Nutrient loads to the gulf of mexico
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Nutrient Loads to the Gulf of Mexico. Mike Woodside U.S. Geological Survey TN. What is hypoxia?. What causes hypoxia?. Excess nutrient loading to the Gulf of Mexico Seasonal Stratification of Gulf Waters. Is Hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico getting better or worse?.

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Nutrient Loads to the Gulf of Mexico

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Nutrient loads to the gulf of mexico

Nutrient Loads to the Gulf of Mexico

Mike Woodside

U.S. Geological Survey

TN


What is hypoxia

What is hypoxia?


What causes hypoxia

What causes hypoxia?

Excess nutrient loading to the Gulf of Mexico

Seasonal Stratification of Gulf Waters


Is hypoxia in the northern gulf of mexico getting better or worse

Is Hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico getting better or worse?


Spring nutrient loads are used to estimate the size of the hypoxic zone

Spring Nutrient Loads Are Used to Estimate the Size of the Hypoxic Zone


Mississippi atchafalaya river basin nitrogen loads

Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin Nitrogen Loads

Source: USGS: Aulenbach and others, 2010


Mississippi atchafalaya river basin phosphorus loads

Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin Phosphorus Loads

Source: USGS: Aulenbach and others, 2010


Nutrient loads to the gulf of mexico

USGS Releases Nutrient Load Estimates Online each year for Mainstem sites and Nine Major Tributaries

  • MRB Clinton, IA

  • MRB Alton, IL

  • Missouri River at Omaha, NE

  • Missouri River at Herman, MO

  • MRB at Thebes, IL

  • Ohio River at Cannelton, IN

  • Ohio River at Grand Chain, IL

  • Arkansas River below Little Rock, AR

  • Red River at Simmesport, LA

http://water.usgs.gov/nasqan/


Nutrient delivery and sources

Nutrient Delivery and Sources

Areas with Highest Delivered Yields of Nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico

Sources of Nitrogen Delivered

To the Gulf of Mexico

Alexander and others, 2008


Nutrient loads to the gulf of mexico

Rankings and the uncertainties of these rankings for 818 watersheds in the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River Basin

Robertson and others, 2009


Importance of groundwater nutrient contributions

Importance of Groundwater Nutrient Contributions

Fenelon, 1998


Elevated nutrient levels can also affect the quality of drinking water resources

Elevated nutrient levels can also affect the quality of drinking water resources


Nutrient loads to the gulf of mexico

Comprised of:

Federal Agencies: EPA, NOAA, USDA, USACE, DOI

States: AR, IL, IA, IN, KY, LA, MN, MS, MO, OH, TN, WI

Goal: Strive to reduce or make significant progress towards reducing the five-year running average areal extent of the hypoxic zone to less than 5,000 square kilometers by the year 2015


Nutrient reduction actions in the basin

Nutrient Reduction Actions in the Basin


Challenges needs

Challenges/Needs

  • Long-term Surface and Groundwater Quality Monitoring

  • Enhance Nutrient Source Accounting

  • Location and Quantification of Nutrient Reductions from Conservation Practices

  • Suite of water quality models and online decision support tools to evaluate management alternatives


Bbq and shrimp

BBQ and Shrimp

Mike Woodside

U.S.Geological Survey

National Water-Quality Assessment Program

Nashville, TN

[email protected]

615-837-4706


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