Irritable bowel syndrome
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Rachel, Phoebe and Jordan Unit 21, Nutrition. What is IBS and what causes it?. IBS is a common gut disorder, causes an upset stomach. Symptoms are: Pain and Discomfort Bloating Stools (diarrhoea or constipation) Nausea Headache Poor appetite

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Rachel, Phoebe and Jordan

Unit 21, Nutrition


What is ibs and what causes it

What is IBS and what causes it?

IBS is a common gut disorder, causes an upset stomach.

Symptoms are:

  • Pain and Discomfort

  • Bloating

  • Stools (diarrhoea or constipation)

  • Nausea

  • Headache

  • Poor appetite

  • Bladder symptoms

    The general causes are unknown, however, there are several factors than can lead to having this disorder. E.g. food intolerance, stress, anxiety.


If left untreated

If left untreated….

“If IBS symptoms go untreated in an individual with severe symptoms such as severe chronic constipation or severe chronic diarrhea, the person can have other complications that may affect their health.”

Such as…

  • Worsening of the symptoms for IBS.

  • Anal fissures – from constipation - causing cuts on the colon, creating you to bleed when you poo.

  • Lack of nutrition – from diarrhoea – as you lose a lot of nutrients and fluids when you have severe diarrhoea.


Different types of ibs

Different types of IBS

Three types of IBS. These are:

  • IBS with constipation – “This comes with stomach pain and discomfort, bloating, abnormally delayed or infrequent bowel movement, or lumpy/hard stool.”

  • IBS with diarrhea – “This comes with stomach pain and discomfort, an urgent need to move your bowels, abnormally frequent bowel movements, or loose/watery stool.”

  • IBS with alternating constipation and diarrhea


What should you do

What should you do?

  • Go to doctors (medical help, get diagnosed)

    Doctor may give you medication, depending on the severity of the disorder, may need to go back for regular check-ups, to check on progress and see if its been improved. However, its important to remember that sometimes people can be falsely diagnosed: and told that they have IBS because it is common, even though your symptoms might be similar, you could have something more serious.

  • If caused by stress, get professional help to deal with this (may relieve symptoms)

  • If caused by food intolerance, may need to keep a food diary to identify what foods may cause this. (may need to go back to the doctors, possibly more medication needed. Also you would have to avoid these foods completely.)


Foods you should avoid

Foods you should avoid!

Raw Fruits:

  • Citrus (Oranges)

  • Melons (Watermelons)

    Vegetables:

  • Raw (onions)

  • Gas producing (cabbage, beans)

    Chocolate:

  • May aggravate digestive tract

Greasy foods:

  • Pizza

  • Sausages

  • Fast food

    Dairy foods:

  • Milk

  • Cheese

  • Ice cream

    Whole grains:

  • Wheat

  • Rye

  • Barley

  • Spicy Foods:

  • Chillies

  • Peppers

  • Drinks:

  • Fizzy drinks

  • Coffee

  • Alcohol


Affects on physical health

Affects on physical health!

  • If not treated correctly can lead to being hospitalised, because of severe stomach pains.

  • Can lead to always needing the toilet. (could be an inconvenience, if out in public)

  • Constantly feeling poorly

  • Losing weight (if not having right nutrients, which are having to be avoided)


Video case study

Video Case Study

  • http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/Realstoriespage.aspx


References

References

  • http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Irritable-Bowel-Syndrome.htm - causes and symptoms

  • http://www.irritablebowelsyndrome.us/app/future.asp - left untreated

  • http://www.webmd.com/ibs/types-ibs - different types

  • http://ibs.about.com/od/ibsfood/a/triggerfoods.htm - foods to avoid

  • http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/Realstoriespage.aspx - affects on health


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