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How Groups Become a Team. By: Stephen Adams & Annabel Ortega. Group or Team ?. Are they the same?. Definitions. Groups – Two or more freely interacting people with shared norms and goals and a common identity.

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How groups become a team

How Groups Become a Team

By: Stephen Adams & Annabel Ortega

Group or team
Group or Team ?

Are they the same?


  • Groups – Two or more freely interacting people with shared norms and goals and a common identity.

  • Teams – Small group with complementary skills who hold themselves mutually accountable for common purpose, goals, and approach.

Group or team1
Group or Team ?

How different are they?

Tuckman s five stage theory of group development
Tuckman’s Five-Stage Theory of Group Development





Return toIndependence




Group or team2
Group or Team ?

Why do people in the business community use these terms so loosely?

Group or team3
Group or Team ?

“The essence of a team is common commitment. Without it, groups perform as individuals; with it, they become a powerful unit of collective performance.”

Group to team
Group to Team

  • Groups and teams comprise of individuals.

  • Different by:

    • Talents

    • Experiences

    • Education

    • Not Necessarily Equal

Group to team1
Group to Team

  • The important point to recognize, is in order to transcend from a group to a team, the following activities need to take place within the group by the individual.

    • Leadership

    • Accountability

    • Purpose

    • Problem Solving

    • Effectiveness


  • Increase your provocability.

    • To be an effective leader, each individual must follow practice.

    • Do it in a positive way.

    • Show individual responsibility.

    • Practice lessons learned.

    • Experience judgments fully, and let them go.


  • Develop your ability to respond.

    • Make distinction between accountability and responsibility.

    • Accountability is between yourself and no other.

    • Think the cause-effect equation.

    • Accept that past choices placed you in your current situation.


  • Master your intentions.

    • Clear intentions are the secret behind extraordinary performers.

    • Know and picture your outcome.

    • Make collaborative intentions known.

    • Live and work on purpose.

Problem solving
Problem Solving

  • Ask yourself what’s the best and most valuable use of your unique abilities.

    • Learn from upsets and mistakes.

    • Open a new relationship with a contribution.

    • Be a present hero by serving yourself and your team simultaneously.

    • Make it a way of life.


  • Make a difference in the dynamics of the team.

    • Disregard excused for poor performance.

    • Retain personal power.

    • Understand that going alone without passion or commitment takes your team where no member wants to go.


  • Teams transcend to groups all by the actions of individuals.

  • Common Commitment can create the essence of teamwork and a solid foundation for the team.

  • Teamwork requires personal, individual action.

Article resource
Article Resource

Avery, Christopher M.

2002. Training and Development. Teamwork isn’t just a group process. This time, it’s personal. /p/articles/mi_m4467/is_1_56/ai_8236 1931/

Kinicki, Angelo; Kreitner, Robert. Organizational Behavior: Key Concepts, Skills & Best Practices. McGraw Hill Irwin. New Your, NY, 2006. pp. -205-268.