OCR Level 3 Cambridge Technicals in Business. Introduction to. Unit 1: Business Environment. Two very different businesses. In October 1942, following the setting up of a national Famine Relief Committee, the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief met for the first time and Oxfam was born. .
In October 1942, following the setting up of a national Famine Relief Committee, the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief met for the first time and Oxfam was born.
Oxfam continues to support relief for poverty via direct action projects all over the world, often in areas of severe deprivation.
These initials, along with ‘Co’ from Cohen, gave Jack the idea for the name of his own label – TESCO.
In 1919, Jack Cohen started selling surplus groceries from a market stall in the East End of London.
In 1924 Jack sold his first own-brand product. This was tea from a firm of tea suppliers of whom T E Stockwell was a partner.
The purpose of Oxfam is to help create lasting solutions to the injustice of poverty.
Oxfam uses a combination of rights-based sustainable development programs, public education, Fair Trade, campaigns, advocacy, and humanitarian assistance in disasters and conflicts.
Tesco’s vision is to be:
a modern and innovative company and winning locally, applying their skills globally
a growth company
most highly valued by the customers they serve, the communities in which they operate, their loyal and committed staff and their shareholders
Has no commercial or financial aims in its vision statement
Oxfam and Tesco are both major businesses, but are very different.
A public limited company with clear aims to grow its position in the market place
Performance is measured by profit and revenue levels
Oxfam International is a confederation of 15 organisations
Works primarily in the retail sector
A registered charity
Relieve suffering of those in need
No maximisation of profit
Income from donations
Respond to worldwide emergencies/disasters
Value for money
Public Limited Company
Oxfam and Tesco represent very different organisations operating in very different business environments.
Have strong core values and strategies which are paramount to their success
Operate within a business environment where global economic uncertainty can have a major impact
Are efficient and effective organisations that achieve their very different purposes
After completing this unit you will:
Understand how businesses are organised to achieve their purposes
Know how political, legal and social factors impact on business
Know the range of different businesses and their ownership
Know the impact of the economic environment on businesses