this disease.
-Others forms to detect the disease are:
•Blood analysis:the reduction of leukocytes is a symptom of the disease.
•Stool examination:the elevated presence of leukocytes is another symptom of the disease.
There are two ways:
•Serums:Used totreat the disease and moisturise the sick.
There are two types:
-Oral:Itconsists of a serum that drips onto the mouth slowly throughout the day.
-Intravenous: Itis used to restore large amount of fluids in patients with a high degree of dehydration or who cannot take oral serum.
•Antibiotic: Reducethe cure time,the duration of diarrohea and fluids requirements.
There are two ways to avoid contracting cholera :
•Hygienic measures: Donot take food in poor condition or untreated water.
•Vaccines:The first vaccine to the cholera was did by the Spanish Doctor Jaume Ferran i Clua.