Values and Ethics in Social Work. The Nature of Values. A value is a type of belief, centrally located in one’s total belief system, about how one ought, or ought not to behave , or about some end-state of existence worth or not worth attaining. The Nature of Values.
A value is a type of belief, centrally located in one’s total belief system, about how one ought, or ought not to behave, or about some end-state of existence worth or not worth attaining.
Instrumental Values: How we should or should not behave
Provide the moral or ethical guidelines that help determine how we conduct our lives, and as social workers, how we perform our work.
Terminal Values: Reflects the bottom line of what we want to accomplish.
Values are such a central part of our thought processes that we often are not consciously aware of them and therefore are unable to identity their influence on our decisions.
A person may be forced to choose among values that are in conflict with one another. This is known as a value conflict.
Addressing values in the abstract may be quite different from applying them in a real-life situation.
Values are problematic because they change over time.
Actions taken prior to the onset of a problem to intercept its cause or to modify its course before a person is involved.
It is the elimination of the noxious agent at its source.
Involves prompt efforts to curtail and stop the disease in the affected persons and the spreading of the disease to others.
Involves rehabilitative efforts to reduce the residual effects of the illness, that is, reducing the duration and disabling severity of the disease.
Empowerment is a process whereby persons who belong to a stigmatized social category throughout their lives can be assisted to develop and increase skills in the exercise of interpersonal influence and the performance of valued roles.
Network is the process of developing multiple interconnections and chain reactions among support systems.
A forensic social work/legal profession collaborative litigation activity involving social work concerns, with the goal of obtaining a favorable court ruling that will benefit the social welfare of a specific group of persons.
Serrano v. Priest: Argued that the quality of a child’s education should not be dependent on the wealth of a school district.
Nicacio v. United States INS: Hispanic plaintiffs who were exhibiting psychiatric symptoms, allegedly caused by stressful interrogations conducted by patrol officers of the United States INS.
Morales, A.T. & Sheafor, B.W. (2004). Social work: A profession of many faces. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.